The Full Wiki

More info on 38th United States Congress

38th United States Congress: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

38th United States Congress
USCapitol1869.jpg
United States Capitol (1869)

Duration: March 4, 1863 – March 4, 1865

President of the Senate: Hannibal Hamlin
President pro tempore: Solomon Foot
Daniel Clark
Speaker of the House: Schuyler Colfax
Members: 52 Senators
184 Representatives
10 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1863 – March 14, 1863
1st: December 7, 1863 – July 4, 1864
2nd: December 5, 1864 – March 4, 1865
<37th 39th>

The Thirty-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1863 to March 4, 1865, during the last two years of the first administration of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eighth Census of the United States in 1860. Both houses had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major events

  • American Civil War, which had started in 1861, continued through this Congress and ended later in 1865

Major legislation

Treaties ratified

States admitted and seceded and Territories organized

Advertisements

States admitted

States seceded

Congress did not accept secession. Secessionists were not eligible for Congress, and the states of the Confederacy did not hold elections for it.

  • Already seceded in 1861: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee

Territory organized

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 52

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 184

Leadership

President of the Senate
Hannibal Hamlin

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

President pro tempore Solomon Foot
President pro tempore Daniel Clark

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1868; Class 2 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1864; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1866.

Alabama

  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant

Arkansas

  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant

California

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

  • 1: vacant
  • 3: vacant

Georgia

  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant

Missouri

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant

Ohio

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant

Tennessee

  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant

Texas

  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant

Vermont

Virginia

West Virginia

Wisconsin

House of Representatives

Speaker of the House
Schuyler Colfax

Alabama

  • All seats vacant

Arkansas

  • All seats vacant

California

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

  • All seats vacant

Georgia

  • All seats vacant

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

  • All seats vacant

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

  • All seats vacant

Missouri

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

  • All seats vacant

Ohio

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

  • All seats vacant

Tennessee

  • All seats vacant

Texas

  • All seats vacant

Vermont

Virginia

  • All seats vacant

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 2
  • deaths: 1
  • resignations: 2
  • interim appointments: 1
  • seats of newly admitted seats: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 4

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 6
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 3
  • contested election: 1
  • seats of newly admitted seats: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 7

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message