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391 BC: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 5th century BC4th century BC3rd century BC
Decades: 420s BC  410s BC  400s BC  – 390s BC –  380s BC  370s BC  360s BC
Years: 394 BC 393 BC 392 BC391 BC390 BC 389 BC 388 BC
391 BC by topic
State leaders – Sovereign states
Birth and death categories
Births – Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments – Disestablishments
391 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 391 BC
Ab urbe condita 363
Armenian calendar N/A
Bahá'í calendar -2234 – -2233
Bengali calendar -983
Berber calendar 560
Buddhist calendar 154
Burmese calendar -1028
Byzantine calendar 5118 – 5119
Chinese calendar [[Sexagenary cycle|]]年
— to —
[[Sexagenary cycle|]]年
Coptic calendar -674 – -673
Ethiopian calendar -398 – -397
Hebrew calendar 3370 – 3371
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat -335 – -334
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2711 – 2712
Holocene calendar 9610
Iranian calendar 1012 BP – 1011 BP
Islamic calendar 1043 BH – 1042 BH
Japanese calendar
Korean calendar 1943
Thai solar calendar 153


By place

Persian Empire

  • The Persian satrap, Struthas, pursues an anti-Spartan policy, prompting the Spartans to order their governor to the Greek cities of Ionia, Thibron, to attack him. Thibron successfully ravages Persian territory for a time, but is killed, along with a number of his men, when Struthas ambushes them.
  • Evagoras of Salamis and the Persians battle each other for control of Cyprus. Aided by the Athenians and the Egyptians, Evagoras extends his rule over the greater part of Cyprus and to several cities of Anatolia.


  • The Athenian general, Iphicrates, with a force composed almost entirely of light troops and peltasts (javelin throwers), wins a decisive victory against the Spartan regiment that has been stationed at Lechaeum in the Battle of Lechaeum. This is the first time that a force of light infantry defeats a unit of Greek hoplites.
  • Iphicrates also campaigns against Phlius and Arcadia, decisively defeating their armies and plundering the territory of the Arcadians when they refuse to engage his troops. After this victory, an Argive army marches to Corinth, and, seizing the Acrocorinth, effectively merges Argos and Corinth.


Roman Republic

  • The Roman dictator Marcus Furius Camillus is accused of making an unfair distribution of the spoils of his victory at Veii. He goes into voluntary exile.
  • Quintus Fabius Ambustus and two other Fabii are sent as ambassadors by Rome to a wandering tribe of Celts (whom the Romans call Gauls), under Brennus, who are advancing down the Tiber while the Celtic army is besieging Clusium. After Quintus Fabius' group become involved in a skirmish with the Gauls and kill one of the Gauls' leaders, the offended Gauls demand that Rome surrender the Fabii members to them. The Romans refuse, so the Gauls advance on Rome.



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