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39th United States Congress: Wikis

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39th United States Congress
USCapitol1869.jpg
United States Capitol (1869)

Duration: March 4, 1865 – March 4, 1867

President of the Senate: Andrew Johnson (Mar 1865-Apr 1865)
Vacant (1865-1867)
President pro tempore: Lafayette S. Foster
Benjamin Wade
Speaker of the House: Schuyler Colfax
Members: 54 Senators
193 Representatives
9 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1865 – March 11, 1865
1st: December 4, 1865 – July 28, 1866
2nd: December 3, 1866 – March 4, 1867
<38th 40th>

The Thirty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1865 to March 4, 1867, during the second administration of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, and the first two years of the administration of his successor, U.S. President Andrew Johnson.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Eighth Census of the United States in 1860. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Dates of sessions

March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1867

  • Special session of the Senate:
  • First session: December 4, 1865 - July 28, 1866
  • Second session: December 3, 1866 - March 3, 1867 — a lame duck session

Previous congress: 38th Congress
Next congress: 40th Congress

Party summary

Tennessee was readmitted to representation in this Congress.

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 54

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 193

Leadership

President of the Senate
Vice President
Andrew Johnson
Senate
House of Representatives

Major events

Main article: Events of 1865; Events of 1866; Events of 1867

Major legislation

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

See also: 39th United States Congress - political parties
See also: 39th United States Congress - State Delegations
See also: United States House elections, 1864
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Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1868; Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1870; and Class 3 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1866.

See also: Category:United States Senators
See also: Category:United States congressional delegations by state
Alabama
  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant
Arkansas
  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant
California
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
  • 1: vacant
  • 3: vacant
Georgia
  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant
Missouri
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant
Ohio
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant
Tennessee
Texas
  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant
Vermont
Virginia
  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant
West Virginia
Wisconsin
President pro tempore
Lafayette S. Foster
President pro tempore
Benjamin F. Wade

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

See also: Category:Members of the United States House of Representatives
See also: Category:United States congressional delegations by state
Alabama
  • all seats vacant
Arkansas
  • all seats vacant
California
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
  • all seats vacant
Georgia
  • all seats vacant
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
  • all seats vacant
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
  • all seats vacant
Missouri
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
  • all seats vacant
Ohio
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
  • all seats vacant
Tennessee
Texas
  • all seats vacant
Vermont
Virginia
  • all seats vacant
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Speaker of the House
Schuyler Colfax

Delegates

Arizona Territory
Colorado Territory
Dakota Territory
Idaho Territory
Montana Territory
Nebraska Territory
New Mexico Territory
Utah Territory
Washington Territory

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate
  • replacements: 7
  • deaths:
  • resignations:
  • vacancy:
  • Total seats with changes:
House of Representatives
  • replacements: 6
  • deaths:
  • resignations:
  • contested election:
  • Total seats with changes:

Officers

Senate
Other
House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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