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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eastern Hemisphere at the beginning of the 3rd century AD.
Map of the world in AD 250.
Eastern Hemisphere at the end of the 3rd century AD.
Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 2nd century · 3rd century · 4th century
Decades: 200s 210s 220s 230s 240s
250s 260s 270s 280s 290s
Categories: BirthsDeaths
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

The 3rd century is the period from 201 to 300 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian/Common Era.

In this century, the Roman Empire sees a crisis, marking the beginning of Late Antiquity. In Persia, the Parthian Empire is succeeded by the Sassanid Empire.

In India, the Kushan Empire is replaced by the Gupta Empire. China is in the Three Kingdoms period. The Xiongnu form the Tiefu state under Liu Qubei. Korea is ruled by the Three Kingdoms of Korea. Japan enters the Kofun period.

In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Bantu expansion reaches Southern Africa.

In Pre-Columbian America, the Adena culture of the Ohio River valley declines in favor of the Hopewell culture. The Maya civilization enters its Classic Era.

Contents

Roman Empire

After the death of Commodus in the previous century the Roman Empire was plunged into a civil war. When the dust settled, Septimius Severus emerged as emperor, establishing the Severan dynasty. Unlike previous emperors, he openly used the army to back his authority, and paid them well to do so. The regime he created is known as the Military Monarchy as a result. The system fell apart in the 230s, giving way to a fifty-year period known as the Military Anarchy or the Crisis of the Third Century, where no fewer than twenty emperors held the reins of power, most for only a few months. The majority of these men were assassinated, or killed in battle, and the empire almost collapsed under the weight of the political upheaval, as well as the growing Persian threat in the east. Under its new Sassanid rulers, Persia had grown into a rival superpower, and the Romans would have to make drastic reforms in order to better prepare their state for a confrontation. These reforms were finally realized late in the century under the reign of Diocletian, one of them being to divide the empire into an eastern and western half, and have a separate ruler for each.

Events

The Baths of Caracalla, in 2003

Significant people

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

Decades and years

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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 2nd century · 3rd century · 4th century
Decades: 200s 210s 220s 230s 240s
250s 260s 270s 280s 290s
Categories: BirthsDeaths
Establishments – Disestablishments

The 3rd century is the period from 201 to 300 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era.

Contents

Overview

Map of the world in AD 250

After the death of Commodus in the previous century the Roman Empire was plunged into a civil war. When the dust settled, Septimius Severus emerged as emperor, establishing the Severan dynasty. Unlike previous emperors, he openly used the army to back his authority, and paid them well to do so. The regime he created is known as the Military Monarchy as a result. The system fell apart in the 230s, giving way to a fifty-year period known as the Military Anarchy or the Crisis of the 3rd Century, where no fewer than twenty emperors held the reins of power, most for only a few months. The majority of these men were assassinated, or killed in battle, and the empire almost collapsed under the weight of the political upheaval, as well as the growing Persian threat in the east. Under its new Sassanid rulers, Persia had grown into a rival superpower, and the Romans would have to make drastic reforms in order to better prepare their state for a confrontation. These reforms were finally realized late in the century under the reign of Diocletian, one of them being to divide the empire into an eastern and western half, and have a separate ruler for each.

Events

The Baths of Caracalla, in 2003

Significant persons

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

Decades and years


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 3rd century. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

This article uses material from the "3rd century" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Centuries: 2nd century - '3rd century' - 4th century
Decades: 200s 210s 220s 230s 240s 250s 260s 270s 280s 290s

The 3rd century is the century from 201 to 300.

Decades and years

Note: years before or after the 3rd century are in italics.

190s 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199
200s 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209
210s 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219
220s 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229
230s 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239
240s 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249
250s 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259
260s 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269
270s 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279
280s 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289
290s 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299
300s 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309


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