405th Air Expeditionary Operations Group: Wikis

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405th Air Expeditionary Operations Group
405thairexpeditionary-patch.jpg
Emblem of the 05th Air Expeditionary Operations Group
Active 1943-1945; 1952-1957; 2001-Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Mascot NOVERE ET AGGREDI - "Deploy and Attack"
A B-52 being refueled over the Indian Ocean, as seen from the refueling operator on a KC-135. The KC-135 crew is from the 931st Air Refueling Group at McConnell Air Force Base, Kan., and was deployed to the 405th Air Expeditionary Operations Group to support Operation Iraqi Freedom

The 405th Air Expeditionary Operations Group (405 AEOG) is the flying component of the 405th Air Expeditionary Wing. It is a provisional unit assigned to the United States Air Force Air Combat Command. Its current status and location is undisclosed, however it is possibly stationed at Thumrait Air Base, Oman.

The group's World War II predecessor unit, the 405th Fighter Group was assigned to Ninth Air Force in England, flying its first combat mission on 1 May 1944. The group received a Distinguished Unit Citation for a mission in France on 24 September 1944; answering a request from Third Army for support near Laneuveville-en-Saulnois, two squadrons flying on instruments through rain and dense overcast, were directed by ground control toward a furious tank battle where, in spite of severe ground fire, one squadron repeatedly bombed and strafed enemy tanks; the second squadron, unable to find this target because of the weather, attacked a convoy of trucks and armored vehicles; later the same day, the third squadron hit warehouses and other buildings and silenced ground opposition in the area. It flew its last mission in early May, 1945.

Contents

Overview

The 405 AEOG is believed to control Boeing B-1B Lancer and B-52 Stratofortress operations over combat areas in the Middle East and Central Asia as part of the Global War on Terrorism. Aircraft and personnel are drawn from both CONUS-based units as well as units assigned to USAFE or PACAF on regular deployment cycles. The group's organization structure has not been disclosed.

History

For additional history and lineage, see 405th Air Expeditionary Wing
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Lineage

  • Constituted as 405th Bombardment Group (Dive) on 4 Feb 1943
Activated on 4 Feb 1943
Redesignated as 405th Fighter-Bomber Group in Aug 1943
Redesignated as 405th Fighter Group in May 1944
Inactivated on 29 Oct 1945
  • Redesignated as 405th Fighter-Bomber Group and activated on 1 Dec 1952
Inactivated on 8 Oct 1957
Redesignated 405th Tactical Training Group on 31 Jul 1985 (Remained inactive)
  • Redesignated 405th Air Expeditionary Operations Group and converted to provisional status in Sep 2001

Assignments

Attached to: XIX Tactical Air Command, 1 Aug 1944
Attached to: XIX Tactical Air Command, 1 Oct 1944

Components

  • 509th Fighter (formerly 624th Bombardment) Squadron (G9): 1 Mar 1943-15 Oct 1945; 1 Dec 1952-8 Oct 1957
  • 510th Fighter (formerly 625th Bombardment) Squadron (2Z): 1 Mar 1943-15 Oct 1945; 1 Dec 1952-8 Oct 1957
  • 511th Fighter (formerly 626th Bombardment) Squadron (K4): 1 Mar 1943-15 Oct 1945; 1 Dec 1952-8 Oct 1957
  • 627th Fighter Squadron: 1 Mar-18 Aug 1943

Stations

Aircraft

Operations

World War II

Sister group P-47D on an Advanced Landing Ground in Normandy

The 405th Fighter Group was a fighter bomber unit of the United States Army Air Force in World War II. They group flew P-47 Thunderbolts in the European Theater of Operations (ETO) starting with the buildup to the Invasion of Normandy ("D-Day") through the end of the war in Europe. The 405th was a unit of the Ninth Air Force, IX Fighter Command, IX Tactical Air Command, 84th Fighter Wing.[1] The 405th was primarily assigned to support Patton's Third Army. The group consisted of the 509th, 510th, and 511th Fighter Squadrons, plus headquarters elements. The group consisted of 73 aircraft.

The 405th Bombardment Group (Dive) was organized on 4 February 1943,[2] at Drew Field near Tampa, Florida, and activated on 1 March 1943.[2] The group was initially equipped with a few Douglass Dauntless and Curtis Helldiver dive bombers. The group gained some P-39 Airacobras before they left Drew. The group was redisignated as the 405th Fighter Bomber Group on 15 August 1943.[3] In September 1943 the group moved to Walterboro, South Carolina. In Walterboro the group was outfitted with the original "razorback" design P-47 Thunderbolts. In February 1944 the group moved by train to a point of embarkation (POE) camp near New York City. The group soon embarked the RMS Mauritania for transport to England. After six days at sea, two of them in hurricane conditions, the group disembarked in Liverpool. The group traveled by train to Southampton then via lorrie to Christchurch, Dorset.[4]

US Flag, a gift from the 405th, hangs in Christchurch Priory

From March to 29 June 1944, the 405th operated out of the RAF Christchurch.[5] After setting up camp and training over England, the group began combat operations over France. During this period their primary task was ground attack ahead of the coming Operation Overlord invasion of Normandy. The group disrupted German positions and transportation infrastructure. Train locomotives were a favorite target. The group destroyed the Seine River bridge at Mantes-Gassicourt, northeast of Paris, just before the invasion, to inhibit movement of German materiel.[6] The group was grounded during the 6 June invasion activities because Allied command was concerned that inexperienced anti-aircraft batteries would mistake P-47s for the German FW-190. The 405th resumed flying on 10 June, providing close air support to the beachhead. On 18 June 1944,[7] the group was redesignated to the 405th Fighter Group.[3] A few weeks after the invasion, the 405th packed up and moved to a POE near Southampton.[8]

While encamped at Christchurch, the Group officers bivouaced in Bure Homage, an English manor adjacent to the airfield that was requisitioned by the British Ministry of Defence for the war.[9]

The group's most notable action was the destruction of an entire German armored division near the town of Avaranches [sic], France on 29 July 1944. After immobilizing leading and trailing elements of the 3 mile (4.8 km) long column, the rest of the tanks and trucks were systematically destroyed with multiple sorties.

The 405th also accepted the surrender of the highly decorated Luftwaffe ace, Hans Rudel, and his officers at the end of the war.

Cold War

Operated Godman AFB, Ky, Dec 1952-Apr 1953, and Langley AFB, Va, May 1953-Oct 1957. At the latter base, replaced 4430th Air Base Wing and operationally controlled numerous tactical and support components until Oct 1957.

Operations included gunnery and bombardment training, firepower demonstrations, weapons delivery training, and numerous tactical exercises, 1952-1958, plus air refueling, 1954-1958.

Inactivated on 8 Oct 1957 when 405th FBW adopted Tri-Deputate organization plan and assigned all operational squadrons directly to the Wing.

Current era

B-1B Lancer and possibly B-52 Stratofortress aircraft, along with various tankers were assigned to the unit and took part in combat operations during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) in 2001, and Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003.

During the first phase of Operation Iraqi Freedoms "Shock and Awe," the 405th launched 10 aircraft and struck all their 240 planned targets with Global Positioning System-guided JDAMS 2,000-pound bombs. Since then, the unit conducted almost daily bombing missions as well as responding to calls for close air support from ground units.

Combat operations have continued as needed to support friendly ground forces in combat areas of operations.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  • Mauer, Mauer (1969), Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II, Air Force Historical Studies Office, Maxwell AFB, Alabama. ISBN 0892010975
  • Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.
  1. ^ "U.S.Ninth Tactical Air Force". http://www3.sympatico.ca/angels_eight/9tac.html. Retrieved 2007-03-03.  
  2. ^ a b Wyllie, Arthur (2005). World War II Victories of the Army Air Force. Lulu Press, Inc.. pp. pp. 309–310. ISBN 978-1411648647.  
  3. ^ a b "405th Fighter Group" (in french). http://wing.chez-alice.fr/USAAF/405th_FG/405th_FG.html. Retrieved 2007-03-03.  
  4. ^ Henkels, pp. 78–111.
  5. ^ "CHRISTCHURCH Resident Aircraft". http://daveg4otu.tripod.com/airfields/xchres.html. Retrieved 2007-03-03.  
  6. ^ Henkels, p. 113.
  7. ^ Wyllie lists this change as May.
  8. ^ Henkels, pp. 161–164.
  9. ^ "HISTORY OF THE BAE SYSTEMS CHRISTCHURCH SITE". http://www.users.freenetname.co.uk/~bgwells/BAEXCHSite/xchsite.htm. Retrieved 2007-03-11.  

External links


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