40th United States Congress: Wikis

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40th United States Congress
USCapitol1869.jpg
United States Capitol (1869)

Duration: March 4, 1867 – March 4, 1869

President of the Senate: Vacant
President pro tempore: Benjamin Wade
Speaker of the House: Schuyler Colfax
Theodore M. Pomeroy
Members: 68 Senators
226 Representatives
8 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
Special: April 1, 1867 – April 20, 1867
1st: March 4, 1867 – December 1, 1867
2nd: December 2, 1867 – November 10, 1868
3rd: December 7, 1868 – March 4, 1869
<39th 41st>

The Fortieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1867 to March 4, 1869, during the last two years of the administration of U.S. President Andrew Johnson.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Eighth Census of the United States in 1860. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Party summary

Arkansas, Florida, Alabama, North Carolina, Louisiana, and South Carolina were readmitted to representation in this Congress.

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 68

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 226

Leadership

Senate
House of Representatives

Major events

Major legislation

States admitted and/or Territories organized

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

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Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1868; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1870; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1872.

Alabama
Arkansas
California
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant
Missouri
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant
Vermont
Virginia
  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant
West Virginia
Wisconsin
President pro tempore
Benjamin F. Wade

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

See also: Category:Members of the United States House of Representatives
See also: Category:United States congressional delegations by state
Alabama
Arkansas
California
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Speaker of the House
Schuyler Colfax
Speaker of the House
Theodore M. Pomeroy

Delegates

Arizona Territory
Colorado Territory
Dakota Territory
Idaho Territory
Montana Territory
New Mexico Territory
Utah Territory
Washington Territory

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate
  • replacements: 3
  • deaths: 1
  • resignations: 2
  • interim appointments: 1
  • seats from newly admitted states: 2
  • Total seats with changes:
House of Representatives
  • replacements: 10
  • deaths: 8
  • resignations: 3
  • contested election: 3
  • seats from newly admitted states: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 15

Officers

Senate
Other
House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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