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413th Flight Test Group: Wikis

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413th Flight Test Group
413ftg-emblem.jpg
413th Flight Test Group Emblem
Active 1944–Present
Country United States
Branch United States Army Air Forces
United States Air Force
Role Flight Testing
Part of Air Force Reserve Command
Air Force Materiel Command
Garrison/HQ Robins Air Force Base, Georgia
Engagements World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg Asiatic-Pacific Campaign ribbon.svg
  • World War II
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign (1944–1945)

The 413th Flight Test Group (413 FTG) is a United States Air Force Air Force Reserve Command unit. It is stationed at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia as a tenant unit.

The 413 FTG conducts flight tests on aircraft after the programmed depot maintenance is completed. Its history goes back to 1944 when the 413th Fighter Group flew very long range (VLR) escort missions of Twentieth Air Force B-29 Superfortress bombardment groups against Japan. During the Cold War, the unit was a Strategic Air Command fighter-escort wing and later Tactical Air Command tactical fighter group in the 1950s.

Contents

Overview

Components of the unit are stationed throughout the United States to help conduct functional flight tests. The group is a partnership between the Air Force Materiel Command and the Air Force Reserve Command and is the operational supervisor of all the depot flight test units.

The group, manages four squadrons and two flights is made up of 140 full-time Airmen, 78 traditional reservist and nine civil servants. Once PDM is completed, members of the flight crew begin a variety of ground checks to make sure the aircraft is ready for a functional test flight. Once the aircraft is deemed airworthy, then the airplane is delivered to the home station and is configured to fly whatever mission it is assigned to fly.

History

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Lineage

  • Established as 413 Fighter Group, Single Engine on 5 Oct 1944
Activated on 15 Oct 1944
Inactivated on 15 Oct 1946
  • Redesignated 413 Fighter-Day Group on 27 Oct 1954
Activated on 11 Nov 1954
Inactivated on 8 Oct 1957
  • Consolidated (31 Jan 1984) with the 413 Strategic Fighter Wing, which was established on 23 Mar 1953.
Redesignated 413 Fighter-Day Wing on 26 Sep 1957
Activated on 8 Oct 1957
Redesignated 413 Tactical Fighter Wing on 1 Jul 1958
Inactivated on 15 Mar 1959
  • Redesignated 413 Flight Test Group on 18 Jul 2003
Activated in the Reserve on 1 Oct 2003.

Assignments

Attached to 479th Fighter-Day Wing, 11 Nov 1954-7 Oct 1957

Components

  • 1st Fighter (later, 1st Fighter-Day; 1st Tactical Fighter): October 15, 1944 – October 15, 1946; November 11, 1954 – March 15, 1959 (detached June 27 – c. November 12, 1958)
  • 10th Flight Test: October 1, 2003–Present
  • 21st Fighter (later, 21st Fighter-Day; 21st Tactical Fighter): October 15, 1944 – October 15, 1946; November 11, 1954 – March 15, 1959 (detached March 14–15, 1959)
  • 34th Fighter (later 34th Fighter-Day; 34th Tactical Fighter): October 15, 1944 – October 15, 1946; November 11, 1954 – March 15, 1959
  • 339th Flight Test: October 1, 2003–Present
  • 370th Flight Test: October 1, 2003–Present
  • 474th Fighter-Day (later, 474th Tactical Fighter): October 8, 1957 – March 15, 1959 (detached November 11, 1958 – March 15, 1959)
  • 514th Flight Test: October 1, 2003–Present

Flights

  • 313th Flight Test: October 1, 2003–Present
  • 415th Flight Test: October 1, 2003–Present
  • 420th Flight Test: October 1, 2003–Present

Stations

Aircraft Assigned

Operational History

The unit served primarily in the Pacific Ocean theater of World War II as part of Twentieth Air Force. The 413th Fighter Group's aircraft flew very long range (VLR) escort missions of B-29 Superfortress bombardment groups against Japan.

Constituted as 413th Fighter Group on October 5, 1944 and activated on October 15. Trained for very-long-range operations with P-47N Thunderbolts.

Moved to the South West Pacific Area, April–June 1945. The group was assigned to the Twentieth Air Force VII Fighter Command, 301st Fighter Wing. Was reassigned to the Eighth Air Force early in August 1945. Flew a few strafing missions from Saipan to the Truk Islands in May before beginning operations from Ie Shima in June. Engaged in dive-bombing and strafing attacks on factories, radar stations, airfields, small ships, and other targets in Japan. Made several attacks on shipping and airfields in China during July. Flew its only escort mission on August 8, 1945 when it covered B-29's during a raid against Yawata, Kyoto, Japan.

Served as a part of the air defense and occupation force for the Ryukyu Islands after the war. Inactivated on Okinawa on October 15, 1946.

Activated as part of Tactical Air Command in 1954. Trained to achieve and maintain combat readiness by participation in tactical exercises, firepower demonstrations, joint training with US Army and US Marine Corps units, and tactical evaluations. Provided augmentation of Sixteenth Air Force in Spain, through deployment of assigned squadrons on a rotational basis, 1958–1959.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947–1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129
  • Robins AFB press release about 413th Flight Test Group

External links


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