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418th Fighter-Day Squadron
418nfs-emblem.jpg
Emblem of the 418th NFS
Active 1943–1947; 1957-1958
Country United States
Branch United States Army Force
Engagements
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg Asiatic-Pacific Campaign ribbon.svg
  • World War II
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign (1943–1945)

The 418th Fighter-Day Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with Fifth Air Force, being inactivated at Kadena Air Base, Okinawa on February 20, 1947

Contents

History

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Lineage

  • Established as 418th Night Fighter Squadron April 1, 1943
Inactivated February 20, 1947
  • Redesignated 418th Fighter-Day Squadron on 6 Dec 1957
Activated on 10 Dec 1957
Inactivated on 1 Jul 1958

Assignments

Attached to 481st Night Fighter Operational Training Group, July 17 – September 26, 1943)
Attached to: First Air Task Force, 22 Nov 1943
Attached to: 308th Bombardment Wing, 1 Feb 1944
Attached to: 310th Bombardment Wing, c. 15 May 1944
Attached to: Thirteenth Air Force, 10 Nov 1944
Attached to: 310th Bombardment Wing, 26 Dec 1944-30 Jan 1945
Attached to: 308th Bombardment Wing, c. 30 Jul 1945
Attached to: 310th Bombardment Wing, 22 Oct-10 Nov 1945
Attached to: V Bomber Command, 10 Nov 1945-20 Mar 1946
(Upon inactivation, personnel and equipment reassigned to 4th Fighter Squadron (All Weather)

Stations

Detachment: Wake Island, June 8 – August 18, 1944
Start of B-25 Mitchell operations.
Detachment: Owi Airfield, Schouten Islands, Netherlands East Indies, September 16 – October 5, 1944
Detachment: Dulag Airfield, Leyte, Philippines, November 14–30, 1944 (Ground Echelon)
Detachment: McGuire Field, Mindoro, Philippines, December December 15 26, 1944 (Ground Echelon)

Aircraft

Operations History

The squadron was activated on April 1, 1943 at the Army Air Force School of Applied Tactics, Orlando AAF, Florida. After several months of training, the unit was deployed to the Pacific Theater, moving first to Camp Patrick Henry, near Newport News Virginia where they boarded the USS General John Pope, sailing through the Panama Canal to Milne Bay, New Guinea.

In New Guinea, the squadron was assigned to Fifth Air Force and initially stationed at Dobodura airfield in November 1943. Flying P-70 Havocs and P-38 Lightnings, the unit conducted night fighter defensive operations against intruding Japanese aircraft over New Guinea, moving to several advance airfields on the island throughout 1943 and 1944. In September 1944, the squadron was re-equipped with P-61 Black Widows and moved to Morotai Island in the Dutch East Indies where they engaged enemy aircraft. In the East Indies, additional B-25 Mitchells and P-38s were assigned, using the B-25s for night intruder operations, P-61s for night fighter operations and the P-38s for searchlight cooperation operations. In November the squadron moved to the Philippines, arriving on Leyte on November 14.

The unit was attached frequently to different units throughout the war, and remained in the Philippines until July 1945 when it moved to Okinawa. From Kadena Airfield, the unit attacked a wide range of enemy targets on Hainan Island, Hong Kong, and along the east China coast. Its first mission against targets on the Japanese Home Islands took place on July 28 when it attacked targets on Kyūshū and also in the Shanghai area of enemy controlled China.

After V-J Day, the 418th NFS moved briefly to Atsugi Airfield, Japan during October 1945 where it was part of the occupying forces. It returned to Okinawa on June 15, 1946, conducting training operations until February 20, 1947 when the unit was inactivated. Its assigned personnel, aircraft and equipment were transferred to the 4th Fighter Squadron (All Weather). Not manned, 1957-1958

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Northrop P-61 Black Widow--The Complete History and Combat Record, Garry R. Pape, John M. Campbell and Donna Campbell, Motorbooks International, 1991.
  • Mauer, Mauer (1969), Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II, Air Force Historical Studies Office, Maxwell AFB, Alabama. ISBN 0892010975
  • USAFHRA Document 01075506

External links


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