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425th Fighter Squadron
425th Fighter Squadron.jpg
425th Fighter Squadron Patch
Active December 1, 1943 – August 25, 1947
October 15, 1969 – September 1, 1989
December 30, 1992 – Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Type Fighter Training
Part of Air Education and Training Command
19th Air Force
56th Fighter Wing
56th Operations Group
Garrison/HQ Luke Air Force Base
Engagements
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg
  • World War II
European Campaign (1944–1945)
Decorations Outstanding Unit ribbon.svg AFOUA

The 425th Fighter Squadron (425 FS) is part of the 56th Fighter Wing at Luke Air Force Base, Arizona. It operates the F-16 Fighting Falcon aircraft conducting advanced fighter training.

The squadron's World War II predecessor unit, the 425th Night Fighter Squadron was assigned to Ninth Air Force in England, as a P-61 Black Widow interceptor unit. Its mission was to defend Allied-controlled airspace over England and the liberated areas of Western Europe against night Luftwaffe attacks.

Contents

Mission

The 425th Fighter Squadron's current mission is to provide advanced weapons and tactics continuation training for Republic of Singapore Air Force F-16 pilots, weapon systems officers and maintenance personnel. RSAF aircrew and maintenance personnel are assigned to the 425th for two years, during which they receive advanced tactics training, participate in Red Flag, shoot live missiles at Combat Archer, and deploy to locations throughout the United States to participate in composite operations and dissimilar air combat exercises.[1][2]

History

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Lineage

  • Constituted as the 425th Night Fighter Squadron on November 23, 1943
Activated on December 1, 1943.
Inactivated on August 25, 1947
  • Redesignated: 425th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron on August 22, 1969
Activated on October 15, 1969
Inactivated on September 1, 1989
  • Redesignated: 425th Fighter Squadron on December 1, 1992.
Activated on December 30, 1992

Assignments

Stations

Reference for lineage, assignments and stations[3]

Aircraft operated

Reference[2]

Operational history

P-61A-10NO 42-5569  "Tabitha"
425th NFS (RAF Scorton, England)
Northrop P-61A-10-NO Black Widow Serial 42-5570 of the 425th Night Fighter Squadron

Constituted as the 425th Night Fighter Squadron on November 23, 1943, and activated on December 1, the 425th was originally assigned to the 481st Night Fighter Operational Training Group, Orlando Air Base, Florida. The unit was reassigned, beginning on January 30, 1944, to bases in California before arriving at its first European station at RAF Chormy Down, England, May 26, 1944 as a unit of 9th Air Force. After being reassigned to various bases in England, the 425th settled at its first home base on the European Continent at Vannes, France on August 18, 1944. During the air war in Europe, the 425th flew the YP-61, A-20, P-61, and P-70 aircraft. The unit was at several locations in California between September 8, 1945 and September 1, 1946, before arriving at McChord Field, Washington. The 425th was inactivated on August 25, 1947. [1]

The unit was reactivated at Williams Air Force Base, Arizona on October 15, 1969 as the 425th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron and was assigned to the 58th Tactical Fighter Training Wing at Luke Air Force Base, Arizona. The squadron's new mission was to train aircrews from friendly nations to fly and fight in the F-5. The first F-5E Tiger II was delivered to the 425th on April 6, 1973. The 425 TFTS was reassigned to the 405th Tactical Training Wing as of August 29, 1979 and the unit was activated at Luke. In June 1989, the squadron's F-5 training program terminated after having produced 1,499 graduates, and the 425th was inactivated September 1, 1989. [1]

The squadron was reactivated under the designation 425th Fighter Squadron on December 30, 1992.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ a b c 56 OG Fact Sheet
  2. ^ a b AFHRA 425 FS Page
  3. ^ Endicott, Judy G. (1999) Active Air Force wings as of 1 October 1995; USAF active flying, space, and missile squadrons as of 1 October 1995. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. CD-ROM.
  • Northrop P-61 Black Widow--The Complete History and Combat Record, Garry R. Pape, John M. Campbell and Donna Campbell, Motorbooks International, 1991.
  • USAF 425th Fighter Squadron History
  • 56th Operations Group Fact Sheet
  • Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.

External links


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