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433d Operations Group
433 AW.jpg
Embelm of parent 433d Airlift Wing
Active 1943-1946; 1947-1952; 1955-1959; 1992-Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force

The 433d Operations Group (433 OG) is the operational flying component of the United States Air Force Reserve 433d Airlift Wing. It is stationed at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas.

The unit's World War II predecessor unit, the 433d Troop Carrier Group operated primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater transporting such things as gasoline, ammunition, medicine, rations, communications equipment, construction materials and evacuating wounded personnel during numerous campaigns. It was awarded the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for its role in the liberation of the Philippines during 1944-1945. After the war, the unit served in the reserves and was elevated to active service during the Korean War. It returned to reserve duty until its inactivation in 1959; then again since 1992 after its reactivation.

Contents

Overview

The 433 OG operates two flying squadrons with a total of 16 Lockheed C-5A Galaxy strategic airlift aircraft, transporting personnel and cargo on a worldwide basis. Component squadrons are:

History

For additional lineage and history, see 433d Airlift Wing
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Lineage

  • Established as 433 Troop Carrier Group on 22 Jan 1943
Activated on 9 Feb 1943
Inactivated on 15 Jan 1946
  • Activated in the Reserve on 6 Jul 1947
Redesignated 433 Troop Carrier Group, Medium on 27 Jun 1949
Ordered to active service on 15 Oct 1950
Inactivated on 14 Jul 1952
  • Activated in the Reserve on 18 May 1955
Inactivated on 14 Apr 1959
Redesignated: 433 Tactical Airlift Group on 31 Jul 1985 (Remained inactive)
  • Redesignated: 433 Operations Group on 1 Aug 1992
Activated in the Reserve on 1 Aug 1992.

Assignments

Components

  • 5 Troop Carrier: 28 Oct 1948-28 Mar 1949
  • 65 Troop Carrier: 9 Nov 1943-20 Feb 1945
  • 66 Troop Carrier: 9 Nov 1943-20 Feb 1945
  • 67 Troop Carrier: 9 Feb 1943-15 Jan 1946 (detached Jul-Nov 1944); 6 Jul 1947-14 Jul 1952; 18 May 1955-14 Apr 1959
  • 68 Troop Carrier (later 68th Airlift): 9 Feb 1943-15 Jan 1946; 3 Aug 1947-14 Jul 1952; 18 May 1955-14 Apr 1959; 1 Aug 1992-Present.
  • 69 Troop Carrier: 9 Feb 1943-15 Jan 1946; 3 Aug 1947-14 Jul 1952; 25 Mar 1956-14 Apr 1959
  • 70 Troop Carrier: 9 Feb 1943-15 Jan 1946 (detached Jul-Nov 1944); 3 Aug 1947-3 Oct 1950
  • 315 Troop Carrier: 28 Oct 1948-28 Mar 1949.

Stations

Aircraft

  • C-53, 1943
  • C-47, 1943-1945
  • B-17, 1944
  • C-46, 1944-1945; 1949-1950; 955-1958
  • C-119, 1950-1952; 1958-1959
  • C-45, 1955-c. 1956
  • C-5, 1992-Present

Operations

Trained to tow gliders and to transport and drop supplies and paratroops, Feb-Jul 1943. Air echelon flew Group's C-47s to New Guinea, via Hawaii, the Fiji Islands, and Australia, Aug-Sep 1943, and began operations with Fifth Air Force. Ground echelon sailed from the West Coast on 25 Sep 1943, arriving in Australia on 10 Oct 1943. By early Nov 1943, the two echelons had rejoined at Nadzab, New Guinea.

Transported troops and carried cargo, such as gasoline, ammunition, medicine, food, equipment, and construction materials; and evacuated wounded personnel. From Nov 1943 to Feb 1945, the group was assigned six troop carrier squadrons, rather than the more normal four. Lost operational control of two squadrons, Jul-Nov 1944. Squadrons moved, Oct 1944-Jan 1945, to Biak Island, and Jan-Feb 1945 to the Philippines.

Operations in the Philippines included delivering ammunition, food, and other items to Filipino guerrilla forces; evacuating former allied prisoners of war and civilian internees; transporting combat units from New Guinea, the Netherlands East Indies, and the Solomon Islands. Group flew its one combat glider tow mission on 23 Jun 1945 to Aparri, Luzon. Transported troops to Okinawa, Jun-Aug 1945 and occupation forces to Japan after V-J Day.

Activated as a Reserve organization in Ohio on 6 Jul 1947. Ordered to active service and moved to North Carolina in Oct 1950; received C-119 aircraft the following month. Tactical training began in Mar 1951. Transported personnel and supplies to Army units in the field. Airdropped personnel and equipment during army exercises. Moved to West Germany and participated with US, British, and French units in field training until inactivated. By 1958, flew airlift missions and participated in tactical exercises.

Beginning Aug 1992, the group participated in airlift missions worldwide, including numerous humanitarian missions.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links


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