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435th Operations Group: Wikis

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435th Operations Group
435thog-emblem.jpg
Emblem of the 435th Operations Group
Active 1943-1945; 1947-1952; 1952-1959; 1975-1978; 1978-1980; 1992-1995
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force Reserve

The 435th Operations Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the 435th Airlift Wing, stationed at Rhein-Main Air Base, Germany. It was inactivated on 1 April 1995.

The unit's World War II predecessor unit, the 435th Troop Carrier Group was a C-47 Skytrain transport unit assigned to Ninth Air Force in Western Europe. The group flew combat paratroopers on airborne assaults on Normandy (Operation Overlord); Southern France (Operation Dragoon); Holland (Operation Market-Garden), and Germany (Operation Varsity). It also flew combat resupply missions in the relief of Bastogne in 1945.

Contents

History

For additional history and lineage, see 435th Air Ground Operations Wing
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Lineage

  • Constituted as 435th Troop Carrier Group on 30 Jan 1943
Activated on 25 Feb 1943
Inactivated on 15 Nov 1945.
  • Allotted to the reserve. Activated on 15 Jul 1947
Redesignated 435th Troop Carrier Group (Medium) in Jun 1949
Ordered to active service on 1 Mar 1951
Relieved from active duty and inactivated, on 1 Dec 1952
  • Allotted to the reserve. Activated on 1 Dec 1952
Inactivated on 14 Apr 1959
  • Redesignated: 435th Tactical Airlift Group and activated on 1 Jul 1975
Inacivated on 23 Jun 1978
  • Reactivated on 15 Sep 1978
Inactivated on 1 Jun 1980
  • Redesignated: 435th Operations Group and activated on 1 Apr 1992
Inactivated on 1 Apr 1995.

Assignments

Components

  • 37 Tactical Airlift Squadron: 1 Oct 1977-15 Dec 1978
  • 55 Aeromedical Airlift Squadron: 31 Mar 1975-15 Dec 1978
  • 58 Tactical Airlift Squadron: 1 Sep 1977-23 Jun 1978
  • 75th Troop Carrier Squadron (SH): 25 Feb 1943-15 Nov 1945
  • 76th Troop Carrier Squadron (CW): 25 Feb 1943-15 Nov 1945; 15 Jul 1947-1 Dec 1952; 1 Dec 1952-14 Apr 1959
  • 77th Troop Carrier Squadron (IB): 25 Feb 1943-15 Nov 1945; 15 Jul 1947-1 Dec 1952; 1 Dec 1952-14 Apr 1959
  • 78th Troop Carrier Squadron (CM): 25 Feb 1943-15 Nov 1945; 15 Jul 1947-1 Dec 1952; 1 Dec 1952-24 Mar 1954; 1 Apr 1955-15 Nov 1957

Stations

Aircraft

  • C-47, 1943-1945
  • C-119, 1947-1952; 1947-1949
  • C-46, 1949-1951; 1952-1957
  • C-130, 1975-1980
  • C-9, 1992-1993
  • VC-135, 1977-1978
  • VC-140, 1977-1978
  • C-12, 1978
  • CT-39, 1978
  • C-141, 1994

Operations

World War II

Emblem of the 435th Troop Carrier Group
76th Troop Carrier Squadron C-47 landing

Used C-47's and C-53's in preparing for duty overseas with Ninth Air Force. Moved to England, Oct-Nov 1943, and began training for participation in the airborne operation over Normandy. Entered combat on D-Day 1944 by dropping paratroops of 101st Airborne Division near Cherbourg; towed Waco and Horsa gliders carrying reinforcements to that area on the afternoon of D-Day and on the following morning; received a Distinguished Unit Citation for its part in the Normandy invasion.

Began transport services following the landings in France and intermittently engaged in missions of this type until V-E Day; hauled supplies such as serum, blood plasma, radar sets, clothing, rations, and ammunition, and evacuated wounded personnel to Allied hospitals.

Interrupted supply and evacuation missions to train for and participate in three major airborne assaults. A detachment that was sent to Italy in Jul 1944 for the invasion of Southern France dropped paratroops over the assault area on 15 Aug and released gliders carrying troops and equipment such as jeeps, guns, and ammunition; flew a resupply mission over France on 16 Aug; and then transported supplies to bases in Italy before returning to England at the end of the month.

In Sep 1944 the group participated in the air attack on Holland, dropping paratroops of 82d and 101st Airborne Divisions and releasing gliders carrying reinforcements.

Moved to France in Feb 1945 for the airborne assault across the Rhine; each aircraft towed two gliders in transporting troops and equipment to the east bank of the Rhine on 24 Mar; then the group flew resupply missions to Germany in support of ground forces. Transported supplies to occupation forces in Germany and evacuated Allied prisoners of war after V-E Day.

Returned to the US in Aug. Inactivated on 15 Nov 1945.

Cold War

Lockheed VC-140B-LM Jetstar 61-2491 of the 435th Tactical Airlift Group, 1978

Allocated to the Reserve and activated on 15 Jul 1947. Ordered to active service on 1 Mar 1951. Assigned to Tactical Air Command. Trained with C-119's. Relieved from active duty and inactivated, on 1 Dec 1952. Reactivated as Miami-Based reserve group. By 1956, the wing was capable of flying overseas missions, particularly in the Caribbean area to Central America. Inactivated on 14 Apr 1959 when parent unit adopted Tri-Deputate organization.

Reactivated in 1975 at Rhein-Main AB West Germany as C-130 theater transport unit for MAC in Europe. Also provided logistical and administrative support for special operations organizations at Rhein-Main. Inactivated in June 1980.

Modern era

Activated as 435th Operations Group as part of objective wing organization of 435th Airlift Wing at Rhein-Main on 1 Apr 1992. Had some C-141s assigned in 1992, however those reassigned and unit managed transient MAC (later USAFE) theater transports as well as tactical, aeromedical and OSA airlift squadrons until aerial port at Rhein-Main was inactivated along with the 435th AW in 1995.

The unit may have been redesignated as the 435th Air Expeditionary Operations Group and converted to provisional status, on 5 Feb 2001, however this has not been confirmed.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links


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