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436th Operations Group
436thoperationsgroup-emblem.jpg
Emblem of the 436th Operations Group
Active
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force Reserve
436th Operations Group Lockheed C-5B Galaxy, 87-033 "Spirit of the Tuskegee Airmen", waits for clearance to taxi out on the parking ramp at Balad Air Base, Iraq. This aircraft has since been reassigned to the 439th OG at Westover Air Reserve Base, Massachusetts, the first C-5B to be assigned to the Air Force Reserve.
Dover's first Lockheed C-5M Super Galaxy, (Modified C-5B 86-0025), "Spirit of Global Reach", arriving on 9 Feb 2009
Dover’s newest Boeing C-17A Globemaster III 07-7177 banks during a flyover before it landed on 9 Sep 2008.

The 436th Operations Group is an active United States Air Force unit. It is the flying component of the Eighteenth Air Force 436th Airlift Wing, stationed at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware.

The unit's World War II predecessor unit, the 436th Troop Carrier Group was a C-47 Skytrain transport unit assigned to Ninth Air Force in Western Europe. The group earned the Distinguished Unit Citation for its first missions June 6-7, the Normandy Invasion. On subsequent missions the 436th dropped troops and supplies and inserted gliders into Southern France and Holland. In March 1945, the unit was a part of the Allied push across the Rhine and into Germany's heartland. Following the war, the 436th evacuated patients and prisoners of war until it was inactivated in November 1945.

Contents

Overview

The 436OG consists of two flying squadrons, the 3d and 9th Airlift Squadrons, and the Operations Support Squadron. It trains on its 18 assigned Lockheed C-5 Galaxy aircraft, known as "the free world's largest airlifter," and two Boeing C-17 Globemaster III aircraft

History

For additional history and lineage, see 436th Airlift Wing
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Lineage

  • Established as 436 Troop Carrier Group on 23 Mar 1943
Activated on 1 Apr 1943
Inactivated on 15 Nov 1945
  • Activated in the Reserve on 15 Mar 1947
Redesignated 436 Troop Carrier Group, Medium, on 27 Jun 1949
Inactivated on 16 Apr 1951
  • Activated on 18 May 1955
Inactivated on 15 May 1958
Redesignated: 436 Military Airlift Group on 31 Jul 1985 (Remained inactive)
  • Redesignated: 436 Operations Group and activated on 1 Dec 1991

Assignments

Components

  • 3 Airlift Squadron: 1 Dec 1991-Present (C-17 Globemaster)
  • 9 Airlift Squadron: 1 Dec 1991-Present (C-5 Galaxy)
  • 31 Airlift: 1 Dec 1991-14 Jan 1994
  • 73 Troop Carrier: 1 Jul 1948-27 Jun 1949; 27 Jun 1949-1 Jul 1949
  • 79 Troop Carrier Squadron (S6): 1 Apr 1943-15 Nov 1945; 27 Jun 1949-16 Apr 1951; 18 May 1955-15 May 1958
  • 80 Troop Carrier Squadron (7D): 1 Apr 1943-15 Nov 1945; 1 Aug 1947-1 Jul 1948; 27 Jun 1949-16 Apr 1951
  • 81 Troop Carrier Squadron (U5): 1 Apr 1943-15 Nov 1945; 26 May 1947-1 Jul 1948; 27 Jun 1949-16 Apr 1951; 22 Aug 1955-16 Nov 1957
  • 82 Troop Carrier Squadron (3D): 1 Apr 1943-15 Nov 1945; 10 Aug 1947-27 Jun 1949; 27 Jun 1949-16 Apr 1951
  • 316 Troop Carrier: 15 Mar 1947-27 Jun 1949.

Stations

Aircraft

  • C-47, 1943-1945; 1949-1951
  • C-45, 1949; 1955-1957
  • T-33, 1955
  • C-119, 1957
  • C-5, 1991-Present
  • C-17, 2007-Present

Operations

World War II

Emblem of the 436th Troop Carrier Group
436th Troop Carrier Group Douglas C-47s and CG-4A Waco Gliders lined up on the runway at Membury Airfield, September 1944, prior to deployment to the Netherlands during Operation Market-Garden

The 436th trained for duty in Europe with the Ninth Air Force during 1943. It continued training in England from January-May 1944. The group began combat operations in June 1944 and participated in four major airborne operations by May 1945.

The 436th received a Distinguished Unit Citation for its first missions, which were flown during the Normandy invasion; dropping paratroops of 82d Airborne Division over the beachhead early on 6 June; releasing gliders with reinforcement of troops and supplies on the afternoon of D-Day and on the following morning; later picking up undamaged gliders on the coast.

In July 1944, the group deployed 49 aircraft and crews to Italy to take part in the invasion of Southern France, again releasing gliders carrying , and dropping paratroops in the assault area on 15 August. It flew several resupply missions to France and then dropped supplies to Allied forces in Italy.

The deployed element returned to England late in August, and in September the group carried out airborne operations over the Netherlands, dropping paratroops of 101st Airborne Division and releasing gliders with reinforcements of troops and equipment during Operation Market Garden.

It towed gliders to Wesel on 24 March 1945 to provide troops for the airborne assault across the Rhine. Further, it carried gasoline to the front lines and evacuated patients, 30-31 March. The 436th also flew transport missions almost daily when not engaged in airborne operations, hauling such things as gasoline, ammunition, medical supplies, rations, clothing, and evacuated the wounded to hospitals in England and France.

After V-E Day, the group continued to evacuate patients and prisoners of war, and flew practice missions with French paratroops before being redeployed to the U.S. and deactivated.

Cold War

Trained primarily with C-47s in the Reserves Jun 1949-Apr 1951, ordered to active service during Korean War and inactivated almost immediately, personnel serving as fillers for other USAF units. Trained again in the Reserves, 1955-1958, being inactivated when parent unit adopted Air Force Tri-Deputate organization.

Modern era

Activated in 1991 when 436 AW implemented Objective orgazation plan, assigning all operational flying squadrons to Operations Group. Began flying worldwide airlift, including mail and other high priority cargo, aeromedical evacuation, personnel transport, and humanitarian and diplomatic missions.

Served as the only combat-ready C-5 unit capable of airdrop and special operations procedures in support of tactical forces and national objectives. Provided special mortuary airlift missions from Iraq and Afghanistan 2001 to present. Provided strategic global airlift capability for the worldwide support of contingency and emergency war plans required to support Department of Defense objectives. This was expertly demonstrated by its support in airlifting troops, equipment and supplies in response to the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.

The 436 OG functions as the "big horses" in the logistics chain for the war on terrorism and is currently playing a major role in aerial resupply for Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924
  • Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.
  • 436th Operations Group
  • Aircraft Serial Number Search

External links


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