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43d Operations Group
43d Operations Group.jpg
Shield of the 43d Operations Group.
Active November 20, 1940 - present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Commanders
Current
commander
Col Don Kimminau
Lockheed C-130E-LM Hercules (64-0499) of the 43d Operations Group, Pope AFB

The 43d Operations Group (43 OG) is the operational flying component of the United States Air Force 43d Airlift Wing. It is stationed at Pope Air Force Base, North Carolina, and is assigned to the Air Mobility Command (AMC) Eighteenth Air Force.

The unit is Air Mobility Command's only active-duty C-130 Hercules group and is composed of two flying squadrons, an aerial port squadron, the only active Air Force aeromedical evacuation squadron, and an operations support squadron.

The unit's World War II predecessor unit, the 43d Bombardment Group, operated primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater as a B-17 Flying Fortress, and later a B-24 Liberator heavy bomber unit assigned to Fifth Air Force. It was awarded two United States Distinguished Unit Citations and the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for its combat service in China; Netherlands East Indies; New Guinea; the Bismark Archipelago; the Western Pacific; Leyte, Luzon, and Okinawa.

On 1 October 1946, the 43d became one of the original ten bombardment groups of Strategic Air Command. It conducted long-range test missions, including the first nonstop flight around the world (26 Feb-2 Mar 1949), accomplished in "Lucky Lady II", a B-50A (46-10) commanded by Capt James G Gallagher.

Contents

Overview

The 43 OG is part of the air force component of United States Transportation Command. It provides airlift, special missions, and tactical aeromedical evacuation for U.S. troops and regional Unified Commands using C-130 Hercules aircraft. It is composed of the following squadrons:

History

For additional history and lineage, see 43d Airlift Wing
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Lineage

  • Established as 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy) on November 20, 1940
Activated on January 15, 1941
Redesignated 43d Bombardment Group, Heavy, on September 21, 1943
Inactivated on April 29, 1946
  • Redesignated 43d Bombardment Group, Very Heavy, and activated, on October 1, 1946.
Redesignated 43d Bombardment Group, Medium, on July 2, 1948
Inactivated on June 16, 1952
  • Redesignated 43d Operations Group, and activated, on June 1, 1992
Inactivated on July 1, 1994
  • Activated on April 1, 1997.

Assignments

Attached to 3d Air Division, August 16 – November 16, 1949

Components

  • 2d Airlift Squadron: April 1, 1997 – Present
  • 2d Air Refueling Squadron: attached July 1, 1949 – September 16, 1950
  • 41st Airlift Squadron: April 1, 1997 – April 9, 2007[1]
  • 28th Air Refueling Squadron: June 1, 1992 – May 15, 1994
  • 43d Air Refueling Squadron: July 19, 1948 – June 16, 1952. It was detached from February 10, 1951 – June 16, 1952).
  • 43d Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron: April 1, 1997 – Present
  • 63d Bombardment Squadron: January 15, 1941 – April 29, 1946; October 1, 1946 – June 16, 1952 (it was detached from February 10, 1951 – June 16, 1952)
  • 64th Bombardment Squadron: January 15, 1941 – April 29, 1946; October 1, 1946 – June 16, 1952 (it was detached from February 10, 1951 – June 16, 1952)
  • 65th Bombardment Squadron: January 15, 1941 – April 29, 1946; October 1, 1946 – June 16, 1952 (it was detached from February 10, 1951 – June 16, 1952)
  • 91st Air Refueling Squadron: June 1, 1992 – July 1, 1994
  • 97th Air Refueling Squadron: October 1, 1992 – April 1, 1994
  • 307th Air Refueling Squadron: attached September 16, 1950 – February 9, 1951
  • 350th Air Refueling Squadron: October 1, 1993 – July 1, 1994
  • 403d Bombardment Squadron: January 15, 1941 – April 29, 1946
  • 905th Air Refueling Squadron: July 1 – October 1, 1993
  • 906th Air Refueling Squadron: June 1, 1992 – January 30, 1994
  • 917th Air Refueling Squadron: October 1, 1993 – July 1, 1994

Stations

Deployed at RAF Marham, England, August 16 – November 16, 1949

Aircraft

Operations

The 43d trained for bombardment operations during most of 1941. From December 1941 – February 1942, it flew antisubmarine patrols along the New England coast.

It then moved to the Southwest Pacific via Cape Town, South Africa, from February–March 1942. It then attacked Japanese shipping in the Netherlands East Indies and the Bismarck Archipelago from bases in Australia, New Guinea, and Owi Island between August 1942 and November 1944. While there it earned a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for missions over Papua, New Guinea from August 1942 – January 1943. The unit used skip bombing to sink Japanese ships during the Battle of the Bismarck Sea, March 2–4, 1943, for which the unit earned a second DUC. It also provided support for ground forces on New Guinea and attacked airfields and other enemy installations in New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago, Yap, Palau, and the southern Philippines in 1943 and 1944. The group conducted long-range raids on oil refineries on Ceram and Borneo late in the war. After moving to the Philippines in November 1944, the group attacked shipping along the Asiatic coast and struck factories, airfields, and other installations in China and on Formosa. It also supported ground forces on Luzon. The unit moved to Ie Shima in July 1945, from which it conducted raids against airfields and railways in Japan and against shipping in the Inland Sea and the Sea of Japan. It was moved on paper to the Philippines in December 1945 and inactivated in April 1946.

During the next period of activation, between October 1946 and February 1951, the group trained and conducted long-range test missions, including the first nonstop flight around the world (February 26 – March 2, 1949), accomplished by Capt James G. Gallagher and his crew in a B-50 called Lucky Lady II. The group deployed to England for training, August–November 1949. It was not operational after February 10, 1951, and the flying squadrons attached directly to the 43d Wing for operations. Inactivated on June 16, 1952.

Between June 1992 and July 1, 1994, the group flew air refueling missions in training exercises. In 1997, it assumed an airlift mission. It cooperated with U.S. Army airborne organizations at nearby Fort Bragg, taking part with them in joint training exercises. Crews and aircraft deployed to Europe and later to Southwest Asia to support contingency operations such as enforcement of no-fly zones over Iraq and for expeditionary force rotations. After terrorist attacks on the U.S. on September 11, 2001, deployed resources in the Global War on Terror.

See also

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ [1]

External links


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