447th Air Expeditionary Group: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

447th Air Expeditionary Group
447th Air Expeditionary Group.png
Unofficial 447th Air Expeditionary Group emblem
Active 1943-1945; 1947-1951; 2003-Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Garrison/HQ Sather AB, Iraq
Commanders
Current
commander
Col. David Pavey
Notable
commanders
Hunter Harris, Jr.
1st Lt. Matheew Lundeen (left) and Maj. Mark Thompson, pilots from the 817th Expeditionary Airlift Squadron, Mildenhall Air Base, England walk around their C-17 Globemaster III while it is parked on the flight line during a dust storm on April 17, 2008. The dust storm reduced visibility to 100 meters and stopped all air traffic at Sather Air Base.
Lockheed C-130H Hercules 74-1667 of the 317th Airlift Group, Dyess AFB TX being unloaded despite a dust storm at Sather Air Base, Iraq.

The 447th Air Expeditionary Group (447 AEG) is a provisional United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Combat Command United States Air Forces Central. The unit presently is stationed at Sather Air Base on Baghdad International Airport in Iraq.

During World War II, its predecessor unit, the 447th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was a Eighth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortress unit in England, stationed at RAF Rattlesden. During Big Week, 20-25 Feb 1944, the 447th took part in the intensive campaign of heavy bombers against the German aircraft industry.

2d Lieutenant Robert E. Femoyer was awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions during a mission over Merseburg, Germany, on 2 November 1944.

Contents

Overview

The 447th AEG provides aerial port, command and control of the military runway, aerial control, base operating support, combat Airmen and combat medical support. The group also supports U.S. and coalition forces with airlift, supplies and delivery of these forces and materials within the Baghdad area. The 447th operates a true joint environment, with Air Force aerial port Airmen working next to U.S. Army Soldiers. The airfield is a joint civilian-military airport, with a military ramp on the west side and a civilian runway and terminal on the other that is used for international civilian flight operations.

Squadrons assigned

The 447th Air Expeditionary Group’s forces are organized under seven squadrons:

  • 447th Expeditionary Communications Squadron (447 ECS)
  • 447th Expeditionary Civil Engineering Squadron (447 ECES)
  • 447th Expeditionary Force Support Squadron (447 EFSS)
  • 447th Expeditionary Logistics Rediness Squadron (447 ELRS)
  • 447th Expeditionary Medical Squadron (447 EMEDS)
  • 447th Expeditionary Operations Support Squadron (447 EOSS)
  • 447th Expeditionary Security Forces Squadron (447 ESFS)

History

Advertisements

Lineage

  • Constituted as 447th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 6 Apr 1943
Activated on 1 May 1943
Inactivated on 7 Nov 1945.
  • Redesignated 447th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) and activated in the reserve on 12 Aug 1947
Redesignated 447th Bombardment Group (Medium) in Jun 1949
Ordered to active duty on 1 May 1951
Inactivated on 16 Jun 1951.
  • Redesignated 447th Air Expeditionary Group, and converted to provisional status on 28 Jan 2003
Activated in Apr 2003

Assignments

Components

  • 708th Bombardment Squadron (CQ): 1 May 1943-7 Nov 1945; 12 Aug 1947-15 Jun 1951
  • 709th Bombardment Squadron (IE): 1 May 1943-7 Nov 1945; 10 Nov 1947-27 Jun 1949
  • 710th Bombardment Squadron (IJ): 1 May 1943-7 Nov 1945
  • 711th Bombardment Squadron (IR): 1 May 1943-7 Nov 1945

Stations

Aircraft

Operations

World War II

Boeing B-17G-45-BO Fortress 42-97392 711th BS, 'Ramblin Wreck' (IR-F) Returned to the United States and was eventually scrapped at Kingman RFC
Boeing B-17G-35-BO Fortress 42-32081 708th BS 'Yellow Cab' (CQ-N) Hit by flak over the target area at Hamburg on 4 Nov 1954. Lt. Junior Adams appeared to keep with the formation but the aircraft crashed into the North Sea killing all nine on board.

The 447th AEG traces its lineage back to the 447th Bombardment Group, which was established on April 6, 1943, and activated on May 1, 1943 at Ephrata Army Air Base, Washington. The group consisted of four squadrons: the 708th, 709th, 710th and 711th Bombardment Squadrons.

The mission of the 447th was to form a heavy bombardment group and begin training in the B-17 Flying Fortress aircraft. After six months of training, first at Rapid City Army Air Base, South Dakota, in June 1943 and then at Harvard Army Air Field, Nebraska, in August 1943, the first 42 of the group's B-17s began its move from the United States to the European theater of operations in November 1943. The unit sailed on the Queen Elizabeth on the 23rd of November 1943 and arrived Clyde on the 29th of November 1943. The Air ecelon moved overseas via southern ferry route in early November 1943.

The group was stationed at RAF Rattlesden, England, from Nov. 25, 1943 to Aug. 1, 1945. The group flew its first combat mission on Dec 24, 1943 against a V-1 missile site in Northern France. Between its first mission and it last on April 21, 1945, the 447th engaged chiefly in strategic bombardment. The group flew 257 combat missions over Europe, comprising 7,605 sorties. Only 15 percent of the aircraft launched on combat missions failed to reach their target.

From December 1943 to May 1944, the 447th helped prepare for the invasion of the European continent by attacking submarine pens, naval installations, and cities in Germany; missile sites and ports in France; and airfields and marshaling yards in France, Belgium and Germany. The group conducted heavy bombardment missions against German aircraft industry during Big Week, Feb. 20 to 25, 1944.

The group supported the invasion of Normandy in June 1944 by bombing airfields and other targets, and the group aided in the breakthrough at St. Lo, France, and the effort to take Brest, France, from July to September 1944. They bombed strategic targets from October to December 1944 and assaulted marshalling yards, railroad bridges and communication centers during the Battle of the Bulge from December 1944 and January 1945. In March 1945 the group bombed an airfield in support of airborne assault across the Rhine.

One group member received the Medal of Honor, 2nd Lt. Robert E. Femoyer, who was navigator assigned the 711th Bombing Squadron. During a mission over Merseburg, Germany, on Nov. 2, 1944, the bomber was struck by three enemy antiaircraft shells. The plane suffered serious damage and Lieutenant Feymoywer was severely wounded in the side and back by shell fragments. In spite of extreme pain and loss of blood, he refused an offered injection of morphine. He was determined to keep his mental faculties clear so he could direct his plane out of danger and save his comrades. Unable to get up from the floor, he was propped up on the floor with his charts and instruments. He successfully directed the navigation of his lone bomber for two and a half hours, avoiding enemy flak and returning to the field without further damage. Only when the plane had arrived in the safe area over the English Channel did the lieutenant permit an injection of a sedative. He died shortly after being removed from the plane.

Cold War

Redeployed to the United states during June/August 1945. The air echelon departed the United Kingdom on 29/30 June 1945. Ground echelon sailed part on USAT Joseph T. Robinson and part on USAT Benjamin R. Milam from Liverpool on 1 and 3 August 1945 respectively. Ships arrived Boston on the 12 and 15 August 1945. Personnel had 30 days R&R. Group was established at Drew Field, Florida in August 1945, but apparently was unmanned, and inactivated on the 7 November 1945.

Two years later, on July 25, 1947, the 447th was redesignated the 447th Bombardment Group, Very Heavy. It was activated in the Air Force Reserve on Aug. 12, 1947, at Bergstrom Field, Texas, and equipped with B-29 Superfortress. The group was redesignated as the 447th Bombardment Group, Medium as a result of the B-29 being designated as a "medium" bomber and reassigned to Castle Air Force Base, California. The 447th was ordered to active service in May 1951 as a result of the Korean War. Personnel and equipment reassigned to units in Far East Air Force as replacements. Inactivated as a "paper unit" on June 16, 1951.

Modern era

The group was redesignated the 447th Air Expeditionary Group and converted to provisional status on Jan. 28, 2003. The 447th AEG was activated at Baghdad International Airport in April 2003, after elements of the U.S. Army's 3rd Infantry Division captured the airport April 4 of the same year. The base was named Sather Air Base on April 8, 2005 in honor of Air Force Staff Sergeant Scott D. Sather, who was killed two years prior in combat during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Sergeant Sather, of Clio, Michigan, was an Air Force Special Operations combat controller serving with the 24th Special Tactics Squadron, Pope Air Force Base, North Carolina.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message