449th Air Expeditionary Group: Wikis

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449th Air Expeditionary Group
449th Bombardment Wing.PNG
Emblem of the 449th Bomb Wing (SAC)
Active 1943–Current
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Garrison/HQ Camp Lemonier, Djibouti
Engagements
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg Vietnam Service Ribbon.svg Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary ribbon.svg
  • World War II
European Campaign (1942–1945)
  • Vietnam Service (1965–1973)
  • Global War on Terrorism (Dates Undetermined)
Campaigns Undetermined
DJIBOUTI, Africa (AFPN) -- Airmen from the 449th Expeditionary Rescue Squadron prepare an HC-130 for a Combined Task Force-Horn of Africa mission. The New York Air National Guardsmen are from the 102nd Rescue Squadron, the oldest ANG unit. While deployed to Djibouti, Africa, the unit performed pararescue drops, air refueling for Marine CH-53s and stayed on alert, ready to recover any downed servicemembers
A pararescueman jumps from an HC-130 during a training mission recently. The Airman is from the 131st Rescue Squadron, which works hand in hand with the 449th Expeditionary Rescue Squadron.

The 449th Air Expeditionary Wing (449 AEW) is a provisional United States Air Force unit assigned to the United States Air Forces in Europe Seventeenth Air Force. It may be activated or inactivated at any time. It was last known to be stationed at Camp Lemonier, Djibouti.

Its assignment was to support the Africa Command and Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa mission supporting humanitarian objectives. Sibling organizations are the 294th Infantry Battalion; 1st Battalion, 3d Infantry Regiment and various Explosive Ordinance Disposal Teams. It's current status is undetermined as the task of developing a comprehensive listing of air expeditionary wing (AEW) and group (AEG) units present in Southwest Asia and other combat areas is particularly difficult as the events of 11 September 2001 and the Global War on Terrorism has made such an effort significantly difficult. The USAF seeks to improve operational security (OPSEC) and to deceive potential enemies as to the extent of American operations, therefore a listing of which units deploying where and when is unavailable.

The groups origins begin as the World War II 449th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 6 Apr 1943. Activated on 1 May 1943. Prepared for combat with B-24 Liberator heavy bombers. Moved to Italy, Dec 1943-Jan 1944, and assigned to the 47th Bombardment Wing of the Fifteenth Air Force. The group operated primarily as a strategic bombardment organization, attacking such targets as oil refineries, communications centers, aircraft factories, and industrial areas in Italy, Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Rumania, Bulgaria, Albania, and Greece. Inactivated on 4 August 1946

Reactivated in 1962 as the 449th Bombardment Wing, Heavy, the unit replaced the 4239th Strategic Wing and assumed a mission of training for strategic bombardment flying B-52 Stratofortresses as part of Strategic Air Command. The unit inactivated on 30 November 1977 with the closure of Kincheloe AFB, Michigan.

Contents

History

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Lineage

  • Constituted as 449th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 6 April 1943
Activated on 1 May 1943.
Redesignated 449th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) on 29 May 1945
Inactivated on 4 August 1946
  • Established as 449th Fighter-Bomber Wing on 23 March 1953
Redesignated 449th Bombardment Wing, Heavy, and activated, on 15 November 1962
Organized on 1 February 1963
Inactivated on 30 September 1977.
  • Redesignated: 449th Air Expeditionary Group and converted to provisional status in 2003.
Activated and inactivated on undetermined dates.

Assignments

47th Bombardment Wing: 11 December 1943 – 15 May 1945
  • Continental Air Forces
Second Air Force, 29 May 1945 – 21 March 1946
40th Air Division, 1 February 1963 – 30 September 1977
Attached to United States Air Forces Central, 2003
Attached to Seventeenth Air Force, 1 Oct 2008 - Present

Stations

Components

Squadrons

  • 716th Bombardment: 1943–1946, 1 February 1963 – 30 September 1977
  • 717th Bombardment: 1943–1946
  • 718th Bombardment: 1943–1946
  • 719th (later 46th) Bombardment: 1943–1946
  • 908th Air Refueling: 1 July 1963 – 30 September 1977

Aircraft & Missiles Operated

History

World War II

449thbg-emblem.jpg

Constituted as 449th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 6 Apr 1943. Activated on 1 May 1943. Prepared for combat with B-24's. Moved to Italy, Dec 1943-Jan 1944, and assigned to the 47th Bombardment Wing of the Fifteenth Air Force.

Operated primarily as a strategic bombardment organization, attacking such targets as oil refineries, communications centers, aircraft factories, and industrial areas in Italy, Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Rumania, Bulgaria, Albania, and Greece.

Received a DUC for a mission on 4 April 1944 when the group, flying without escort, raided marshalling yards in Bucharest; although heavily outnumbered by German fighters, the group succeeded not only in bombing the target but also in destroying many of the enemy interceptors. Received another DUC for action on 9 July 1944 when the group flew through heavy smoke and intense enemy fire to attack an oil refinery at Ploesti. Other operations of the group included bombing gun emplacements in southern France in preparation for the invasion in August 1944, and attacking troop concentrations, bridges, and viaducts in April 1945 to assist Allied forces in northern Italy.

Returned to the USA in May 1945. Redesignated 449th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy). Trained with B-17 Flying Fortress, B-25 Mitchell, and B-29 Superfortress aircraft. Assigned to Strategic Air Command on 21 March 1946. Inactivated on 4 August 1946.[1]

Cold War

Replaced the 4239th Strategic Wing and assumed a mission of training for strategic bombardment on 1 February 1963. Added air refueling to the mission in July 1963. Supported Strategic Air Command (SAC) combat operations in Southeast Asia by furnishing KC-135 aircraft and crews, November 1965 – December 1975, and B-52 crews, May 1968 – June 1975. Responsible for phasing down Kincheloe AFB, Michigan for closure as part of a post-Vietnam Reduction in Force of USAF and SAC, circa July–September 1977. Inactivated concurrent with the closure of Kincheloe AFB in September 1977.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Notes

  1. ^ Maurer 1983, p. 323.

Bibliography

  • Caplan, Laura. Domain of Heroes: The Medical Journal, Writings, and Story of Dr. Leslie Caplan. Published by the author, 2004.
  • Currier, Donald R., Lt Col. USAF (Retd.). 50 Mission Crush. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: Burd Street Press, 1992.
  • Gann, Harvey E. Escape I Must, World War II Prisoner of War in Germany. Austin, Texas: Woodburner Press, 1995.
  • Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-912799-02-1.
  • Maurer, Maurer. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force: World War II. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1982.
  • O'Neil, Myles. Ploesti Raiders. Chicago, Illinois: Adams Press, 1993.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories, 1947–1977. Maxwell Air Force Base, Montgomery, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1984. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
  • Rust, Kenn C. Fifteenth Air Force Story...In World War II. Temple City, California: Historical Aviation Album, 1976. ISBN 0-911852-79-4.
  • Shepard, D. William. Of Men and Wings: The First 100 Missions of the 449th Bomb, January to July 1944. Panama City, Florida: Norfield Publishing, 1996.
  • Turner, Damon (ed.). "Tucson to Grottaglie": A History of the 449th Bomb Group, Forty-seventh Wing, Fifteenth Air Force: A Group History, Book I. Collegiate Press, 1985.
  • Turner, Damon (ed.). "From Grottaglie": A History of the 449th Bomb Group, Forty-seventh Wing, Fifteenth Air Force: A Group History, Book II. Collegiate Press, 1985.
  • Members Of The 449th Bomb Group Association. "Grottaglie and Home": A History of the 449th Bomb Group, Forty-seventh Wing, Fifteenth Air Force: A Group History, Book III. Collegiate Press, 1989 (Reprinted by Turner Publishing).
  • Members Of The 449th Bomb Group Association. "Maximum Effort": A History of the 449th Bomb Group, 15th Air Force, 47th Wing. Book IV. Panama City, Florida: Norfield Publishing, 2000.
  • Members Of The 449th Bomb Group Association. Planes of the 449th Bomb Group in World War II (Nose Art & Plane History Collection of the 449TH Bomb Group Association). Panama City, Florida: Norfield Publishing, 2001.
  • Yedlin, Benedict and Alexander Jeffers. Brother Men Who Fly: A World War II Gunner's Personal Quest. Princeton, New Jersey: Liberator Crew Productions, 2002.

External links


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