44th United States Congress: Wikis

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44th United States Congress
USCapitol1869.jpg
United States Capitol (1869)

Duration: March 4, 1875 – March 4, 1877

President of the Senate: Henry Wilson (Mar-Nov 1875)
Vacant (1875-1877)
President pro tempore: Thomas W. Ferry
Speaker of the House: James G. Blaine
Michael C. Kerr
Members: 76 Senators
293 Representatives
9 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
1st: December 6, 1875 – August 15, 1876
2nd: December 4, 1876 – March 3, 1877
<43rd 45th>

The Forty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1875 to March 4, 1877, during the last two years of the second administration of U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Ninth Census of the United States in 1870. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Dates of sessions

March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1877

  • Special Session of the Senate: March 5, 1875 – March 24, 1875
  • First session: December 6, 1875 - August 15, 1876
  • Second session: December 4, 1876 - March 3, 1877 — a lame duck session

Previous: 43rd Congress • Next: 45th Congress

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

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Senate

TOTAL members: 76

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 293

Leadership

President of the Senate
Vice President
Henry Wilson
Senate
House of Representatives

Major events

Major legislation

States admitted

  • August 1, 1876 — Colorado was admitted as a state into the Union.

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

See also: 44th United States Congress - political parties
See also: 44th United States Congress - State Delegations
See also: United States House elections, 1874

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1880; Class 2 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1876; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1878.

See also: Category:United States Senators
See also: Category:United States congressional delegations by state
Alabama
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin
President pro tempore
Thomas W. Ferry

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

See also: Category:Members of the United States House of Representatives
See also: Category:United States congressional delegations by state
Alabama
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Speaker of the House
Michael C. Kerr
Speaker of the House
Samuel J. Randall

Delegates

Arizona Territory
Colorado Territory
Dakota Territory
Idaho Territory
Montana Territory
New Mexico Territory
Utah Territory
Washington Territory
Wyoming Territory

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate
  • replacements: 4
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 1
  • vacancy: 1
  • interim appointments: 3
  • seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 7
House of Representatives
  • replacements: 14
  • deaths: 9
  • resignations: 6
  • contested election: 5
  • seats of newly admitted states: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 21

Officers

Senate
Other
House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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