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493d Bombardment Group: Wikis

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493d Bombardment Group
493dbombgroup-emblem.jpg
493d Bombardment Group Insignia
Active 1942 - 1946
Country United States
Branch United States Army Air Forces
Role Bombardment
Part of Eighth Air Force
Garrison/HQ European Theatre of World War II

The 493d Bombardment Group is an inactive United States Army Air Force unit. Its last assignment was to the Army Service Forces, being stationed at Sioux Falls Army Air Field, South Dakota. It was inactivated on 28 August 1945.

During World War II, the group was a Eighth Air Force heavy bombardment unit in England, stationed at RAF Debach. The group flew its last combat mission, an attack on marshalling yards at Nauen, on 20 April 1945.

Contents

History

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Lineage

  • Constituted as 493d Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 14 Sep 1943
Activated on 1 Nov 1943
Inactivated on 28 Aug 1945

Assignments

Components

Stations

Aircraft Flown

Operations

B-24s of the 862d Bomb Squadron getting ready for takeoff at Debach.
Boeing B-17G-85-BO Fortress Serial 43-38395 of the 493d Bomb Group.

Constituted as 493d Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 14 Sep 1943. Activated on 1 Nov 1943. On 1 Jan 1944 transferred, less the air echelon and without personnel and equipment, to RAF Debach England where personnel were assigned. Joined by the air echelon in May 1944. Served in combat with the Eighth Air Force. The 493d was assigned to the 93d Combat Bombardment Wing, and the group tail code was a "Square-H".

The 493d BG used B-24's until they were replaced with B-17's in September 1944. The group operated chiefly against industrial and military installations in Germany, attacking an ordnance depot at Magdeburg, marshalling yards at Cologne, synthetic oil plants at Merseburg, a railroad tunnel at Ahrweiler, bridges at Irlich, factories at Frankfurt, and other strategic objectives.

Additional operations included striking airfields, bridges, and gun batteries prior to and during the invasion of Normandy in June 1944; hitting enemy positions to assist ground forces south of Caen and at Saint-Lô in July 1944; bombing German fortifications to cover the airborne attack on Holland in September 1944; attacking enemy communications during the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944-Jan 1945; and assisting the airborne assault across the Rhine in March 1945.

The 493d Bomb Group flew its last combat mission, an attack on marshalling yards at Nauen, on 20 April 1945.

The unit returned to Sioux Falls AAF South Dakota and was deactivated on 28 August 1945.

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Freeman, Roger A. (1978) Airfields of the Eighth: Then and Now. After the Battle ISBN 0900913096
  • Freeman, Roger A. (1991) The Mighty Eighth: The Colour Record. Cassell & Co. ISBN 0-304-35708-1
  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.

External links


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