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498th Tactical Missile Group: Wikis

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498th Tactical Missile Group
498thmissilegoup-emblem.jpg
Emblem of the 498th Tactical Missile Group
Active 1943-1946; 1961-1969
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force

The 498th Tactical Missile Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the Pacific Air Forces, being stationed at Kadena Air Base, Okinawa. It was inactivated on 8 July 1969.

The unit's World War II predecessor unit, the 498th Bombardment Group engaged in very heavy (B-29 Superfortress) bombardment operations against Japan as part of Twentieth Air Force. It's aircraft were identified by a "T" and a square painted on the tail. Retuning to the United States in late 1945, it was one of the founding units of Strategic Air Command, but was inactivated due to budgetary reasons in 1946.

Contents

History

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Lineage

  • Constituted as 498th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) on 19 Nov 1943
Activated on 20 Nov 1943
Inactivated on 4 Aug 1946
  • Redesignated as 498th Tactical Missile Group and activated 8 Feb 1961
Inactivated on 8 Jul 1969

Assignments

Attached to 17th Bombardment Operational Training Wing (Very Heavy), 13 Apr-13 Jul 1944

Components

  • 514th Bombardment Squadron, 1945-4 Aug 1946
  • 873d Bombardment (later Tactical Missile) Squadron, 20 Nov 1943-4 Aug 1946; 8 Feb 1961-8 Jul 1969
  • 874th Bombardment (later Tactical Missile)Squadron, 20 Nov 1943-4 Aug 1946; 8 Feb 1961-8 Jul 1969
  • 875h Bombardment Squadron, 20 Nov 1943-4 Aug 1946
  • 876th Bombardment Squadron, 20 Nov 1943-4 Aug 1946

Stations

Operations

Established in November 1943 at Clovis AAF, New Mexico and trained under Second Air Force. At Clovis the group was organized and obtained its initial training on the B-29. After completion, it was reassigned to Great Bend AAF, Kansas on April 13, 1944 where it received new aircraft from Boeing-Wichita.

The 498th was assigned to the 73d Bombardment Wing and it deployed to the Pacific Theater, arriving at Saipan on September 6, 1944. It was assigned to the XXI Bomber Command, Twentieth Air Force.

The group began operations with its first combat missions against Iwo Jima and the Truk Islands. Took part in the first attack (November 24, 1944) on Japan by AAF planes based in the Marianas. Conducted numerous attacks against industrial targets in Japan, flying in daylight and at high altitude to carry out these missions.

Received a Distinguished Unit Citation for striking an aircraft engine plant at Nagoya on December 13, 1944. Began flying missions at night in March 1945, operating from low altitude to drop incendiaries on area targets in Japan. The 498th BG received second DUC for incendiary raids. on urban industries near Kobe and Osaka during June 1945. Operations also included strikes against Japanese airfields during the Allied invasion of Okinawa in April 1945.

Strategic Air Command

The group returned to the United States in November, 1945, being assigned initially to March Field, California, then to MacDill Field, Florida on January 5, 1946. It was assigned to the Third Air Force of Continental Air Forces which would later evolve into the Strategic Air Command on March 21, 1946.

Demobilization, however, was in full swing and the group turned in its aircraft and was inactivated on August 4, 1946. Many of the assets of the group eventually went to the Strategic Air Command's Fifteenth Air Force 307th Bombardment Group, which was activated at MacDill on August 4.

Pacific Air Forces

The unit was briefly reactivated as the 498th Tactical Missile Group at Kadena Air Base, Okinawa on February 8, 1961. Two squadrons, the 873d and 874th were equipped with the TM-76B Mace Surface to Surface Missile. The unit was inactivated on July 8, 1969.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • 498th Tactical Missile Group

External links


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