50th Operations Group: Wikis


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50th Operations Group
The group uses the wing emblem with the group designation in the scroll.
Active 1940-1957; 1992-Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Garrison/HQ Schriever AFB

The 50th Operations Group (50 OG) is a component of the 50th Space Wing, assigned to the United States Air Force Space Command. The group is stationed at Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado.

The group's World War II predecessor unit, the 50th Fighter Group was assigned to Ninth Air Force in England, flying its first combat mission on 1 May 1944. During combat operations over Western Europe, the unit received two Distinguished Unit Citations before ending combat operations in May 1945.



The 50th Operations Group stood up at Falcon AFB Jan. 30, 1992, the same day as the 50th Space Wing. When 50th OG activated, its crews—formerly the crews of the 1002d Operations Group -- monitored satellites during launch operations, maneuvered them into proper orbits and maintained their health in space.

It commands and controls, executes launch and early orbit operations, and provides operational support to more than 170 satellites which support the president, the secretary of defense, federal and civilian agencies and all U.S. and allied military forces.

It comprises over 1,100 active duty, reserve, and civilian professionals, and provides operational leadership, trains space operations crews and provides standardization and evaluation to more than 500 space system operators.

The group's space operations centers perform 24-hour tracking, telemetry and commanding functions during launch, early-orbit and on-orbit spacecraft operations, as well as anomaly resolution and disposal.


Global Positioning System (GPS)

The group's 2nd SOPS provides precise, three-dimensional position, velocity and timing information to military and civilian users around the globe by operating the Navstar Global Positioning System, the military's largest and the world's most widely used satellite constellation. The squadron operates and maintains the Master Control Station at Schriever AFB and a worldwide network of GPS-dedicated ground antennas and monitoring stations to provide around-the-clock command and control of the 31-satellite constellation.

Assigned units

50 OG commands the following squadrons:


For additional history and lineage, see 50th Space Wing


  • Established as 50th Pursuit Group (Interceptor) on 20 Nov 1940*
Activated on 15 Jan 1941
Redesignated: 50th Fighter Group on 15 May 1942
Redesignated: 50th Fighter Group (Special) on 28 May 1942
Redesignated: 50th Fighter Group on 21 Jan 1944
Inactivated on 7 Nov 1945
  • Activated in the Reserve on 1 Jun 1949**
Redesignated 50th Fighter-Interceptor Group on 1 May 1950
Ordered to active service on 1 Jun 1951
Inactivated on 2 Jun 1951
  • Redesignated 50th Fighter-Bomber Group on 15 Nov 1952
Activated on 1 Jan 1953
Inactivated on 8 Dec 1957
  • Redesignated: 50th Tactical Fighter Group on 31 Jul 1985 (remained inactive)
Redesignated: 50th Operations Group on 1 Jan 1992
Activated on 30 Jan 1992

Note: *Derived from Headquarters Squadron, 10th Pursuit Group (Interceptor); 11th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) and 12th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor).[1] *Became component organization of the 50th Fighter Wing, 1 Jun 1949


Under operational control of 84th Fighter Wing, 7 Apr 1944
Under operational control of 64th Fighter Wing, 1 Jan-Jun 1945



Operational History

World War II

The 50th began training on activation in 1941, then from May 1942 tested equipment and conducted training in air defense. It also trained pilots and furnished cadres to night fighter units. Later, it trained personnel in fighter tactics under simulated combat conditions.

The 50th deployed to England in April 1944, being stationed at RAF Lymington as part of the IX Fighter Command, 84th Fighter Wing. The 50th had the following operational squadrons:

It flew the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt. The group began operations by making a fighter sweep over France on 1 May. It engaged primarily in escort and dive-bombing missions for the next month. The 50th covered the invasion beaches during the invasion of Normandy on 6 and 7 June, and moved to its Advanced Landing Ground at Carentan, France (ALG A-10) on 25 June.

On the continent, the 50th attacked bridges, roads, vehicles, railways, trains, gun emplacements, and marshalling yards during the Battle of Normandy. It bombed targets in the Saint-Lô region in July and supported the subsequent drive across France.

The group assisted in stemming the German offensive in the Saar-Hardt area early in January 1945, engaged in the offensive that reduced the Colmar bridgehead in January and February and supported the drive that breached the Siegfried Line and resulted in the movement of Allied forces into southern Germany in March and April.

The 50th Fighter Group received a Distinguished Unit Citation for close cooperation with Seventh Army in March during the assault on the Siegfried Line. In spite of the hazards of enemy opposition and difficult weather conditions, the group struck enemy defenses and isolated battle areas by destroying bridges, communications, supply areas, and ammunition dumps.

The 50th received second Distinguished Unit Citation for a mission on 25 April 1945 when, despite intense antiaircraft fire, the group destroyed or damaged many enemy aircraft on an airfield southeast of Munich.

The group ended operations at Giebelstadt, Germany in May 1945, and returned to the United States in August. Assigned to Second Air Force at La Junta Army Air Field, Colorado. Was programmed for deployment to Okinawa to take part in planned Invasion of Japan. Training discontinued after Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the sudden end of the Pacific War.

Inactivated on 7 November 1945.

Cold War

North American F-86F-30-NA Sabres of the 417th Fighter-Bomber Squadron flying over Germany. Serial 52-4656 is in front.

It trained in the Reserve between Jun 1949 and Jun 1951, being a corollary of the Air Defense Command 33 Fighter (later, Fighter-Interceptor) group, 1949-1951.

In 1953, the 50th trained in jet fighters, until it moved to West Germany, where it conducted tactical operations in support of USAF, NATO, and U.S. Army forces. It accepted its first operational F-100D shortly while stationed in France shortly before its inactivation on 8 Dec 1957, and its operational units being directly assigned to the 50th Fighter-Bomber Wing.

Modern era

The 50th OG stood up at Falcon AFB Jan. 30, 1992, the same day as the 50th Space Wing. When 50th OG activated, its crews—formerly the crews of the 1002nd OG—monitored satellites during launch operations, maneuvered them into proper orbits and maintained their health in space


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129.
  • Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.

External links


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