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512th Operations Group
Emblem of the 512th Operations Group
Active 1944-1959; 1993-Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force Reserve
Garrison/HQ Dover AFB
A 709th Airlift Squadron aircrew here boards The Spirit of Global Reach (Lockheed C-5M Galaxy 86-0025) for their first local training mission on 17 Feb 2009. The aircraft arrived at Dover Air Force Base on 9 Feb and is the first of three C-5M Super Galaxies the base will receive for operational testing and evaluation.

The 512th Operations Group (512 OG) is the operational flying component of the 512th Airlift Wing, assigned to the United States Air Force Reserve. The group is stationed at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware.

During World War II as the 1st Combat Cargo Group, the group fought in the China-Burma-India Theater transporting supplies and reinforcements to and evacuating casualties flying combat operations in Burma and China assigned to the Tenth Air Force. After the war, the unit was redesignated as the 512th Troop Carrier Group (Medium) and allotted to the reserve.



The unit is the operational component of the 512th Airlift Wing, and consists of 2 airlift squadrons and 2 support squadrons. Members of the group work side-by-side their active duty counterparts in the 436th Airlift Wing. The unit flies the C-5 Galaxy


For additional history and lineage, see 512th Airlift Wing


  • Established as 1 Combat Cargo Group on 11 Apr 1944
Activated on 15 Apr 1944
Redesignated 512 Troop Carrier Group on 19 Sep 1945
Inactivated on 24 Dec 1945
  • Redesignated 512 Troop Carrier Group, Medium on 4 Aug 1949
Activated in the Reserve on 2 Sep 1949
Ordered to Active Service on 15 Mar 1951
Inactivated on 1 Apr 1951
  • Activated in the Reserve on 14 Jun 1952
Inactivated on 14 Apr 1959
  • Redesignated: 512 Military Airlift Group on 31 Jul 1985 (Remained inactive)
  • Redesignated: 512 Operations Group on 1 Aug 1992
Activated in the Reserve on 1 Aug 1992.



  • 1 Combat Cargo (later, 326 Troop Carrier; 326 Airlift) Squadron: 15 Apr 1944-16 Jun 1945; 2 Sep 1949-1 Apr 1951; 14 Jun 1952-14 Apr 1959; 1 Aug 1992-Present
  • 2 Combat Cargo (later, 327) Squadron: 15 Apr 1944-10 Sep 1945 (detached 1 Jul-10 Sep 1945); 2 Sep 1949-1 Apr 1951; 14 Jun 1952-14 Apr 1959.
  • 3 Combat Cargo (later, 328) Squadron: 15 Apr 1944-20 Dec 1945 (detached 23 Jun-20 Aug 1945 and 25 Aug-10 Nov 1945); 2 Sep 1949-1 Apr 1951; 14 Jun 1952-16 Nov 1957; 25 Mar 1958-14 Apr 1959
  • 4 Combat Cargo (later, 329) Squadron: 15 Apr 1944-8 Dec 1945 (detached 5-24 Sep 1945); 2 Sep 1949-1 Apr 1951
  • 709 Airlift Squadron: 1 Aug 1992-Present



Operational History

Emblem of the 1st Combat Cargo Group

Trained in the United States for combat cargo operations between Apr and Aug 1944. Moved to the CBI theater in Aug 1944. Began operations in Sep 1944 by transporting supplies and reinforcements to and evacuating casualties from Imphal, Burma.

Continued to support Allied operations in Burma, flying in men and supplies from India, moving equipment required to construct and operate airstrips, dropping dummy cargoes to lead the enemy away from Allied offensives, dropping paratroops for the assault on Rangoon (May 1945), and evacuating prisoners of war who were freed by Allied advances.

Meanwhile, part of the group had been sent to China, and for a short time (Dec 1944-Jan 1945) the group's headquarters was located there. Operations in China included helping to evacuate the air base at Kweilin during a Japanese drive in Sep 1944, moving Chinese troops, and flying many supply missions, some of which involved ferrying gasoline and materiel over The Hump from India.

The group, partially re-equipped with C-46 Commando's in Jun 1945, engaged primarily in transporting men, food, arms, and ammunition until the end of the war. Redesignated 512th Troop Carrier Group in Sep 1945. Returned to the US in Dec 1945. Inactivated on 24 Dec 1945.

Activated on 2 Sep 1949. Equipped with C-46's. Between Sep 1949 and Mar 1951, and again from Jun 1952-Apr 1959, trained as a Reserve troop carrier group at bases in Pennsylvania and Delaware. Activated as a result of the Korean War in 1951, personnel and equipment reassigned to active duty units in Far East Air Force to support combat operations. Unit inactivated then reconstituted as a reserve unit in 1952. Inactivated in 1959 when parent wing implemented tri-deputate organization and all operational flying squadrons reassigned directly to the wing.

Activated in 1992 when parent wing implemented objective organization. Since reactivation in Aug 1992 coordinated operations of C-5 squadrons. Personnel and squadrons of the group participated in various contingency and humanitarian airlift operations, some to Asia and Africa and in support of Global War on Terrorism since 9/11/2001.

See also


PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129.

External links


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