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514th Air Mobility Wing: Wikis

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514th Air Mobility Wing
514 AMW.jpg
Active 5 October 1944 — present
Country United States
Branch Air Force
Type Airlift
Aerial Refueling
Part of Air Force Reserve Command
Garrison/HQ McGuire Air Force Base
Decorations Outstanding Unit ribbon.svg AFOUA
Vietnam gallantry cross unit award-3d.svg RVGC w/ Palm
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel James Kerr

The 514th Air Mobility Wing (514 AMW) is a wing of the United States Air Force based out of McGuire Air Force Base, New Jersey.

Contents

Mission

History

The 514th trained in the U.S. with C-46 and C-47 aircraft before moving to India in November 1944, beginning operations in early December as part of the combined Combat Cargo Task Force. It transported reinforcements and supplies for Allied forces in Burma until May 1945. Operations included moving equipment and materials for the Ledo Road in December 1944; transporting men, mules, and boats when the Allies crossed the Ayeyarwady River in February 1945; and dropping Gurkha paratroops during the assault on Rangoon in May. The group moved to Burma in June and hauled ammunition, gasoline, mules, and men to China until the war ended.

The group trained in the Reserve for troop carrier operations, May 1947 until the establishment of the wing in 1949 and from then until February 1953 first at Birmingham, Alabama under supervision of the 2587th Air Force Reserve Training Center but moved without personnel or equipment to Mitchel Air Force Base, New York during its first year. The wing was ordered to active service in May 1951. From then until February 1953, the wing performed troop carrier missions in tactical exercises and joint training operations. It operated a C-46 combat crew training school from 15 September 1952 to 20 January 1953.

From April 1953 until 1958, it trained under the 2233d Air Force Reserve Combat Training Center (later, 2233d Air Reserve Flying Center), initially with C-46s but with C-119s by August 1954. After 1958, the wing increasingly participated in humanitarian and other airlift missions. By the mid-1960s, it was augmenting Military Air Transport Service (later, Military Airlift Command) airlift operations on a regular basis. The wing trained South Vietnamese aircrews and maintenance personnel and Greek maintenance personnel in C-119 aircraft, 10 August to 18 December 1967. In 1968, it ferried C-119s to South Vietnam. Also in 1968, two of the wing's groups began flying C-141s belonging to the 436th Military Airlift Wing at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware and the 438th Military Airlift Wing at McGuire Air Force Base, New Jersey. A third C-141 group joined the wing in September 1969, associated with the 437th Military Airlift Wing at Charleston Air Force Base, South Carolina. In 1969, the wing gained another group which flew C-9s of the 375th Aeromedical Airlift Wing. A C-119 group remained with the wing until mid-1970. In Jul 1973, its groups at Dover and Charleston were replaced by new Reserve wings, and the 514th Wing absorbed all of the squadrons of what had been its 903d Group at McGuire. Continuing to use C-141 aircraft of the active wing at McGuire Air Force Base (first the 438th and later the 305th), the wing's crews augmented Military Airlift Command units for strategic airlift missions worldwide, including contingency and humanitarian operations and took part in strategic mobility exercises for training. Operations in which crews participated were Urgent Fury to Grenada in 1983, Just Cause to Panama in 1989, and Restore Hope to Somalia in 1992. In 1993 the wing added aerial refueling to its airlift mission.

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Operations

Previous designations

  • 4th Combat Cargo Group (1944–1949)
  • 514th Troop Carrier Wing (1949–1967)
  • 514th Tactical Airlift Group (1967–1968)
  • 514th Military Airlift Wing (1968–1992)
  • 514th Airlift Wing (1992–1994)
  • 514th Air Mobility Wing (1994 – Present)

Assignments

Major command

Numbered Air Force

Subordinate organizations

514th Operations Group (514 OG)

514th Maintenance Group (514 MXG)

  • 714 Aircraft Maintenance Squadron
  • 514 Aircraft Maintenance Squadron
  • 514 Maintenance Squadron
  • 514 Maintenance Operations Flight

514th Mission Support Group (514 MSG)

Bases stationed

Aircraft operated

Unit shields

External links


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