53d Electronic Warfare Group: Wikis

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53d Electronic Warfare Group
53delectronicwfgroup-patch.jpg
Emblem of the 53d Electronic Warfare Group]]
Active 1941-1944; 1951-1982; 1993-Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Emblem of the 68th Strategic Reconnaissance Group
Emblem of the 68th Bombardment Wing
Emblem of the 68th Air Refueling Wing
Emblem of the 68th Electronic Warfare Group

The 53d Electronic Warfare Group (53 EWG) is a component unit of the United States Air Force 53d Wing, stationed at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.

The 53 EWG is a non-flying unit responsible for providing operational, technical and maintenance electronic warfare expertise for the CAF and for systems engineering, testing, evaluation, tactics development, employment, capability and technology assessment. This includes the wartime responsibility for emergency reprogramming and dissemination of EW system mission data software for CAF aircraft. The group manages the COMBAT SHIELD Electronic Warfare Assessment Program for CAF aircraft EW systems. COMBAT SHIELD provides operational units a system-specific capability assessment for their radar warning receivers, electronic attack pods, and integrated EW systems.

The group has a long and distinguished history. Established in 1941, the unit traces its lineage and heritage not just though its own organization, but through several other organizations, the 68th Strategic Reconnaissance Group; the 68th Air Refueling Group; the 68th Bombardment Wing, Heavy, and the 68th Electronic Combat Group

Contents

Units

  • 16th Electronic Warfare Squadron
  • 16th Electronic Warfare Squadron, Det. 1
  • 36th Electronic Warfare Squadron
  • 68th Electronic Warfare Squadron
  • 453rd Electronic Warfare Squadron
  • Det.1, 53 Electronic Warfare Group

History

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Lineage

  • Established as 68 Observation Group on 21 Aug 1941
Activated on 1 Sep 1941
Redesignated: 68 Reconnaissance Group on 31 May 1943
Redesignated: 68 Tactical Reconnaissance Group on 13 Nov 1943
Disestablished on 15 Jun 1944
  • Reestablished, and redesignated 68 Reconnaissance Group, on 10 Mar 1947
Activated in the Reserve on 9 Apr 1947
Inactivated on 27 Jun 1949
  • Redesignated 68 Strategic Reconnaissance Group, Medium on 4 Oct 1951
Activated on 10 Oct 1951
Inactivated on 16 Jun 1952
  • Redesignated 68 Air Refueling Group, Heavy on 17 Mar 1982
Activated on 30 Sep 1982
Consolidated (1 Oct 1982) with the 68 Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, Medium, which was established on 4 Oct 1951
Activated on 10 Oct 1951
Redesignated: 68 Bombardment Wing, Medium on 16 Jun 1952
Redesignated: 68 Bombardment Wing, Heavy on 15 Apr 1963
Inactivated on 30 Sep 1982
Consolidated unit redesignated 68 Air Refueling Wing, Heavy on 1 Oct 1986
Inactivated on 22 Apr 1991
  • Redesignated 68 Electronic Combat Group on 9 Apr 1993
Activated on 15 Apr 1993
Inactivated on 20 Nov 1998
  • Consolidated (25 Jul 2000) with the 53 Electronic Warfare Group, which was established on 1 Nov 1998.
Activated on 20 Nov 1998
Consolidated group retains designation 53 Electronic Warfare Group.

Assignments

68 Group, 1941-1952

  • 3 Air Support Command, 1 Sep 1941
  • Third Air Force, 17 Mar 1942
  • III Ground Air Support Command, 19 May 1942
Attached to 3 Demonstration Air Task Force [Provisional], c. 12 Jun 1942-unkn
VIII Ground Air Support Command, c. 18-22 Jun 1942
  • VIII Ground Air Support Command, 23 Jun 1942
  • III Ground Air Support Command, c. 4 Jun 1942
  • Third Air Force, 21 Aug 1942
  • III Ground Air Support Command, 24 Aug 1942
  • XII Air Support Command, c. 18 Oct 1942
Attached to 5th Bombardment Wing, 31 Oct 1942-
  • Northwest African Tactical Air Force, c. 18 Jun 1943
Remained attached to 5th Bombardment Wing
  • XII Training Command, c. Mar 1943
Remained attached to 5th Bombardment Wing
Remained attached to 5th Bombardment Wing
Remained attached to 5th Bombardment Wing to 4 Dec 1943
Attached to 47th Bombardment Wing, 4 Dec 1943-24 May 1944

68 Wing, 1951-1982

Attached to 21st Air Division, 10 Oct 1951-c. 15 May 1952
Attached to 7th Air Division, 14 Jun-7 Aug 1954; 27 Sep 1957-8 Jan 1958

Consolidated Organization

Components

68 Group, 1941-1952

  • 16 Observation (later, 16 Reconnaissance): attached Feb-Mar 1942, assigned 29 Mar 1942-26 May 1944 (detached 25 Sep 1943-26 May 1944)
  • 24 Reconnaissance, Photographic (later, 24 Strategic Reconnaissance, Photographic): 12 Jul 1947-27 Jun 1949; 10 Oct 1951-16 Jun 1952 (detached 10 Oct 1951-16 Jun 1952)
  • 51 Reconnaissance, Weather (later, 51 Strategic Reconnaissance, Photographic): 1 Aug 1947-27 Jun 1949; 10 Aug 1951-16 Jun 1952 (detached 10 Oct 1951-16 Jun 1952)
  • 52 Reconnaissance, Weather Scouting (later, 52 Strategic Reconnaissance, Photographic): 12 Jul 1947-27 Jun 1949; 10 Oct 1951-16 Jun 1952 (detached 10 Oct 1951-16 Jun 1952)
  • 68 Air Refueling: 8 Apr-28 May 1952
  • 111 Observation (later, 111 Reconnaissance, Fighter; 111 Tactical Reconnaissance): attached Feb-Mar 1942, assigned 29 Mar 1942-26 May 1944 (detached 12 Mar 1943-26 May 1944)
  • 122 Observation (later, 122 Liaison; 885 Bombardment): 1 Oct 1941-15 Jun 1944
  • 125 Observation: 15 Sep 1941-12 Mar 1942
  • 127 Observation: 6 Oct 1941-12 Mar 1942
  • 154 Observation (later, 154 Reconnaissance; 154 Tactical Reconnaissance; 154 Weather Reconnaissance): 1 Sep 1941-15 Jun 1944 (detached 12 Mar 1943-15 Jun 1944)

68 Wing, 1951-1982

  • 68 Strategic Reconnaissance Group: 10 Oct 1951-16 Jun 1952
  • 24 Strategic Reconnaissance, Photographic (later, 24 Bombardment): attached 10 Oct 1951-15 Jun 1952, assigned 16 Jun 1952-16 Jan 1953
  • 51 Strategic Reconnaissance, Photographic (later, 51 Bombardment): attached 10 Oct 1951-15 Jun 1952, assigned 16 Jun 1952-30 Sep 1982
  • 52 Strategic Reconnaissance, Photographic (later, 52 Bombardment): attached 10 Oct 1951-15 Jun 1952, assigned 16 Jun 1952-15 Apr 1963
  • 68 Air Refueling: attached 8 Apr-28 May 1952; assigned 25 Nov 1953-3 Sep 1957
  • 656 Bombardment: 16 Jan 1953-15 Apr 1963
  • 657 Bombardment: 1 Dec 1958-1 Jan 1962
  • 911 Air Refueling: 15 Apr 1963-30 Sep 1982

Consolidated organization

  • 16 Test (later, 16 Electronic Warfare): 15 Apr 1993-20 Nov 1998; 20 Nov 1998-Present
  • 36 Engineering and Test (later, 36 Electronic Warfare): 15 Apr 1993-20 Nov 1998; 20 Nov 1998-Present
  • 51 Bombardment: 30 Sep-1 Oct 1982
  • 68 Test Support (later, 68 Electronic Warfare): 15 Apr 1993-20 Nov 1998; 20 Nov 1998-Present
  • 87 Electronic Warfare Aggressor: 15 Apr 1993-1 Jul 1997
  • 344 Air Refueling: 1 Oct 1986-22 Apr 1991
  • 911 Air Refueling: 30 Sep 1982-22 Apr 1991.

Stations

Aircraft

68 Group

1941-1952: O-38, 1941-1942; O-46, 1941-1942; O-47, 1941-1942; O-49, 1941-1942; YO-50, 1941-1942; O-52, 1941-1942; O-57, 1941-1942; O-58, 1941-1942; O-59, 1941-1942; A-20, 1942-1943; DB-7, 1942; L-4, 1942; O-43, 1942; P-39, 1942-1943; P-40, 1942-1943; P-43, 1942; A-36, 1943; B-17, 1943-1944; P-38, 1943; P-38/F-4, 1943; P-51, 1943; P-51/F-6, 1943; Spitfire, 1943. A-6, 1947-1949; A-7, 1947-1949; A-11, 1947-1949.

68 Wing

1951-1982: B-29, 1952-1953; B-47, 1953-1963; KC-97, 1953-1957; B-52, 1963-1972, 1973-1982; KC-135, 1963-1972; 1973-1985.

Consolidated organization: KC-10, 1982-1991; KC-135, 1982-1991. None, 1993-1998

Operations

World War II

Established as the 68th Observation Group in 1941 at Brownwood, Texas, on September 1, 1941. Its primary mission was observation aircraft training and antisubmarine patrols. The group moved to several different U.S. locations in preparation for overseas deployment in 1942.

Moved to the Mediterranean Theater, October–November 1942, and assigned to Twelfth Air Force. Shortly after the group began operations most of its squadrons were detached for separate duty in order to carry out diverse activities over a wide area. Operating from bases in North Africa until November 1943, the group, or elements of the group, engaged in patrolling the Mediterranean; strafing trucks, tanks, gun positions, and supply dumps to support ground troops in Tunisia; training fighter pilots and replacement crews; and flying photographic and visual reconnaissance missions in Tunisia, Sicily, and Italy to provide information needed to adjust artillery fire.

Moved to Italy and assigned to Fifteenth Air Force, in November 1943. Continued visual and photographic reconnaissance and began flying weather reconnaissance missions in Italy, France, Germany, Austria, Hungary, and the Balkans. Also engaged in electronic-countermeasure activities, investigating radar equipment captured from the enemy, flying ferret missions along the coasts of Italy and southern France, and accompanying bomber formations to detect approaching enemy fighters. Inactivated in 1944,

Cold War

Trained in the Reserve as a Reconnaissance Group in California, 1947-1949. The 68 Group and 68 Wing were both technically active between 10 Oct 1951 and 16 Jun 1952; however, the group was a paper unit, with token personnel assigned on additional duty to keep it active and with its flying squadrons controlled by the wing.

In Oct 1951, began operational training as a reconnaissance wing. Received B-29 aircraft and trained as a bombardment wing in May 1952. Added a refueling mission in Nov 1953. Conducted strategic bombardment training, May 1954-Jun 1963, and air refueling, May 1954-Sep 1957, to meet SAC's global commitments. Wing aircraft, most aircrews and maintenance personnel, and other support personnel were loaned to other SAC units for combat operations in Southeast Asia, 27 May 1972-15 Jul 1973. Added air refueling mission, 1981-1993. Participated in combat operations in Grenada (Operation Urgent Fury), Oct 1983, Libya (Operation Eldorado Canyon), Apr 1986, Panama (Operation Just Cause), Dec 1989. Deployed to Spain to provide airlift and air refueling during Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm, Aug 1990-Mar 1991. Inactivated on 22 Apr 1991.

Modern era

Activated on 15 Apr 1993 as an Electronic Combat Group. Provided operational and technical electronic combat expertise for US combat air forces, 1993-1998. Performed electronic warfare (EW) technology assessments; tested, developed, managed, and maintained EW systems hardware and software to meet Combat Air Force (CAF) mission requirements, 1998-Present

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links


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