57th Air Division: Wikis

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57th Air Division
57th Air Division crest.jpg
57th Air Division emblem
Active 19 October 1940–1 November 1941;
6 July 1942–12 September 1945;
10 April 1951–2 July 1969;
22 January 1975–14 June 1991
Country United States
Branch Air Force
Part of see "Assignments" section below
Garrison/HQ see "Stations" section below
Equipment see "Aerospace vehicles" section below
Decorations European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg

see "Honors" section below

The 57th Air Division is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the Fifteenth Air Force, based at Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota. It was inactivated on 24 June 1991.

Established as the 8th Pursuit Wing, it conducted training from 1940 to 1941. As a paper unit, it moved to India and then to Egypt in December 1942.

Finally gained personnel and aircraft, and became operational as the 8 Fighter Wing on 6 Jul 1942 and later as the 57 Bombardment Wing on 6 Apr 1943. Initially, the 57th flew close air support missions against enemy troops and gun emplacements in the vicinity of Anzio, Italy; later, it flew bombing missions against railway marshalling yards at Foligno, Littoria, and Terni, Italy. Between 19 March 1944 and 11 May 1944 the 57th took part in Operation Strangle to destroy Italian marshalling yards, railroad repair facilities and other rail targets such as bridges, tunnels, and viaducts. It continued to fly close air support and interdiction missions in Italy throughout the war, and supported the invasion of southern France on 15 August 1944. The unit was inactivated at the end of the war.

Reactivated an intermediate command echelon of Strategic Air Command in 1951, the 57th Air Division assumed a supervisory role of subordinate bombardment units. Its units trained to conduct long range bombardment, air refueling, and strategic reconnaissance operations around the world. Between 1965 and 1969, division units supported Operation Arc Light bombing and Operation Young Tiger air refueling operations in Southeast Asia. In 1980 the 57th reorganized to employ Strategic Air Command conventional strategic forces (bomber, tanker, and reconnaissance) in crisis situations worldwide.

Inactivated in June 1991 due to budget constraints and the reduction of forces after the end of the Cold War.

Contents

History

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Lineage

  • Established as 8 Pursuit Wing on 19 Oct 1940
Activated on 6 Nov 1940
Inactivated on 1 Nov 1941
  • Redesignated 8 Fighter Wing on 6 Jul 1942
Activated on 24 Jul 1942
Redesignated 57 Bombardment Wing on 6 Apr 1943
Inactivated on 12 Sept 1945
  • Redesignated 57 Air Division on 10 Apr 1951
Organized on 16 Apr 1951
Discontinued on 16 Jun 1952.
Inactivated on 16 Jun 1952
  • Activated on 16 Jun 1952
Inactivated on 2 Jul 1969
  • Activated on 22 Jan 1975
Inactivated on 14 Jun 1991

Assignments

Attached to III Fighter Command, 26 Jul c. 28 Oct 1942
Attached to IX Fighter Command, 22 Dec 1942 unknown 1943

Components

  • Strategic Air Command Wings
5 Bombardment: 22 Jan 1975-14 Jun 1991
17 Bombardment: 1 Jul 1965-2 Jul 1968
19 Bombardment: 25 Jul 1968-2 Jul 1969
28 Bombardment: 1 May 1982-23 Jan 1987
44 Strategic Missile: 1 May 1982-23 Jan 1987
55 Strategic Reconnaissance: 1 Apr 1980-1 Oct 1982
68 Bombardment: 1 Jul 1964-1 Jul 1965; attached 10 Aug-1 Sept 1966, assigned 2 Sept 1966-2 Jul 1969.
91 Strategic Missile: 22 Jan 1975-14 Jun 1991
92 Bombardment: 16 Apr 1951-16 Jun 1952. 16 Jun 1952-4 Sept 1956 (detached 14 Oct 1954-12 Jan 1955 and 26 Apr-6 Jul 1956); 23 Jan 1987-15 Jun 1988
98 Bombardment: 16 Apr 1951-16 Jun 1952 (detached 16 Apr 1951-16 Jun 1952). 16 Jun 1952-25 Nov 1953 (detached entire period)
99 Strategic Reconnaissance (later, 99 Bombardment): 1 Jan 1953-2 Jul 1969 (detached 29 Jan-25 Apr 1956; c. 1 Oct 1967-c. 1 Apr 1968 and c. 23 Sept 1968-c. 1 Apr 1969)
111 Bombardment (later, 111 Strategic Reconnaissance): 21 Apr 1951-1 Jan 1953
301 Air Refueling: 15 Nov 1965-2 Jul 1966
319 Bombardment: 22 Jan 1975-1 May 1982; 23 Jan 1987-16 Jun 1988
321 Strategic Missile: 22 Jan 1975-1 May 1982; 23 Jan 1987-16 Jun 1988
416 Bombardment: 2 Jul-2 Sept 1966 (detached 10 Aug-2 Sept 1966)
465 Bombardment: attached 10 Aug-1 Sept 1966, assigned 2 Sept 1966-25 Jul 1968
499 Air Refueling: 1 Jan 1963-25 Jun 1966
4050 Air Refueling: 4 Sept 1956-1 Jan 1963.
  • Third Air Force Groups
49 Pursuit: 24 May-2 Oct 1941 (detached 6 Aug-2 Oct 1941)
  • Twelfth Air Force Groups
12 Bombardment: 1 Nov 1943-1 Jan 1944 (detached 1 Nov 1943-1 Jan 1944)
47 Bombardment: 6 Oct-10 Dec 1943 (detached entire period)
57 Fighter: 1 Nov 1943-1 Jan 1944 (detached entire period)
79 Fighter: 1 Nov 1943-1 Jan 1944 (detached entire period)
321 Bombardment: 1 Nov 1943-1 Jan 1944 (detached 4 Nov 1943-1 Jan 1944) 1 Mar 1944-12 Sept 1945 (detached 20 Aug-12 Sept 1945)
340 Bombardment: 1 Nov 1943-1 Jan 1944 (detached 1 Nov 1943-1 Jan 1944); 1 Mar 1944-26 Jul 1945.
310 Bombardment: 15 Mar 1944-12 Sept 1945 (detached 20 Aug-12 Sept 1945)
319 Bombardment: 10 Nov 1944-10 Jan 1945

Stations

Honors

  • Campaign Streamers: World War II: Naples Foggia (Air); Rome Arno..

Emblem

Per bend azure and gules, a bend argent between in chief a globe of the third lined sable emitting three lightning flashes or and issuing from base a hand holding a torch of the fourth garnished of the fifth flammant of the second and silver. (Approved 7 April 1954). ].

Aerospace vehicles

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129.
  • 57th Air Division Factsheet

External links


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