58th Operations Group: Wikis

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58th Operations Group
58thoperationsgroup-emblem.jpg
Emblem of the 58th Operations Group
Active 1941-1945; 1946-1952; 1955-1961; 1991-1994; 1994-Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
58 SOW Boeing CV-22B Osprey 04-0026

The 58th Operations Group (58 OG) is the operational flying component of the United States Air Force 58th Special Operations Wing. It is stationed at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico.

During World War II, the units predecessor unit, the 58th Fighter Group operated primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater as part of Fifth Air Force. The unit received a Distinguished Unit Citation strafing a Japanese naval force off Mindoro in the Philippines on 26 Dec 1944 to prevent destruction. During the Korean War, the unit bombed and strafed enemy airfields and installations and supported UN ground forces, remaining in South Korea after the 1953 Armistice.

Contents

Overview

The 58 OG trains mission-ready special operations, combat search and rescue (CSAR) and airlift aircrews in the UH-1H/N, HH-60G, MH-53J/M, HC-130N/P, MC-130P, MC-130H, CV-22 and corresponding simulators; provides Specialized Undergraduate Pilot Training-Helicopter; conducts special operations and CSAR intelligence training; responds to contingencies and humanitarian missions.

Its component squadrons are:

  • 58th Operations Support Squadron
  • 58th Training Squadron
  • 550th Special Operations Squadron
  • 512th Rescue Squadron
  • 23rd Flying Training Squadron
  • 71st Special Operations Squadron

History

For additional history and lineage, see 58th Special Operations Wing
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Lineage

  • Established as 58 Pursuit Group (Interceptor) on 20 Nov 1940
Activated on 16 Jan 1941
Redesignated: 58 Fighter Group on 15 May 1942
Redesignated: 58 Fighter Group, Single Engine, on 20 Aug 1943
Inactivated on 27 Jan 1946
  • Redesignated 58 Fighter-Bomber Group on 25 Jun 1952
Activated on 10 Jul 1952
Inactivated on 8 Nov 1957
  • Redesignated 58 Tactical Missile Group on 17 Jun 1958
Activated on 15 Jul 1958
Discontinued, and inactivated, on 25 Mar 1962
  • Redesignated 58 Operations Group, and activated, on 1 Oct 1991.

Assignments

Attached to: Philadelphia Fighter Wing, 24 Oct 1942-c. 3 Mar 1943
Attached to: New York Fighter Wing, 3 Mar-28 Apr 1943
Attached to: Boston Fighter Wing, 28 Apr-22 Oct 1943
Attached to: 86th Fighter Wing, 1 May-25 Aug 1944
Attached to: 309th Bombardment Wing, 25 Aug 1944-1 Jan 1945
Attached to: 310th Bombardment Wing, 1 Jan 1945-
Remained attached to: 310th Bombardment Wing until 7 Apr 1945

Components

  • 23 Flying Training (formerly, 23 Flying Training Flight): 1 Apr 1994-Present
  • 62 Fighter: 18 Mar-1 Apr 1994
  • 63 Fighter: 25 Feb 1993-1 Apr 1994
  • 67 Pursuit (later, 67 Fighter): 16 Jan 1941-3 Oct 1942
  • 68 Pursuit (later, 68 Fighter): 16 Jan 1941-3 Oct 1942
  • 69 Pursuit (later, 69 Fighter; 69 Fighter-Bomber): 16 Jan 1941-27 Jan 1946; 10 Jul 1952-8 Nov 1957
  • 71 Special Operations: 20 May 2005-Present
  • 310 Pursuit (later, 310 Fighter, 310 Fighter-Bomber, 310 Tactical Missile, 310 Tactical Fighter Training, 310 Fighter): 9 Feb 1942-27 Jan 1946; 10 Jul 1952-8 Nov 1957; 15 Jul 1958-25 Mar 1962; 1 Oct 1991-1 Apr 1994
  • 311 Pursuit (later, 311 Fighter, 311 Fighter-Bomber, 311 Tactical Fighter Training, 311 Fighter): 9 Feb 1942-27 Jan 1946; 10 Jul 1952-8 Nov 1957; 1 Oct 1991-1 Apr 1994
  • 314 Tactical Fighter Training (later, 314 Fighter): 1 Oct 1991-1 Apr 1994
  • 425 Fighter: 30 Dec 1992-1 Apr 1994
  • 461 Tactical Fighter Training (later, 461 Fighter): 1 Oct 1991-1 Apr 1994
  • 512 Special Operations (later, 512 Rescue): 1 Apr 1994-Present
  • 550 Special Operations: 1 Apr 1994-Present
  • 550 Tactical Fighter Training (later, 550 Fighter): 1 Oct-14 Nov 1991; 25 Mar-1 Apr 1994
  • 551 Special Operations: 1 Apr 1994-Present
  • 555 Tactical Fighter Training (later, 555 Fighter): 1 Oct-25 Mar 1994
  • 607 Air Control: 1 May 1992-1 Jul 1993.

Stations

Aircraft and missiles

  • P-35, 1941-1943
  • P-36, 1941-1943
  • P-39, 1941-1943
  • P-40, 1941-1943
  • P-47, 1943-1945
  • F-84, 1952-1954
  • F-86, 1954-1957
  • TM-61C (Matador), 1958-1962
  • F-15, 1991-1994
  • F-16, 1991-1994
  • UH-1, 1994-Present
  • HH-60, 1994-Present
  • MH-53, 1994-Present
  • TH-53, 1994-2001
  • HC-130, 1994-1997, 2000-Present
  • MC-130, 1994-Present
  • C-12, 1999-2002.

Operations

From beginning of World War II until 1943, served as replacement training unit for fighter pilots. Trained for combat and moved overseas to Southwest Pacific Theater in 1943. Began combat operations in Feb 1944, providing protection for U.S. bases and escorting transports initially, then escorting bombers over New Guinea and sea convoys to Admiralty Islands. From Noemfoor, bombed and strafed Japanese airfields and installations on Ceram, Halmahera, and the Kai Islands.

Moved to the Philippines in Nov, flew fighter sweeps against enemy airfields, supported U.S. ground forces, and protected sea convoys and transport routes. Earned a Distinguished Unit Citation for strafing a Japanese naval force that was attacking a U.S. base on Mindoro on 26 Dec 1944. Beginning in Jul 1945, attacked railways, airfields, and enemy installations in Korea and Kyushu, Japan from Okinawa.

After V-J Day, flew reconnaissance missions over Japan. Moved without personnel or equipment to the Philippines in Dec to be inactivated in Jan 1946.

Activated in Korea during the Korean War, absorbed the personnel and equipment of the 136th Fighter-Bomber Group, then provided close air support for UN ground forces and attacked enemy airfields and installations. Having entered the war with slow, short-ranged F-84D ThunderJets, the 58 FBG transitioned in late 1952 to the new "G" model, designed with more speed and range. New targets included enemy ports, railroads, and airfields. The group attacked the major supply port of Sinuiju in September, inflicting heavy damage without loss of personnel or aircraft. Combining with other fighter-bomber units, it attacked the Kumgang Political School at Odong-ni in October 1952 and the North Korean tank and infantry school at Kangso in February 1953. In May, the 58th FBG bombed North Korean dams, flooding enemy lines of communication and rice fields. On July 27, 1953, attacked runway at Kanggye and, with the 49 FBG, bombed Sunan Airfield for the final action of fighter-bombers in the Korean War. Earned a second DUC for its actions in the last three months of the war.

After the war, provided air defense for South Korea and deployed tactical components on rotational basis to Taiwan, Jan 1955-Feb 1957. In Oct 1958, armed with tactical missiles to provide air defense of South Korea until 1962.

From Oct 1991, conducted combat crew training for F-15E aircrews and F-16 pilots; F-16C/D squadrons had a secondary, wartime mission of augmenting national air defenses. Early in 1993, added a mission of training international (Republic of Singapore) pilots in F-16 A/B aircraft, the first one arriving in Mar 1993. The next month, the group lost its wartime mission. In Apr 1994, gave up fighter pilot training function and moved without personnel or equipment from Luke to Kirtland AFB, NM, taking over the resources of the 542 Crew Training Wing (which inactivated). Trained aircrews in special operations and in search, rescue, and recovery. Additional missions included training pararescue and combat control teams, deploying personnel and equipment to support contingencies, and conducting search and rescue missions at request of local authorities. The 58 OG also accomplished all USAF undergraduate helicopter training via the 23 Flying Training Flight (later, Squadron) at Fort Rucker, AL. On 11 Sep 2001, after terrorists hijacked four civilian airliners and flew three of them into buildings in New York and Washington, the group airlifted a federal task force to Pennsylvania to investigate the crash site of the fourth airliner. Deployed personnel to support combat operations in Afghanistan] (2001-) and Iraq (2003-).

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links


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