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65th United States Congress
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1917 – March 4, 1919

President of the Senate: Thomas R. Marshall
President pro tempore: Willard Saulsbury, Jr.
Speaker of the House: Champ Clark
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic (coalition)

Sessions
Special: March 5, 1917 – March 16, 1917
1st: April 2, 1917 – October 6, 1917
2nd: December 3, 1917 – November 21, 1918
3rd: December 2, 1918 – March 3, 1919
<64th 66th>

The Sixty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1917 to March 4, 1919, during the fourth and fifth years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. The Senate had a Democratic majority, and the House had a Republican plurality but the Democrats remained in control with the support of the Progressives.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

  • April 24, 1917 — 1st Liberty Loan Act
  • May 12, 1917 — Enemy Vessel Confiscation Joint Resolution
  • May 12, 1917 — 1st Army Appropriations Act of 1917
  • May 18, 1917 — Selective Service Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 15, 40 Stat. 76
  • May 29, 1917 — Esch Car Service Act of 1917
  • June 15, 1917 — 2nd Army Appropriations Act of 1917
  • June 15, 1917 — Search Warrant Act of 1917
  • June 15, 1917 — Emergency Shipping Fund Act of 1917
  • June 15, 1917 — Espionage Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 30, 40 Stat. 217
  • August 8, 1917 — River and Harbors Act of 1917
  • August 10, 1917 — Priority of Shipments Act of 1917
  • August 10, 1917 — Obstruction of Interstate Commerce Act of 1917
  • August 10, 1917 — Food and Fuel Control Act (Lever Act)
  • August 14, 1917 — Grain Standards Act of 1917
  • October 1, 1917 — 2nd Liberty Loan Act
  • October 1, 1917 — Aircraft Board Act of 1917
  • October 3, 1917 — War Revenue Act of 1917
  • October 5, 1917 — Repatriation Act of 1917
  • October 6, 1917 — Explosives Act of 1917
  • October 6, 1917 — International Emergency Economic Powers Act (Trading with the Enemy Act), Sess. 2, ch. 106, 40 Stat. 411
  • October 6, 1917 — War Risk Insurance Act of 1917
  • October 6, 1917 — Smoot Amendment
  • December 26, 1917 — Federal Possession and Control Act
  • February 24, 1918 — Revenue Act of 1918
  • March 8, 1918 — Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act
  • March 19, 1918 — Standard Time Act (Calder Act), Sess. 2, ch. 24, 40 Stat. 450
  • March 19, 1918 — Daylight Savings Act (Borland-Calder Act)
  • March 21, 1918 — Federal Control Act of 1918
  • April 4, 1918 — 3rd Liberty Loan Act
  • April 5, 1918 — War Finance Corporation Act
  • April 10, 1918 — Webb-Pomerene Act
  • April 18, 1918 — American Forces Abroad Indemnity Act
  • April 20, 1918 — Destruction of War Materials Act
  • May 9, 1918 — Alien Naturalization Act
  • May 16, 1918 — Housing For War Needs Act
  • May 16, 1918 — Sedition Act of 1918, Sess. 2, ch. 75, 40 Stat. 553
  • May 20, 1918 — Departmental Reorganization Act (Overman Act)
  • May 22, 1918 — Passport Control Act
  • May 22, 1918 — Entry and Departure Controls Act
  • May 31, 1918 — Saulsbury Resolution
  • June 27, 1918 — Veterans Rehabilitation Act (Smith-Sears Act)
  • June 27, 1918 — Industrial Aid Act (Fess Act)
  • July 3, 1918 — Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918, Sess. 2, ch. 128, 40 Stat. 755
  • July 9, 1918 — Army Appropriations Act of 1918
  • July 9, 1918 — 4th Liberty Loan Act
  • July 9, 1918 — Public Health and Research Act of 1918 (Chamberlain-Kahn Act)
  • July 18, 1918 — Charter Rate and Requisition Act of 1918
  • July 18, 1918 — River and Harbors Act of 1918
  • October 16, 1918 — Immigration Act of October 16, 1918, (Dillingham-Hardwick Act) Sess. 2, ch. 186, 40 Stat. 1012
  • October 16, 1918 — Corrupt Practices Act of 1918 (Gerry Act)
  • November 7, 1918 — National Bank Consolidation Act of 1918
  • November 21, 1918 — War-Time Prohibition Act
  • February 24, 1919 — Revenue Act of 1919
  • February 24, 1919 — Child Labor Act of 1919
  • February 26, 1919 — Grand Canyon Park Act of 1919
  • February 26, 1919 — Acadia National Park Act of 1919
  • March 2, 1919 — River and Harbors Act of 1919
  • March 2, 1919 — War Minerals Relief Act of 1919 (Dent Act)
  • March 3, 1919 — Hospitalization Act of 1919
  • March 3, 1919 — War Risk Insurance Act of 1919
  • March 3, 1919 — 5th Liberty Loan Act
  • March 4, 1919 — Wheat Price Guarantee Act (Lever Act)

Resolutions

  • War Resolutions that brought America into World War I:
    • Germany: Joint Res. April 6, 1917, 40 Stat. 1
    • Austria-Hungary: Joint Res. December 7, 1917, 40 Stat. 429

Party summary

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Senate

TOTAL members: 96

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 435

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

Senate

Because of the 17th Amendment, starting in 1914 U.S. Senators were elected directly instead of by the state legislatures. However, this did not affect the terms of U.S. Senators whose terms had started before that Amendment took effect.

Alabama

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House of Representatives

Alabama

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

Non-voting members

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References


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