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68th United States Congress
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1923 – March 4, 1925

President of the Senate: Calvin Coolidge (Mar-Aug 1923)
Vacant (1923-1925)
President pro tempore: Albert B. Cummins
Speaker of the House: Frederick H. Gillett
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
1st: December 3, 1923 – June 7, 1924
2nd: December 1, 1924 – March 3, 1925
<67th 69th>

The Sixty-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1923 to March 4, 1925, during the last months of Warren G. Harding's presidency, and the first years of his successor, Calvin Coolidge. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Fourteenth Census of the United States in 1920. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Major events

Major legislation

  • September 22, 1923 - U.S. Coal Commission Act
  • April 26, 1924 - Seed and Feed Loan Act
  • May 19, 1924 — World War Adjusted Compensation Act (Bonus Bill), Sess. 1, ch. 157, 43 Stat. 121
  • May 24, 1924 - Rogers Act
  • May 26, 1924 — Immigration Act of 1924 (Johnson-Reed Act), Sess. 1, ch. 190, 43 Stat. 153
  • May 29, 1924 - Indian Oil Leasing Act of 1924 (Lenroot Act)
  • June 2, 1924 — Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 (Snyder Act), Sess. 1, ch. 233, 43 Stat. 253
  • June 2, 1924 — Revenue Act of 1924 (Mellon tax bill), Sess. 1, ch. 234, 43 Stat. 253
  • June 3, 1924 - Inland Waterways Act of 1924 (Denison Act)
  • June 7, 1924 - Pueblo Lands Act of 1924
  • June 7, 1924 - Oil Pollution Act of 1924
  • June 7, 1924 — Clarke-McNary Act, Sess. 1, ch. 348, 43 Stat. 653
  • January 30, 1925 - Hoch-Smith Resolution
  • January 31, 1925 - Special Duties Act
  • February 2, 1925 - Airmail Act of 1925 (Kelly Act)
  • February 16, 1925 - Home Port Act of 1925
  • February 24, 1925 - Purnell Act
  • February 27, 1925 - Temple Act
  • February 28, 1925 - Classification Act of 1925
  • February 28, 1925 - Federal Corrupt Practices Act (Gerry Act)
  • March 2, 1925 - Judiciary Act of 1925
  • March 3, 1925 - River and Harbors Act of 1925
  • March 3, 1925 - Helium Act of 1925
  • March 3, 1925 - Mount Rushmore National Memorial Act (Norbeck-Williamson Act)
  • March 4, 1925 - Probation Act of 1925

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

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Senate

TOTAL members: 96

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 435

Leadership

President of the Senate Calvin Coolidge

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senate composition, by party
President pro tempore
Albert B. Cummins

Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1928; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1924; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1926.

Alabama
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

See also: Category:Members of the United States House of Representatives
See also: Category:United States congressional delegations by state
Alabama
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 7
  • deaths:
  • resignations:
  • vacancy:
  • Total seats with changes:

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 24
  • deaths:
  • resignations:
  • contested election:
  • Total seats with changes:

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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