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70th United States Congress
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1927 – March 4, 1929

President of the Senate: Charles G. Dawes
President pro tempore: George H. Moses
Speaker of the House: Nicholas Longworth
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
1st: December 5, 1927 – May 29, 1928
2nd: December 3, 1928 – March 3, 1929
<69th 71st>

The Seventieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1927 to March 3, 1929, during the last two years of Calvin Coolidge's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fourteenth Census of the United States in 1920. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

President of the Senate
Charles G. Dawes
Speaker of the House
Nicholas Longworth

Major events

Major legislation

  • March 10, 1928: Settlement of War Claims Act
  • May 15, 1928: Flood Control Act of 1928 (Jones-Reid Act)
  • May 22, 1928: Merchant Marine Act of 1928 (Jones-White Act)
  • May 22, 1928: Forest Research Act (McSweeney-McNary Act)
  • May 22, 1928: Capper-Ketchum Act
  • May 28, 1928: Welsh Act
  • May 29, 1928: Revenue Act of 1928, ch. 852, 45 Stat. 791
  • May 29, 1928: Reed-Jenkins Act
  • December 21, 1928: Boulder Canyon Project Act (Hoover Dam)
  • December 22, 1928: Color of Title Act
  • January 19, 1929: Hawes-Cooper Act
  • February 18, 1929: Migratory Bird Conservation Act (Norbeck-Anderson Act), ch. 257, 45 Stat. 1222
  • March 2, 1929: Increased Penalties Act (Jones-Stalker Act)

Party summary

Senate composition, by party

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

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Senate

TOTAL members: 96

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 435

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

President pro tempore
George H. Moses

Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1928; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1930; and Class 3 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1932.

Alabama

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House of Representatives

The names of members are preceded by their districts.

Alabama

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • Replacements: 6
    • Democratic: 1 seat net loss
    • Republican: 1 seat net gain
  • Deaths: 4
  • Resignations: 3
  • Interim appointments: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 7

House of Representatives

  • Replacements: 15
    • Democratic: 1 seat net gain
    • Republican: 1 seat net loss
  • Deaths: 16
  • Resignations: 6
  • Total seats with changes: 22

Officers

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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