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71st United States Congress
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1931

President of the Senate: Charles Curtis
President pro tempore: George H. Moses
Speaker of the House: Nicholas Longworth
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1929 – March 5, 1929
1st: April 15, 1929 – November 22, 1929
2nd: December 2, 1929 – July 3, 1930
Special: July 7, 1930 – July 21, 1930
3rd: December 1, 1930 – March 3, 1930
<70th 72nd>

The Seventy-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1929 to March 4, 1931, during the first two years of Herbert Hoover's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fourteenth Census of the United States in 1920. Both chambers had a Republican majority. This congress saw the most special elections of any congress with 27 in all.

Contents

Major events

  • March 4, 1929: Herbert C. Hoover became President of the United States
  • October 24, 1929 – October 29, 1929: Wall Street Crash of 1929: Three multi-digit percentage drops wipe out more than $30 billion from the New York Stock Exchange (10 times greater than the annual budget of the federal government).
  • October 25, 1929: Former U.S. Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall is convicted of bribery for his role in the Teapot Dome scandal, becoming the first Presidential cabinet member to go to prison for actions in office.

Major legislation

Party summary

Map showing Senate party membership at the start of the 71st Congress.
President of the Senate
Charles Curtis
President pro tempore
George H. Moses

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

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Senate

TOTAL members: 96

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 435

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1934; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1930; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1932.

Alabama

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

Speaker of the House
Nicholas Longworth

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their districts.

Alabama

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

vacant to end

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 9
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 3
  • interim appointments: 6
  • Total seats with changes: 9

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 26
  • deaths: 25
  • resignations: 6
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 32

Officers

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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