The Full Wiki

Advertisements

More info on 77th Infantry Division (United States)

77th Infantry Division (United States): Wikis

Advertisements

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

Advertisements

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

77th Infantry Division (RTU)
77th Infantry Division.patch.jpg

77th Sustainment Brigade shoulder sleeve insignia
Active 1917 - 1919
1942 - 1946
1963 -
Country United States of America
Branch United States Army Reserve
Type Sustainment
Role Sustainment
Size Division
Garrison/HQ Fort Totten
Nickname Statue of Liberty Division
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Robert L. Eichelberger
U.S. Infantry Divisions (1939–present)
Previous Next
76th Infantry Division 78th Infantry Division

The 77th Sustainment Brigade is a unit of the United States Army that inherited the lineage of the 77th Infantry Division, which served with distinction in World War I and World War II. Its headquarters is now at Fort Dix, New Jersey after its predecessor command, the 77th Regional Readiness Command, was disestablished in 2008 from Fort Totten, in Bayside (Queens), New York. Soldiers from the 77th have served in most every major conflict and contingency operation since WWII, and several gave their lives on September 11, 2001.

Contents

World War I

  • Activated: 18 August 1917
  • Overseas: March 1918
  • Major Operations: Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Oise-Aisne. Casualties: Total-10,194 (KIA-1,486; WIA-8,708)
  • Commanders: Maj. Gen. J. Franklin Bell (18 August 1917), Brig. Gen. E. M. Johnson (4 December 1917), Maj. Gen. G. B. Duncan (8 May 1918), Brig. Gen. E. M. Johnson (20 July 1918), Brig. Gen. E. M. Johnson (19 August 1918), Maj. Gen. Robert Alexander (27 August 1918)
  • Returned to U. S.: April 1919
  • Deactivated: April 1919


The 77th Infantry Division was organized from draftees, drawn mostly from New York City, and trained at Camp Upton in Yaphank, NY in the central part of Suffolk Country, Long Island; the camp is now Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Combat Chronicle

The 77th Infantry Division was the first American division composed of draftees to arrive in France in World War I, landing in April 1918; overall it was the eighth of 42 divisions to reach France. They fought in the Battle of Château-Thierry on July 18th, 1918.

World War II

Combat Chronicle

The 77th Infantry Division landed in Hawaii, 31 March 1944, and continued training in amphibious landings and jungle warfare. Elements began to leave Hawaii, 1 July 1944, for the amphibious assault on Guam. Attached to III Amphibious Force, the 77th made an assault landing on Guam, 21 July 1944. After taking over defense of the beachhead, the division drove north to seize Mount Tenjo and effected junction with the 3d Marine Division, linking the northern and southern bridgeheads, 23-29 July. It continued to drive north, and dislodged the enemy from positions at Barrigada town and mountain, 4 August, resistance ending on the 8th. With Guam recaptured, the 77th sailed for New Caledonia, but plans were changed en route and it was directed to proceed to Leyte. The division landed on the east coast of Leyte, 23 November 1944, and was attached to XXIV Corps, Sixth Army. After a short period of training and combat patrolling in the Corps' rear, 23 November-6 December, it landed at Ipil and fought up the east coast of Ormoc Bay to seize Ormoc, 10 December. Attacking north, astride Highway No. 2, the division secured Valencia and the Libungao-Palompon road junction. Mopping up operations continued through January 1945 to 5 February 1945.

The next combat assignment was Okinawa. In late March (26-29), the division made 15 landings, securing Kerama Retto and Keise Shima for the assault on Okinawa. Riding at sea, 1-15 April 1945, it suffered casualties from enemy suicide attacks, - and prepared for the assault landing on Ie Shima. On 16 April 1945, the 77th landed on Ie Shima, captured the airfield, and engaged in a bitter fight for "Government House Hill" and "Bloody Ridge." It was in this operation that Ernie Pyle was killed. On 25 April, it left Ie Shima for Okinawa, relieving the 96th Division, 28 April 1945. Fighting its way slowly against extremely heavy Japanese resistance, the division drove to Shuri in conjunction with the 1st Marine Division, occupying it 29-31 May. In June the division covered the right flank of XXIV Corps and "sealed" Japanese cave positions. In July the division moved to Cebu, Philippine Islands, and prepared for the proposed invasion of Japan. The division landed in Japan in October 1945 for occupation duty, and was inactivated a few months later, 15 March 1946.

Order of Battle

  • 305th Infantry Regiment
  • 306th Infantry Regiment
  • 307th Infantry Regiment
  • 304th Field Artillery Battalion
  • 305th Field Artillery Battalion
  • 306th Field Artillery Battalion
  • 902nd Field Artillery Battalion
  • 302nd Engineer Battalion
  • 302d Medical Battalion
  • 777th Ordnance Company
  • 77th Quartermaster Company
  • 77th Reconnaissance Troop
  • 77th Signal Company

General

  • Nickname: Statue of Liberty Division. Also, US Marines on Guam nicknamed them the "77th Marine Division". Personnel of the 77th are a common sight in NYC and on Long Island. The armory on the grounds of St. John's University in Fresh Meadows, Queens was recently taken back by the school, forcing the resident units to be re-located to Fort Totten and elsewhere. It is unclear if this was due to anti-military sentiment on the part of the School's leadership and faculty. The School's internal security apparatus and the resident Army ROTC battalion are now quartered in the former armory building.
  • Shoulder patch: Statue of Liberty in gold on a blue truncated triangle

The "Lost Battalion" of World War I fame was composed of six companies of the 77th's 308th Infantry Regiment and one from the 307th Infantry Regiment. Pictures of the Lost Battalion Area

The Clearview Expressway in Queens, New York is named the "77th Infantry Division Expressway", honoring the Division's personnel who hailed from Queens and Long Island.

Fictional Portrayal

  • The 77th Division is featured in the World War I novella Doughboys by Christopher Levy.

References

  • The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States U.S.

Government Printing Office, 1950 reproduced at http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/lineage/cc/cc.htm. [1]

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message