7th United States Congress: Wikis

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7th United States Congress
USCapitol1800.jpg
United States Capitol (1800)

Duration: March 4, 1801 – March 3, 1803

President of the Senate: Aaron Burr
President pro tempore: Abraham Baldwin
Stephen R. Bradley
Speaker of the House: Nathaniel Macon
Members: 34 Senators
107 Representatives
2 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic-Republican
House Majority: Democratic-Republican

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1801 – March 5, 1801
1st: December 7, 1801 – May 3, 1802
2nd: December 6, 1802 – March 3, 1803
<6th 8th>

The Seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1801 to March 3, 1803, during the first two years of Thomas Jefferson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the First Census of the United States in 1790. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority, except during the Special session of the Senate, when there was a Federalist majority in the Senate.

United States Capitol with "Brick Oven"

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

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Senate

TOTAL members: 34

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 107

President of the Senate
Vice President
Aaron Burr

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

Major events

Major legislation

States admitted

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

President pro tempore
Abraham Baldwin

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1802; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1804; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1806.

Connecticut

Delaware

Georgia

Kentucky

Maryland

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

Virginia

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware

Georgia

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Kentucky

Maryland

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

Virginia

Non-voting members

Thomas M. Green Jr. (DR), December 6, 1802 – end

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 5
  • deaths: 1
  • resignations: 8
  • interim appointments: 1
  • vacancies: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 10
State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Rhode Island
class 2
Ray Greene (F) Resigned March 5, 1801 after being nominated for a judicial position Christopher Ellery (DR) Seated May 6, 1801
South Carolina
class 2
Charles Pinckney (DR) Resigned June 6, 1801 after being appointed Minister to Spain Thomas Sumter (DR) Seated December 15, 1801
New Hampshire
class 2
Samuel Livermore (F) Resigned June 12, 1801 Simeon Olcott (F) Seated June 17, 1801
New Hampshire
class 3
James Sheafe (F) Resigned June 14, 1801 William Plumer (F) Seated June 17, 1801
Pennsylvania
class 3
Peter Muhlenberg (DR) Resigned June 30, 1801 George Logan (DR) Seated July 13, 1801
Vermont
class 3
Elijah Paine (F) Resigned September 1, 1801 Stephen R. Bradley (DR) Seated October 15, 1801
Maryland
class 3
William Hindman (F) Resigned November 19, 1801 Robert Wright (DR) Seated November 19, 1801
New York
class 3
John Armstrong, Jr. (DR) Resigned February 5, 1802 DeWitt Clinton (DR) Seated February 9, 1802
South Carolina
class 3
John E. Colhoun (DR) Died October 26, 1802 Pierce Butler (DR) Seated November 4, 1802
Ohio
class 1
New seats Ohio was admitted to the Union on November 29, 1802 Vacant Not filled this Congress
Ohio
class 3
Vacant

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Connecticut
At-large
Vacant Elizur Goodrich (F) resigned before the beginning of this Congress Calvin Goddard (F) Elected May 14, 1801
Massachusetts
4th
Levi Lincoln (DR) Resigned March 5, 1801 after being appointed US Attorney General Seth Hastings (F) August 24, 1801
New York
6th
John Bird (F) Resigned July 25, 1801 John Peter Van Ness (DR) October 6, 1801
New York
5th
Thomas Tillotson (DR) Resigned August 10, 1801 after being elected NY Secretary of State Theodorus Bailey (DR) October 6, 1801
Massachusetts
12th
Silas Lee (F) Resigned August 20, 1801 Samuel Thatcher (F) December 6, 1802
South Carolina
4th
Thomas Sumter (DR) Resigned December 15, 1801 after being elected to the US Senate Richard Winn (DR) January 24, 1803
Georgia
At-large
Benjamin Taliaferro (DR) Resigned in 1802 David Meriwether (DR) December 6, 1802
New Hampshire
At-large
Joseph Peirce (F) Resigned in 1802 Samuel Hunt (F) December 6, 1802
Maryland
2nd
Richard Sprigg, Jr. (DR) Resigned February 11, 1802 Walter Bowie (DR) March 24, 1802
Mississippi Territory
At-large
Narsworthy Hunter
Non-voting Delegate
Died March 11, 1802 Thomas M. Green, Jr.
Non-voting Delegate
December 6, 1802
Georgia
At-large
John Milledge (DR) Resigned May, 1802 after being elected Governor Peter Early (DR) January 10, 1803
North Carolina
8th
Charles Johnson (DR) Died July 23, 1802 Thomas Wynns (DR) December 7, 1802
Ohio
At-large
New seat Ohio was admitted to the Union on November 29, 1802 Vacant Not filled until next Congress
New York
6th
John Peter Van Ness (DR) Seat declared forfeited January 17, 1803 Vacant

Officers

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  1. ^ a b c The official date when Ohio became a state was not set until 1953, when the 83rd U.S. Congress passed legislation retrospectively designating the date of the first meeting of the Ohio state legislature, March 1, 1803, as that date. However, on April 30, 1802 the 7th U.S. Congress had passed an act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union." (Sess. 1, ch. 40, 2 Stat. 173) On February 19, 1803 the same Congress passed an act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio." (Sess. 2, ch. 7, 2 Stat. 201) The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress states that Ohio was admitted to the Union on November 29, 1802, and counts its seats as vacant from that date.
  2. ^ a b Pennsylvania's 4th district was a plural district with two representatives.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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