The Full Wiki

More info on 802 Naval Air Squadron

802 Naval Air Squadron: Wikis

Advertisements

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

No. 802 Squadron FAA
(Description)In a blue field, Issuant from water, in base barry wavy white and blue, an arm embowed gold, the hand grasping an arrow white, winged gold[1]
Active 3 April 1933 - April 1940
21 November 1940 - 21 December 1941
1 February 1942 - 15 November 1942
1 May 1945 - 30 March 1947
1 May 1947 - 10 December 1952
2 February 1953 - 22 November 1955
6 February 1956 - 10 April 1959
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  Royal Navy
Role Naval Air Defence/Attack
Motto Prima Ferire
Latin: "First to Strike"

802 Naval Air Squadron was a military aviation unit of the British Royal Navy.[2]

Contents

Early History

802 Squadron was formed on 3rd April 1933 aboard HMS Glorious by the merger of two independent RAF naval units, 408 (Fleet Fighter) Flight and 409 (Fleet Fighter) Flight. By 1939, 802 was operating from Dekhelia in Egypt [3] where, like all FAA units, 802 was taken over by the Admiralty on 24 May, 1939.

Advertisements

Example Aircraft

Nimrod I S1579 571
Osprey I K2783
Osprey III K3643 549
Osprey III Seaplane K3644 590 [4]

World War 2

In April 1940 802 was serving aboard HMS Glorious with 12 Sea Gladiators when the ship was recalled to participate in the defence of Norway. The squadron ceased to exist after HMS Glorious was sunk by the German battlecruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau on 8 June 1940 during the defence of Norway.[5]

Reformed from part of 804 squadron on 21 November 1940 with Martlet Is, the squadron sub-flights embarked on HMS Audacity in July 1941, with B flight serving on HMS Argus in August. In the following month the whole squadron was involved in Gibraltar escort convoys from HMS Audacity from which it shot down 4 FW200s. The squadron was lost on 21 December 1941 when HMS Audacity was sunk by U-741.[6]

The squadron was re-formed at Yeovilton in February 1942 with Sea Hurricane Ibs, before embarking on HMS Avenger for escorting PQ18 Arctic convoys in September during which time 5 enemy aircraft were shot down and 17 damaged, in conjunction with 883 squadron. In September, the squadron embarked on HMS Avenger and provided fighter cover on the Algerian invasion beaches, and on convoy work UK bound was torpedoed on 15 November 1942 by U-155.[7]

The squadron lay dormant till May 1945 when reformed at Arbroath with 24 Seafire L.IIIs. By VJ day, the squadron had spent a short period in HMS Queen, and had been anticipated to leave for the British Pacific Fleet with 9th Carrier Air Group.[8][9]

Post War Service

By the summer of 1947, 802 had switched to Seafire XVs operating from HMS Vengeance.[10] During the Korean War, 802 were assigned to HMS Ocean, and equipped with Hawker Sea Furys, including WJ232, the aircraft used by Lieutenant P 'Hoagy' Carmichael to shoot down a MiG-15 on August 9, 1952. Carmichael achieved this feat during a dogfight which started when a formation of four Sea Furys under his command were attacked by eight MiGs during a fighter bomber sortie over Chinnampo.[11]

By the time of the Suez Crisis, 802 had transferred to HMS Ark Royal, and were equipped with Hawker Sea Hawk FB3s - one of these aircraft lost the front of a drop tank to ground fire[12] while the squadron was embarked aboard HMS Albion in September 1956. 802 reequipped with Sea Hawk FB5s before transferring th HMS Ark Royal in May 1957. Following a trip to the United Staes, which included cross operations with USS Saratoga, 802 completed two tours in the Mediterraean, the second of these starting in September 1958 aboard HMS Eagle, and ending with the disbandment of 802 at Lossimouth on 10 April 1959. Plans to reform 802 at Yeovilton in 1979 with 5 Sea Harriers failed to materialise.[13]

References

  1. ^ Column 1 Page 167 Ray Sturtivant Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm. Air Britain (Historians) Ltd (1984) ISBN 0-85130-120-7
  2. ^ Fleet Air Arm Archive
  3. ^ Page 451 Ray Sturtivant Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm. Air Britain (Historians) Ltd (1984) ISBN 0-85130-120-7
  4. ^ Page 276 Alan Lake. Flying units of the RAF. Airlife Publishing Ltd (Oct 1999) ISBN 978-1840370867
  5. ^ Paragraph 1 167 Ray Sturtivant Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm. Air Britain (Historians) Ltd (1984) ISBN 0-85130-120-7
  6. ^ Paragraph 2 Page 167 Ray Sturtivant Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm. Air Britain (Historians) Ltd (1984) ISBN 0-85130-120-7
  7. ^ Paragraph 3 Page 167 Ray Sturtivant Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm. Air Britain (Historians) Ltd (1984) ISBN 0-85130-120-7
  8. ^ Fleet Air Arm Archive entry for 802 Squadron
  9. ^ Morgan, Eric B. and Edward Shacklady. Spitfire: The History. Stamford: Key Books Ltd, 2000. ISBN 0-946219-48-6.
  10. ^ Morgan, Eric B. and Edward Shacklady. Spitfire: The History. Stamford: Key Books Ltd, 2000. ISBN 0-946219-48-6.
  11. ^ File 145 Sheet 2 of World Aircraft Information Files
  12. ^ File 146 Sheet 1 of World Aircraft Information Files
  13. ^ Paragraph 1 169 Ray Sturtivant Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm. Air Britain (Historians) Ltd (1984) ISBN 0-85130-120-7

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message