The Full Wiki

81st Fighter-Bomber Group: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

81st Fighter-Bomber Group
81stfightergroup-patch.jpg
Emblem of the 81st Fighter-Bomber Group
Active 1942-1956
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Type Air Defense, Tactical Fighter-Bombing
Part of United States Air Forces in Europe
Engagements
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg Asiatic-Pacific Campaign ribbon.svg
  • World War II
European Campaign (1943–1944)
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign (1944–1945)
Republic F-84F-50-RE Thunderstreak, Serial 52-6852 of the 81st Fighter-Bomber Group, 91st Fighter-Bomber Squadron

.

The 81st Fighter-Bomber Group (81 FBG) is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 81st Fighter-Bomber Wing, being assigned to RAF Bentwaters, England. It was inactivated on 8 February 1955.

Contents

History

Advertisements

Lineage

  • Constituted as 81st Pursuit Group (Interceptor) on 13 Jan 1942
Activated on 9 Feb 1942
Redesignated: 81st Fighter Group in May 1942
Inactivated on 27 Dec 1945
  • Activated on 15 Oct 1946*
Redesignated: 81st Fighter-Interceptor Group, 1 Jan 1950
Redesignated: 81st Fighter-Bomber Group on 1 Apr 1954
Inactivated on 8 Feb 1955
  • Redesignated 81st Tactical Fighter Group, 31 Jul 1985 (remained inactive).

*Note: Became subordinate unit of the 81st Fighter Wing on 1 May 1948

Assignments

Attached to Fourteenth Air Force, 2 Mar - 12 May 1944
Attached to 312th Fighter Wing, 12 May 1944 - 1 Oct 1945
Attached to Western Air Defense Force, 10 Nov 1949-
Remained attached to Western Air Defense Force to 1 Aug 1950
Attached to Third Air Force, 5–8 Sep 1951
Attached to 49th Air Division, Operational [later, 49 Air Division (Operational)], 1 Mar 1954- 8 Feb 1955

Components

Federalized Washington Air National Guard

Stations

Aircraft assigned

Operational History

World War II

The unit was constituted as the 81st Pursuit Group (Intercepter) on January 13, 1942, and activated on February 9, 1942. Redesignated 81st Fighter Group in May 1942. Trained with P-39's.

Moved overseas, October 1942 – February 1943, the ground echelon arriving in French Morocco with the force that invaded North Africa on November 8, and the air echelon, which had trained for a time in England, arriving in North Africa between late December 1942 and early February 1943.

Began combat with Twelfth Air Force in January 1943. Supported ground operations during the Allied drive against Axis forces in Tunisia. Patrolled the coast of North Africa and protected Allied shipping in the Mediterranean Sea, April–July 1943. Provided cover for the convoys that landed troops on Pantelleria on June 11 and on Sicily on July 10, 1943. Supported the landings at Anzio on January 22, 1944 and flew patrols in that area for a short time.

Moved to India, February–March 1944, and began training with P-40 and P-47 aircraft. Moved to China in May and became part of Fourteenth Air Force. Continued training and on occasion flew patrol and escort missions before returning to full-time combat duty in January 1945. Attacked enemy airfields and installations, flew escort missions, and aided the operations of Chinese ground forces by attacking troop concentrations, ammunition dumps, lines of communications, and other targets to hinder Japanese efforts to move men and materiel to the front.

Inactivated in China on December 27, 1945.

Cold War

The 81st Fighter Group conducted air defense of Hawaii, Dec 1948-May 1949, then became part of Western Air Defense Force's air defense structure in Nov 1949.

Deployed to England n 1951, it worked with Royal Air Force Fighter Command to provide air defense in England. The wing changed in 1954 from fighter-interceptor to fighter-bomber operations, carrying both conventional and nuclear weapons as part of a NATO tactical fighter organization.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129.

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message