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82d Operations Group: Wikis

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82d Operations Group
82d-fig-emblem.jpg
Emblem of the 82d Fighter Group
Active 1942-1958;1991-1993
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Part of Air Education and Training Command
Engagements
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg
  • World War II
European Campaign (1942–1945)

The 82d Operations Group (82 OG) is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 82d Training Wing, being assigned to Williams Air Force Base, Arizona. It was inactivated on 31 Mar 1993.

Contents

History

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Lineage

  • Constituted as the 82nd Pursuit Group (Interceptor) on January 13, 1942
Activated on February 9, 1942
Redesignated 82nd Fighter Group in May 1942
Inactivated in Italy on September 9, 1945.
  • Established as 82d Fighter Wing on July 28, 1947
Organized on August 15, 1947
Inactivated on October 2, 1949
  • Established as 525th Air Defense Group and activated on 16 Feb 1953
Reactivated as 82d Fighter Group (Air Defense) by redesignation of 525th Air Defense Group, 18 Aug 1955
Redesignated 82d Fighter-Interceptor Group on 6 Jul 1956
Inactivated on 30 Jun 1958
  • Redesignated 82d Operations Group and activated on 15 December 1991
Inactivated on 31 Mar 1993

Assignments

7th Fighter Wing: c. November – c. December 31, 1942
Attached to: 7th Fighter Wing: February 1–17, 1943
47th Bombardment Wing: February 17 – October 31, 1943
47th Bombardment Wing: November 1, 1943 – January 13, 1944
5th Bombardment Group: January 13 – March 27, 1944
306th Fighter Wing: March 27, 1944 – June 13, 1945
305th Bombardment Wing: June 13, 1945
Attached to 307th Bombardment Wing, August 15, 1947 – December 15, 1948
Fifteenth Air Force, December 16, 1948

Components

Stations

Aircraft assigned

Operational History

Moved to North Africa in December 1942 and served with Twelfth Air Force until November 1943. Took part in the defeat of Axis forces in Tunisia, the reduction of Pantelleria, the conquest of Sicily, and the invasion of Italy. Operated against the enemy's air transports; flew dive-bombing and strafing missions; escorted medium bombers in their attacks on enemy shipping and their raids on Naples and Rome; and gave direct support to the ground forces during the invasion of Italy. Received a DUC for a low-level strafing raid against enemy aircraft concentrations at Foggia on August 25, 1943. Received second DUC for performance on September 2, 1943 when the group protected a formation of bombers that encountered strong opposition from enemy interceptors during an attack on marshalling yards near Naples.

Moved to Italy in October 1943. Assigned to Fifteenth Air Force in November Continued to function occasionally as a fighter-bomber organization, supporting Allied armies, flying interdictory missions, and attacking strategic targets. Received third DUC for performance on June 10, 1944 when the 82nd Group braved head-on attacks by hostile fighters to dive-bomb an oil refinery at Ploesti and then strafed targets of opportunity while returning to base. Engaged primarily in escort work, however, from October 1943 to May 1945, covering the operations of heavy bombers that attacked aircraft industries, oil refineries, and other targets in France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Rumania, and Bulgaria.

During the early years of the Cold War, the group provided air defense of New England and mid-Atlantic states, 1947-1958

On 15 December 1991, the 82d Operations Group was activated as a result of the 82 Flying Training Wing implementing the USAF objective wing organization. Upon activation, the 82d OG was bestowed the lineage and history of the 82d Fighter Group. The 82d OG was assigned all the flying units of the 82d Flying Training Wing. Performed Undergraduate Pilot Training until inactivated in March 1993.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129.

External links


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