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855th Bombardment Squadron
855thbombsquadron-emblem.jpg
Emblem of the 855th Bombardment Squadron
Active 1942-1945
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Role Anti-Submarine; Bombardment

The 855th Bombardment Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the 491st Bombardment Group, based at McChord Field, Washington. It was inactivated on 8 September 1945.

Contents

History

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Lineage

  • Constituted 522d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 13 Oct 1942
Activated on 18 Oct 1942
Redesignated: 17th Antisubmarine Squadron (Heavy) on 29 Nov 1942
Redesignated: 17th Antisubmarine Squadron (Medium) on 3 Mar 1943
Redesignated: 17th Antisubmarine Squadron (Heavy) on 20 Apr 1943
Redesignated: 855th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 24 Sep 1943
Inactivated on 8 Sep 1945.

Assignments

Stations

Aircraft

Operational History

Flew antisubmarine patrols over Florida Atlantic and Gulf coastlines and in the Florida Straits prior to 15 Aug 1943

Redesignated as B-24 Heavy Bomber Squadron and deployed to Eighth Air Force in England. Assigned to RAF North Pickenham. The squadron concentrated its attacks on strategic objectives in Germany, striking communications centers, oil refineries, storage depots, industrial areas, shipyards, and other targets in such places as Berlin, Hamburg, Kassel, Cologne, Gelsenkirchen, Bielefeld, Hanover, and Magdeburg; on one occasion attacked the headquarters of the German General Staff at Zossen, Germany.

While on a mission to bomb an oil refinery at Misburg on 26 November 1944, the squadron was attacked by large numbers of enemy fighters; fought off the interceptors, successfully bombed the target.

Although engaged primarily in strategic bombardment, the squadron also supported ground forces at Saint-Lô in July 1944; assaulted V-weapon sites and communications lines in France during the summer of 1944; dropped supplies to paratroops on 18 September 1944 during the airborne attack in Holland; bombed German supply lines and fortifications during the Battle of the Bulge, December 1944 – January 1945; supported Allied forces in the airborne drop across the Rhine in March 1945; and interdicted enemy communications during the Allied drive across Germany in April 1945.

Returned to McChord AAF Washington on 17 July 1945 and was inactivated on 8 September 1945.

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.

External links


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