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85th Group
85th Group.png
Emblem of the 85th Group
Active 1942–2006
Country United States
Garrison/HQ Naval Air Station Keflavik
Motto "Guardians of the North"
Decorations Outstanding Unit ribbon.svgOrganizational Excellence ribbon.svg

The 85th Group is an inactive United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with United States Air Forces in Europe, assigned to Third Air Force, being stationed at Naval Air Station Keflavik, Iceland. It was inactivated on June 28, 2006.

Contents

History

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Operations

Operated as a training unit within the United States, first using Vultee V-72 aircraft. Converted to A-24 Banshees in August 1942, A-36 Apaches in early 1943, and P-40 Warhawks in early 1944. Received a few P-47 Thunderbolts in March 1944. Participated in maneuvers in California during fall and winter of 1942 through 1943 and in Kentucky in April 1943. Afterward, served as a replacement training unit until it disbanded on May 1, 1944.

Between 1952 and 1961, provided air defense for Iceland, operated Keflavik Airport, and furnished base support for all U.S. military forces in Iceland participating in its defense under the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Installation transferred to the U.S. Navy on June 30, 1961, along with base support activities. Air Forces Iceland continued the air defense mission of Iceland as a tenant organization at Keflavik until 1993. After a brief period of inactivation (June 1993 through September 1994), resumed air defense mission of Iceland.

The 85th Group inactivated during a one-hour, formal ceremony on June 28, 2006, because the Air Force had announced a reduction in forces for Iceland. All rotational fighters left and the 56th Rescue Squadron ceased operation at the end of the fiscal year.

Lineage

  • Established as 85th Bombardment Group (Light) on January 13, 1942
Activated on February 10, 1942
Redesignated: 85th Bombardment Group (Dive) on July 27, 1942
Redesignated: 85th Fighter-Bomber Group on August 10, 1943
Disestablished on May 1, 1944
  • Reestablished, and redesignated 85th Tactical Fighter Training Wing on July 31, 1985
Consolidated (September 29, 1994) with Air Forces Iceland, which was established as Iceland Air Defense Force, and organized, on April 1, 1952
Redesignated Air Forces Iceland on January 1, 1960
Inactivated on May 31, 1993
  • Redesignated 85th Wing on September 29, 1994
Activated on October 1, 1994
Redesignated 85th Group on July 1, 1995.

Assignments

3 Air Support Command, February 10, 1942
III Bomber Command, March 16, 1942
XII Bomber Command, May 2, 1942
III Bomber Command, May 8, 1942
III Ground Air Support (later, III Air Support) Command, August 10, 1942
IV Air Support Command, November 2, 1942
Desert Training Center, January 21, 1943
III Air Support Command, April 8, 1943
23 Bombardment Training Wing, April 10, 1943
III Fighter Command, August 6, 1943 – May 1, 1944
(Established as Iceland Air Defense Force)
65th Air Division, April 24, 1952 – March 8, 1954
64th Air Division, July 1, 1962
26th Air Division, July 1, 1963
Goose Air Defense Sector, September 4, 1963 (GADS)
37th Air Division, April 1, 1966
21st Air Division, December 31, 1969
First Air Force, December 6, 1985 – May 31, 1993
Eighth Air Force, October 1, 1994
Third Air Force, October 1, 2002
48th Fighter Wing, October 8, 2004 – June 28, 2006

Stations

Components

Groups

  • 85th Operations: October 1, 1994 – July 1, 1995
  • 1400th Operations: December 18, 1955 – July 1, 1960

Squadrons

  • 56th Rescue: July 1, 1995 – June 28, 2006
  • 57th Fighter-Interceptor: November 13, 1954 – December 18, 1955; July 1, 1960 – May 31, 1993
  • 85th Operations: April 15, 1996 – June 28, 2006
  • 305th Bombardment (later, 499th Fighter-Bomber): February 10, 1942 – May 1, 1944
  • 306th Bombardment (later, 500th Fighter-Bomber): February 10, 1942 – May 1, 1944
  • 307th Bombardment (later, 501st Fighter-Bomber): February 10, 1942 – May 1, 1944
  • 308th Bombardment (later 502d Fighter-Bomber): February 10, 1942 – May 1, 1944.

Aircraft

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links


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