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86th United States Congress
USCapitol1956.jpg
United States Capitol (1956)

Duration: January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1961

President of the Senate: Richard M. Nixon
President pro tempore: Carl Hayden
Speaker of the House: Samuel T. Rayburn
Members: 100 Senators
437 (temp) Representatives
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
1st: January 7, 1959 – September 15, 1959
2nd: January 6, 1960 – September 1, 1960
<85th 87th>

The Eighty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1959 to January 3, 1961, during the last two years of Dwight Eisenhower's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventeenth Census of the United States in 1950. Both chambers had a Democratic majority. When Alaska and Hawaii were admitted as states in 1959, the membership of the House temporarily increased to 437 (seating one member from each of those newly-admitted states and leaving the apportionment of the other 435 seats unchanged).

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

States admitted

  • August 21, 1959: Hawaii was admitted as the 50th state.

Party summaries

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Senate

TOTAL members: 100

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 437. The increase over the usual 435 members was due to the admission of Alaska and Hawaii, whose seats were temporary until reapportionment following the 1960 Census.

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

Senate

Senate composition by party at the beginning of the 86th Congress (Alaska was admitted as a state on the same day this Congress started; Senators from Hawaii did not take office until later in 1959.)

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

1. Benjamin A. Smith II (D), appointed to fill vacancy

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

3. Edward V. Long (D), appointed to fill vacancy

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

1. Clarence Norman Brunsdale (R), appointed to fill vacancy
1. Quentin N. Burdick (D), elected to fill vacancy

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

2. Hall S. Lusk (D), appointed to fill vacancy
2. Maurine Brown Neuberger (D), elected to fill vacancy

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House of Representatives

     80.1-100% Republican      80.1-100% Democratic
     60.1-80% Republican      60.1-80% Democratic
           
House seats by party holding plurality in state

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide at-large, are preceded by an "At-large," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

4. William J. Randall (D), elected to fill vacancy

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

23. Jacob H. Gilbert (D), elected to fill vacancy
43. Charles E. Goodell (R), elected to fill vacancy

North Carolina

12. Roy A. Taylor (D), elected to fill vacancy

North Dakota

Ohio

6. Ward Miller (R), elected to fill vacancy

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Vacant November 6, 1959 - April 25, 1960
Herman T. Schneebeli (R), elected to fill vacancy, installed April 26, 1960
Vacant January 8, 1960 - April 25, 1960
Douglas H. Elliott (R), elected to fill vacancy April 26, 1960, died June 19, 1960
Vacant June 20, 1960 - November 7, 1960
J. Irving Whalley (R), elected to fill vacancy, installed November 8, 1960

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

3. Julia Butler Hansen (D), elected to fill vacancy

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

Non-voting members

References


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