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8th Reconnaissance Group: Wikis

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8th Reconnaissance Group
Active 1943-1945
Country United States
Branch United States Army Air Force
Role Reconnaissance
Part of Tenth Air Force
Garrison/HQ China Burma India Theater of World War II
Engagements Burma Campaign 1944-1945
China Defensive Campaign (1944-1945)
China Offensive Campaign (1945)

The 8th Reconnaissance Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last duty station was at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey, where it was inactivated on 5 November 1945.

The group operated as an umbrella support organization, with its component flying squadrons operating independently over a wide area in the China Burma India Theater of World War II, supporting local tactical ground forces near the front lines, frequently moving from one airfield to another.

Contents

History

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Lineage

  • Constituted as 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Group on 15 Sep 1943
Activated on 1 Oct 1943
Redesignated 8th Reconnaissance Group in Jun 1945
Inactivated on 5 Nov 1945
Disbanded on 6 Mar 1947
  • Reconstituted 31 Jul 1985 and redesignated 318th Electronic Warfare Group
Redesignated 318th Information Operations Group, 1 Jul 2000

Assignments

Stations

Headquarters:

Component Squadrons and Flights were stationed at numerous airfields in India, Burma and China (See below)

Components

  • 9th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 25 Apr 1944-7 Oct 1945
Assigned to (prior to 25 Apr 1944):
Tenth Air Force, 29 Mar 1942 (flight attached to Fourteenth Air Force, 10 Mar-12 Jul 1943)
AAF India-Burma Sector, 30 Oct 1943 (attached to 5306th Photographic and Reconnaissance Group [Prow], 30 Oct 1943-17 Jan 1944, and to Tenth Air Force, 17 Jan-7 Mar 1944)
Tenth Air Force, 7 Mar 1944
Stationed at:
Karachi Airport, India, 24 Jul 1942
Flight at Kunming Airport, China, Nov 1942-12 Jul 1943
Detachment thereof operating from Kweilin Airfield, China, c. Feb-12 Jul 1943
Chakulia Airfield, India, 30 Nov 1942
Detachment operated from Dinjan Airfield, India, 18 Mar-Jul 1943
Pandaveswar Airfield, India, 3 Jan 1943
Detachment operated from Dinjan Airfield, India, Sep 1943-20 May 1944
Barrackpore Airfield, India, 29 Oct 1943
Detachment operated from Tingkawk Sakan Airfield, Burma, 16 Aug-30 Nov 1944
Detachment operated from Myitkyina Airfield, Burma, 27 Nov-c. 5 Dec 1944
Detachment Operated from Chittagong Airfield, India, c. 9 Oct-21 Dec 1944
Myitkyina Airfield, Burma, c. 5 Dec 1944
Piardoba Airfield, India, c. 1 May 1945
Malir Airfield, India, Oct-c. 14 Nov 1945
  • 20th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 25 Apr 1944-7 Oct 1945
Assigned to (prior to 25 Apr 1944):
AAF India-Burma Sector, 26 Dec 1943 (attached to 5306th Photographic and Reconnaissance Group [Prow], 26 Dec 1943-17 Jan 1944, and to Tenth Air Force, 17 Jan-7 Mar 1944)
Tenth Air Force, 7 Mar 1944 (attached to 5320th Air Defense Wing [Prov], Mar-May 1944)
Stationed at:
Guskhara Airfield, India, 5 Jan 1944
Flight operated from Kisselbari Airfield, India, after 6 Mar 1944
Kisselbari Airfield, India, 26 Mar 1944
Operated from Dinjan Airfield, India, 1 May-20 Jun 1944
Detachment thereof operating from Tingkawk Sakan Airfield, Burma, after 21 May 1944
Operated primarily from Tingkawk Sakan Airfield, Burma, 21 Jun-c. l0 Nov 1944
Detachment thereof operating from Myitkyina Airfield, Burma, 10 Jul-c. 25 Aug 1944
Operated primarily from Myitkyina Airfield, Burma, c. 9 Nov 1944
Flight operated from Akyab Airfield, Burma, 12 Apr-22 May 1945
Nagaghuli Airfield, India, C. 20 Apr 1945
Dergaon Airfield, India, 9 Jul 1945
Piardoba Airfield, India, Sep-Nov 1945
  • 24th Combat Mapping Squadron, 25 Apr 1944-7 Oct 1945
Assigned to (prior to 25 Apr 1944):
AAF, India-Burma Sector, 26 Dec 1943 (attached to 5306th Photographic and Reconnaissance Group [Prov], z6 Dec 1943-17 Jan 1944, and to Tenth Air Force, 17 Jan-7 Mar 1944)
Tenth Air Force, 7 Mar 1944
Stationed at:
Guskhara Airfield, India, 5 Jan 1944
Detachment operated from Hsinching Airfield, China, 17 Mar-9 Apr 1944
Detachment operated from Jorhat Airfield, India, 9-22 Apr 1944
Detachment operated from Hsinching Airfield, China, 27 Apr-c. 1 Jul 1944
Detachment operated from Liuchow Airfield, China, 10 Jul-22 Sep 1944
Detachment operated from Chanyi Airfield, China, 22 Sep 1944-17 Feb 1945
Element at Hsinching Airfield, China, Oct-Nov 1944
Element at Pengshan Airfield, China, Nov 1944
Tulihal Airfield and Cox's Bazar Airfield, India, Feb-c. 7 Oct 1945
  • 40th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 18 Jul 1944-7 Oct 1945
Guskhara Airfield, India, 18 Jul 1944
Alipore Airfield, India, 9 Aug 1944
Detachment at Cox's Bazar Airfield, India, after c. 10 Dec 1944
Cox's Bazar Airfield, India, 18 Jan 1945
Akyab Airfield, Burma, 14 Feb 1945
Alipore Airfield, India, C. 15 May 1945
Kanchrapara Airfield, India, Sep–c. 4 Oct 1945

Non-Flying ground support squadrons

  • 2nd Combat Camera Unit
  • 3d Photo Technical Unit
  • 7th Photo Technical Sq
  • 10th Combat Camera Unit
  • 17th AAF Photo Intelligence Det
  • 958th Engineer Co (Avn) Topographic

Aircraft

Operational history

Organized at Peterson Field, Colorado in October 1943, then trained to provide photographic intelligence for air and ground forces at Gainesville AAF, Texas.

Moved to India, Feb-Mar 1944 and assigned to Tenth Air Force. Equipped with F-5, F-6, and F7 aircraft. Conducted photographic reconnaissance, photographic, mapping, and visual reconnaissance missions. Products created ranged from maps, mosaics, terrain models, to target charts of areas in Burma, China, French Indochina, and Thailand. Personnel also bombed and strafed enemy installations and provided escort for bombardment units, since the photographic aircraft were dual-capable as bombers.

Redesignated 8th Reconnaissance Group in Jun 1945. Returned to the US, Oct-Nov 1945. Inactivated on 5 Nov 1945.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.

External links


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