The Full Wiki

90th Missile Wing: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

90th Missile Wing
90th Space Wing.png
90th Missile Wing emblem
Active 1950–Present
Country United States
Allegiance United States Air Force
Branch Air Force Global Strike Command
Type Missile
Role Nuclear Deterrence
Part of Twentieth Air Force
Garrison/HQ Warren AFB, Wyoming
Motto IMPAVIDE - "Undauntedly"
Decorations Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg DUC
Outstanding Unit ribbon.svg AFOUA
Presidential Unit Citation (Philippines).svg PPUC
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Lincoln D. Faurer
Lance W. Lord

The 90th Missile Wing (90 MW) is a unit of the United States Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC) Twentieth Air Force. It is stationed at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyoming.

The mission of the "Mighty Ninety" is to defend America with the world's most powerful combat ready ICBM force of 150 Minuteman III ICBMs being on full alert 24 hours a day, 365 days a year at 20 missile alert facilities deployed over 12,600 square miles.

The Wing's origins date to 1942 when the 90th Bombardment Group was established. It operated primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater as an B-24 Liberator heavy bomber unit assigned to Fifth Air Force. The 90th Operations Group carries the lineage and history of its highly decorated World War II predecessor unit.

Contents

Units

  • The 90th Operations Group provides over 1,500 combat-ready personnel on continuous alert to operate, protect, maintain, and support 150 ICBMs and 20 missile alert facilities deployed over 12,600 square miles and provides the North American Aerospace Defense Command and the Air Force Global Strike Command with road mobile, survivable, and endurable command, control, and communications, and base support capability.
  • The 90th Mission Support Group provides mission support to 20th Air Force, 90th MW and all associate organizations. This support includes base engineering, food services, billeting, recreational programs, transportation, contracting support, central base administration and educational and personnel services for more than 4,000 military and civilian employees and their families.
  • The 90th Security Forces Group provides continuous security for the 90th Missile Wing's and our nation's most vital assets.
  • The 90th Maintenance Group works 24 hours a day, 365 days a year to ensure the world's most powerful ICBM force remains safe, reliable and effective. They provide training and evaluation for over 650 maintenance personnel, maintaining over 200 specialized maintenance vehicles, and 850 mission specific pieces of equipment.

History

For additional history and lineage, see 90th Operations Group
Advertisements

Lineage

  • Established as 90 Bombardment Wing, Medium, on 20 Dec 1950
Activated on 2 Jan 1951
Redesignated as 90 Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, Medium, on 16 Jun 1956
Discontinued on 20 Jun 1960
  • Redesignated as 90 Strategic Missile Wing (ICBM-Minuteman) on 21 Feb 1963
Organized on 1 Jul 1963
Redesignated as 90 Missile Wing on 1 Sep 1991
Redesignated as 90 Space Wing on 1 Oct 1992
Redesignated as 90 Missile Wing on 1 Jul 2008

Assignments

Attached to 92d Bombardment Wing, Heavy, 2-31 Jan 1951

Components

Group

  • 90 Bombardment (later, 90 Operations): 2 Jan 1951-16 Jun 1952; 1 Sep 1991-Present

Squadrons

  • 90 Air Refueling: 5 Aug 1955-20 Jun 1960
  • 319 Bombardment (later, 319 Strategic Reconnaissance; 319 Strategic Missile): attached 16 Feb 1951-15 Jun 1952, assigned 16 Jun 1952-20 Jun 1960; assigned 1 Oct 1963-1 Sep 1991
  • 320 Bombardment (later, 320 Strategic Reconnaissance; 320 Strategic Missile): attached 16 Feb 1951-15 Jun 1952, assigned 16 Jun 1952-20 Jun 1960; assigned 8 Jan 1964-1 Sep 1991
  • 321 Bombardment (later, 321 Strategic Reconnaissance; 321 Strategic Missile): attached 16 Feb 1951-15 Jun 1952, assigned 16 Jun 1952-20 Jun 1960; assigned 9 Apr 1964-1 Sep 1991
  • 400 Bombardment (later, 400 Strategic Missile): 1 Jul 1964-1 Sep 1991

Stations

Aircraft and missiles

  • B-29, 1951-1954; RB-29, 1951, 1952-1954; TB-29, 1951-1952; KB-29, 1953-1954
  • RB-47, 1954-1960
  • KC-97, 1955-1960
  • Minuteman I, 1964-1974
  • Minuteman III, 1973-Present
  • Peacekeeper, 1986-2005.

Operations

Established as 90 Bombardment Wing, Medium, on 20 Dec 1950. Became operational training unit for B-29 Superfortress aircrews and mechanics, May 1951-Sep 1952; also replacement training unit for B-29 aircrews, Jun 1951-Aug 1953 and RB-29 aircrews, Nov 1952-Aug 1953, bound for combat in Korean War under Far East Air Forces. Also trained Shoran personnel for Strategic Air Command (SAC), Nov 1952-Nov 1953.

Flew strategic reconnaissance missions, Sep 1953-May 1958, and air refueling missions, Feb 1956-Jun 1960. Served as RB-47 Stratojet combat crew training wing, May 1958-Jun 1960. Deployed at Eielson AFB, Alaska, 5 May-31 Aug 1955. Inactivated in 1960 as part of phaseout of RB-47.

The 90th Strategic Missile Wing was reactivated on 1 July 1963, when Strategic Air Command organized the first wing dedicated solely to intercontinental ballistic missile operations. Atlas D and E missile sites in eastern Wyoming, western Nebraska, and northern Colorado were placed under the command and control of F.E. Warren AFB.

In the early 1960s, 200 Minuteman I missiles replaced the Atlas. Unlike previous weapon systems, these had the capability of being fired from hardened and widely-dispersed underground silo launchers. The first Minuteman missiles deployed at F.E. Warren AFB were the "B" models, which contained one warhead. These missiles incorporated significant advances beyond the liquid-fueled, remote-controlled Atlas missiles. The Minuteman III, which can carry a maximum of three warheads, replaced the Minuteman I in 1975.

In 1988, 50 Peacekeeper missiles were brought on alert in modified Minuteman III missile silos. The Peacekeeper, the most powerful ICBM in the world, is capable of delivering 10 independently-targeted warheads with greater accuracy than any other ballistic missile. Its deployment fulfilled a key goal of the strategic modernization program and added strength and credibility to the ground-based leg of the strategic triad of the United States.

Following the Cold War, the Air Force began restructuring and downsizing in 1992. Strategic Air Command (SAC) and Tactical Air Command (TAC) were inactivated June 1, 1992, and former elements, including the 90th Space Wing at F.E. Warren AFB, were aligned under the new Air Combat Command (ACC), headquartered at Langley AFB, VA. On July 1, 1993, the 20th Air Force, headquarters for all U.S. ICBM operations (including the 90th Space Wing), was realigned under Air Force Space Command (AFSPC), headquartered at Peterson AFB, CO.

The 90th was selected as the first missile base to upgrade Minuteman III Launch Control Centers (LCC’s) with the Rapid Execution and Combat Targeting (REACT) modification. Existing LCC’s had not been upgraded significantly since being brought on line in the early 1960’s. REACT replaced the outdated command and control consoles with a single, integrated state of the art, computer processing console. Major improvements in automation allow combat crews to more rapidly process message traffic and carry out execution orders if needed. The REACT and other planned modernization programs will ensure that the Minuteman III system will be a formidable weapons system well into the 21st Century.

Gave up Peacekeeper weapon system in 2005, but maintained Minuteman missiles. Redesignated as 90th Missile Wing in 2008 and in 2009 was assigned to the United States Air Force Global Strike Command.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Notes

Bibliography

  • Segal, Jules (ed.). The Jolly Rogers: The 90th Bombardment Group in the Southwest Pacific, 1942–1944. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing, 1997. ISBN 0-76430-258-2.

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message