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93rd United States Congress
USCapitol.jpg
United States Capitol (2002)

Duration: January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1975

President of the Senate: Spiro Agnew (until October 10, 1973)
Gerald Ford (Dec 6, 1973 to Aug 9, 1974)
Nelson Rockefeller (beginning on Dec 19, 1974)
President pro tempore: James Eastland
Speaker of the House: Carl Albert
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
Senate Majority: Democratic Party
House Majority: Democratic Party

Sessions
1st: January 3, 1973 – December 22, 1973
2nd: January 21, 1974 – December 20, 1974
<92nd 94th>

The Ninety-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1973 to January 3, 1975, during the end of Richard Nixon's presidency, and the beginning of Gerald Ford's. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Nineteenth Census of the United States in 1970. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

President of the Senate
Spiro Agnew
President of the Senate
Gerald Ford
President of the Senate
Nelson Rockefeller

Major events

Major legislation

Makeup of the U.S. Senate at the start of the 93rd Congress, color-coded by party. Note: The orange stripes in New York and the gray stripes in Virginia denote Conservative Sen. James L. Buckley and Independent Sen. Harry F. Byrd, Jr., respectively.

Hearings

Party summary

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Senate

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Independent
Democratic
Republican Conservative Vacant
End of the previous congress 54 1 44 1 100 0
Begin 56 1 42 1 100 0
End 57 40 99 1
Final voting share 58.6% 40.4% 1.0%
Beginning of the next congress 60 1 37 1 99 1

House of Representatives

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Vacant
End of previous Congress 252 178 430 5
Begin 240 192 432 3
End 237 183 420 15
Final voting share 56.4% 45.6%
Beginning of next Congress 291 144 435 0

Leadership

Contents: Senate: Majority (D), Minority (R)House: Majority (D), Minority (R)

Senate

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 means their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1976; Class 2 means their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1978; and Class 3 means their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1974.

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House seats by party holding plurality in state
     80.1-100% Republican      80.1-100% Democratic
     60.1-80% Republican      60.1-80% Democratic
           

House of Representatives

Section contents: Alabama — Alaska — Arizona —Arkansas — California — Colorado — Connecticut — Delaware — Florida — Georgia — Hawaii — Idaho — Illinois — Indiana — Iowa — Kansas — Kentucky — Louisiana — Maine — Maryland — Massachusetts — Michigan — Minnesota — Mississippi — Missouri — Montana — Nebraska — Nevada — New Hampshire — New Jersey — New Mexico — New York — North Carolina — North Dakota — Ohio — Oklahoma — Oregon — Pennsylvania — Rhode Island — South Carolina — South Dakota — Tennessee — Texas — Utah — Vermont — Virginia — Washington — West Virginia — Wisconsin — Wyoming — Non-voting members

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

Senate

State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Ohio William B. Saxbe (R) Resigned January 3, 1974 to become Attorney General Howard Metzenbaum (D) Appointed January 4, 1974
Nevada Alan Bible (D) Resigned December 17, 1974, to give successor preferential seniority Paul Laxalt (R) Appointed December 18, 1974, having already been elected to the seat
Utah Wallace F. Bennett (R) Resigned December 20, 1974, to give successor preferential seniority Jake Garn (R) Appointed December 21, 1974, having already been elected to the seat
Ohio Howard Metzenbaum (D) Resigned December 23, 1974, to give successor preferential seniority John Glenn (D) Appointed December 24, 1974, having already been elected to the seat
Kentucky Marlow Cook (R) Resigned December 27, 1974, to give successor preferential seniority Wendell H. Ford (D) Appointed December 28, 1974, having already been elected to the seat
New Hampshire Norris Cotton (R) Resigned December 31, 1974, to give successor preferential seniority Louis C. Wyman (R) Appointed December 31, 1974, having already been elected to the seat
Florida Edward J. Gurney (R) Resigned December 31, 1974, in an influence peddling scandal Richard Stone (D) Appointed December 31, 1974, having already been elected to the seat
Arkansas J. William Fulbright (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Vacant until next Congress

House of Representatives

There were three deaths before this Congress began.

District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of successor's taking office
Alaska At-large None Nick Begich (D) and Hale Boggs (D) were lost in a plane crash on October 16, 1972, re-elected posthumously, and were declared dead before the new Congress convened. Don Young (R) March 6, 1973
Louisiana 2nd Lindy Boggs (D) March 20, 1973
Michign 7th Donald W. Riegle, Jr. (R) Switched party affiliation Donald W. Riegle, Jr. (D) February 27, 1973
Illinois 7th Vacant George W. Collins (D), died December 8, 1972, before the Congress began Cardiss Collins (D) June 5, 1973
Maryland 1st William Mills (R) Committed suicide May 24, 1973 Robert Bauman (R) August 21, 1973
Pennsylvania 12th John Saylor (R) Died October 28, 1973 John Murtha (D) February 5, 1974
Michigan 5th Gerald Ford (R) Resigned December 6, 1973 to become Vice President Richard VanderVeen (D) February 18, 1974
California 13th Charles Teague (R) Died January 1, 1974 Robert Lagomarsino (R) 1974-03-05
Ohio 1st William Keating (R) Resigned January 3, 1974 Tom Luken (D) March 5, 1974
Michigan 8th James Harvey (R) Resigned January 31, 1974 after being appointed as a judge of the US District Court of the Eastern District of Michigan Bob Traxler (D) 1974-04-23
California 6th William Mailliard (R) Resigned March 5, 1974 John Burton (D) 1974-06-04
Illinois 24th Kenneth J. Gray (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Kentucky 1st Frank Stubblefield (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Massachusetts 3rd Harold Donohue (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Michigan 6th Charles E. Chamberlain (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Michigan 17th Martha Griffiths (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
New Hampshire 1st Louis C. Wyman (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 after being appointed to the US Senate Remained vacant until next Congress
New Jersey 7th William B. Widnall (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
New York 14th John J. Rooney (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
New York 15th Hugh L. Carey (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
New York 29th Carleton J. King (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
New York 37th Thaddeus J. Dulski (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Ohio 23rd William Minshall (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Oregon 3 Edith S. Green (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Pennsylvania 25th Frank M. Clark (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
South Carolina 3rd W.J. Bryan Dorn (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
South Carolina 5th Thomas S. Gettys (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Virginia 10th Joel Broyhill (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 after being defeated for re-election Remained vacant until next Congress

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Elections

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links


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