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97th United States Congress
USCapitol.jpg
United States Capitol (2002)

Duration: January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1983

President of the Senate: Walter Mondale (until Jan. 20, 1981)
George Bush (starting Jan. 20, 1981)
President pro tempore: Strom Thurmond
Speaker of the House: Tip O'Neil
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican Party
House Majority: Democratic Party

Sessions
1st: January 5, 1981 – December 16, 1981
2nd: January 25, 1982 – December 23, 1982
<96th 98th>

The Ninety-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1981 to January 3, 1983, during the final weeks of Jimmy Carter's presidency and the first two years of Ronald Reagan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Nineteenth Census of the United States in 1970. The House of Representatives had a Democratic majority. The Republicans gained control of the Senate, the first time that Republicans gained control of any chamber of Congress since 1953.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

Constitutional amendments

Special or select committees

  • Senate Select Committee on Small Business — Became a standing committee on March 25, 1981
  • Senate Select Committee on Law Enforcement Undercover Activities of the Justice Department — March 24, 1982 - December 15, 1982

Party summary

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Senate

Affiliation Members
  Republican Party 53
  Democratic Party 46
  Independent 1
Total 100

House of Representatives

Affiliation Members Voting
share
  Democratic Party 244 56.1%
  Republican Party 191 43.9%
Total 435

Leadership

Contents: Senate: Majority (R), Minority (D)House: Majority (D), Minority (R)

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House seats by party holding plurality in state
     >80% Republican      >80% Democratic
     >60% Republican      >60% Democratic
     >50% Republican      >50% Democratic
     (Striped): even split

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress.

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House of Representatives

Members of the House of Representatives are listed by their districts.

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

Senate

There were 2 resignations.

State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of successor's taking office
New Jersey
(Class 1)
Harrison A. Williams
(D)
Resigned March 11, 1982 before a planned expulsion vote, having been convicted of bribery in the Abscam sting operation. His successor was appointed to complete the term. Nicholas F. Brady
(R)
April 27, 1982
New Jersey
(Class 1)
Nicholas F. Brady
(R)
Resigned December 27, 1982 so his elected successor could be appointed for preferential seniority. Frank Lautenberg
(D)
December 27, 1982

House of Representatives

There were 4 deaths, 2 resignations, one declared vacancy, and one party change.

District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of successor's taking office
Maryland 5th Gladys Spellman (D) Incapacitated since last Congress and seat declared vacant February 24, 1981 Steny H. Hoyer (D) May 19, 1981
Ohio 4th Tennyson Guyer (R) Died April 12, 1981 Mike Oxley (R) June 25, 1981
Mississippi 4th Jon Hinson (R) Resigned April 13, 1981 Wayne Dowdy (D) July 7, 1981
Pennsylvania 3rd Raymond F. Lederer (D) Resigned April 29, 1981, before a planned expulsion vote, having been convicted of bribery in the Abscam sting operation Joseph F. Smith (D) July 21, 1981
Connecticut 1st William R. Cotter (D) Died September 7, 1981 Barbara B. Kennelly (D) January 12, 1982
Pennsylvania 25th Eugene Atkinson (D) Changed parties October 14, 1981 Eugene Atkinson (R) October 14, 1981
Ohio 17th John M. Ashbrook (R) Died April 24, 1982 Jean Spencer Ashbrook (R) June 29, 1982
Indiana 1st Adam Benjamin, Jr. (D) Died September 7, 1982 Katie B. Hall (D) November 2, 1982

Employees

Data unknown or missing. (You can help!)

Senate

Data unknown or missing. (You can help!)

House of Representatives

Data unknown or missing. (You can help!)

See also

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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