9th United States Congress: Wikis

  
  

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9th United States Congress
USCapitol1800.jpg
United States Capitol (1800)

Duration: March 4, 1805 – March 4, 1807

President of the Senate: George Clinton
President pro tempore: Samuel Smith
Speaker of the House: Nathaniel Macon
Members: 34 Senators
142 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic-Republican
House Majority: Democratic-Republican

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1805 – March 4, 1805
1st: December 2, 1805 – April 21, 1806
2nd: December 1, 1806 – March 4, 1807
<8th 10th>

The Ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1805 to March 4, 1807, during the fifth and sixth years of Thomas Jefferson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Second Census of the United States in 1800. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Major events

Major legislation

Territories organized

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

President of the Senate George Clinton

TOTAL members: 34

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 142

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

President pro tempore
Samuel Smith

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1808; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1810; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1806.

Connecticut

Delaware

Georgia

Kentucky

Maryland

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

Virginia

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are listed by their districts.

Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware

Georgia

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Kentucky

Maryland

The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

There were four plural districts, the 1st, 2nd, & 3rd had three representatives each, the 4th had two representatives.

Rhode Island

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

Virginia

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate

State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Kentucky
class 3
John Breckinridge (DR) Resigned August 7, 1805 after being appointed United States Attorney General John Adair (DR) Seated November 8, 1805
Georgia
class 3
James Jackson (DR) Died March 19, 1806 John Milledge (DR) Seated June 19, 1806
Maryland
class 3
Robert Wright (DR) Resigned November 12, 1806 after being elected Governor of Maryland Philip Reed (DR) Seated November 25, 1806
Kentucky
class 3
John Adair (DR) Resigned November 18, 1806 after losing the election Henry Clay (DR) Seated November 19, 1806

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Connecticut
At-large
Vacant Calvin Goddard (F) resigned before the beginning of this Congress Timothy Pitkin (F) Seated September 16, 1805
Connecticut
At-large
Vacant Roger Griswold (F) resigned before the beginning of this Congress Lewis B. Sturges (F) Seated September 16, 1805
Pennsylvania
11th
Vacant John B. C. Lucas (DR) resigned before the beginning of this Congress Samuel Smith (DR) Seated November 7, 1805
Pennsylvania
4th
John A. Hanna (DR) Died July 23, 1805 Robert Whitehill (DR) Seated November 7, 1805
North Carolina
10th
Nathaniel Alexander (DR) Resigned November, 1805 after being elected Governor of North Carolina Evan S. Alexander (DR) Seated February 24, 1806
Indiana Territory Vacant Territory elected delegate to Congress for first time Benjamin Parke Non-voting delegate Elected December 12, 1805 after delegate seat established
Georgia
At-large
Cowles Mead (DR) Lost contested election December 24, 1805 Thomas Spalding (DR) Seated December 24, 1805
Georgia
At-large
Joseph Bryan (DR) Resigned in 1806 Dennis Smelt (DR) September 1, 1806
Georgia
At-large
Thomas Spalding (DR) Resigned in 1806 William W. Bibb (DR) Seated January 26, 1807
Pennsylvania
1st
Michael Leib (DR) Resigned Feruary 14, 1806 John Porter (DR) Seated December 8, 1806
Maryland
7th
Joseph H. Nicholson (DR) Resigned March 1, 1806 Edward Lloyd (DR) Seated December 3, 1806
Virginia
13th
Christopher H. Clark (DR) Resigned July 1, 1806 William A. Burwell (DR) December 1, 1806
Connecticut
At-large
John Cotton Smith (F) Resigned August, 1806 Theodore Dwight (F) December 1, 1806
Territory of Orleans Vacant Territory elected delegate to Congress for first time Daniel Clark Non-voting delegate Elected December 1, 1806 after delegate seat established
Pennsylvania
3rd
Christian Lower (DR) Resigned December 19, 1806 Vacant Not filled for remainder of term
South Carolina
6th
Levi Casey (DR) Died February 3, 1807 Vacant Not filled for remainder of term

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links








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