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Arthur Hilary Armstrong (13 August 1909 – 16 October 1997) was an English educator and author. Armstrong is recognized as one of the foremost authorities on the philosophical teachings of Plotinus ca. 205–270 CE. His multi-volume translation of the philosopher's teachings is regarded as an essential tool of classical studies.



Armstrong was born in Hove, England. He was the son of W. A (clergy) and E. Cripps Armstrong. He married Deborah Wilson in 1933. He has two sons and three daughters. He received a B.A. from the University of Cambridge in 1932 and his M.A. in 1935. His hobbies and other interests included travel and gardening. He was made a fellow of the British Academy in 1970 and a fellow in the American Catholic Philosophical Association.


Armstrong began his teaching career in 1936 at University College, Swansea, Wales. This lasted until 1939 when he moved to the Royal University of Malta in Valletta as a professor of classics. In 1943, he became a classical sixth form master at Beaumont College, Old Windsor, Berkshire, England. Three years later in 1946, he went to Cardiff University as a lecturer in Latin. In 1950, he was named the Gladstone Professor of Greek at University of Liverpool in Liverpool, England. He was made a professor emeritus in 1972.

From 1970 to 1971, Armstrong was named a Killam Senior Fellow at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. He also achieved a visiting professorship of classics and philosophy there beginning in 1972. He was also named a visiting professor at Manhattanville College in 1966.

In 1973, he won the Aquinas Medal from the American Catholic Philosophical Association.

See also


  • The Architecture of the Intelligible Universe in the Philosophy of Plotinus: An Analytical and Historical Study, Cambridge University Press, 1940.
  • Plotinus, (as Translator) Allen & Unwin, 1953, Collier, 1962.
  • An Introduction to Ancient Philosophy, Methuen, 1947, 4th edition, Methuen, 1966.
  • Christian Faith and Greek Philosophy, (with R. A. Markus) Darton, Longman & Todd, 1960, Sheed, 1964.
  • Re-discovering Eastern Christendom: Essays in Commemoration of Dom Bede Winslow, (Editor with E.J.B. Fry), Darton, Longman & Todd, 1963.
  • Plotinus, seven volumes, (as Translator), Harvard University Press, 1966-1988.
  • St. Augustine and Christian Platonism, Villanova University Press, 1967.
  • The Cambridge History of Later Greek and Early Medieval Philosophy, (as Editor), Cambridge University Press, 1967.
  • The Church of England, the Methodists and Society: 1700 to 1850, Rowman & Littlefield, 1973.


  • Classical Quarterly
  • Mind
  • Journal of Hellenic Studies
  • Journal of Theological Studies
  • Downside Review


  • Contemporary Authors Online, Thomson Gale, 2003. Last Updated 10/28/2003. Date Accessed 2/23/2006.


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