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UK road A10.svg
A10 road
Direction South - North
Start City of London51°30′28″N 0°05′14″W / 51.5079°N 0.0872°W / 51.5079; -0.0872Coordinates: 51°30′28″N 0°05′14″W / 51.5079°N 0.0872°W / 51.5079; -0.0872
Primary
destinations1
Enfield
Hertford
Cambridge
Ely
Downham Market
End King's Lynn52°45′14″N 0°23′53″E / 52.754°N 0.398°E / 52.754; 0.398
Roads joined [ M⁠11 ⁠] M11 motorway
[ M⁠25 ⁠] M25 motorway
UK road A14.svg A14 road
UK road A104.svg A104 road
UK road A107.svg A107 road
UK road A109.svg A109 road
UK road A110.PNG A110 road
UK road A111.PNG A111 road
UK road A120.svg A120 road
UK road A121.PNG A121 road
UK road A134.PNG A134 road
UK road A142.PNG A142 road
UK road A149.PNG A149 road
UK road A1010.PNG A1010 road
UK road A1055.PNG A1055 road
UK road A1080.PNG A1080 road
UK road A1101.PNG A1101 road
UK road A1170.PNG A1170 road
UK road A1202.PNG A1202 road
UK road A1209.PNG A1209 road
UK road A1211.PNG A1211 road
UK road A1122.PNG A1122 road
UK road A1123.PNG A1123 road
UK road A1309.PNG A1309 road
UK road A3211.PNG A3211 road
UK road A47.svg A47 road
UK road A406.PNG A406 road
UK road A414.PNG A414 road
UK road A503.PNG A503 road
UK road A505.PNG A505 road
UK road A507.PNG A507 road
UK road A602.PNG A602 road
Notes
  1. Primary destinations as specified by the Department for Transport.


The A10 (in certain sections known as Great Cambridge Road or Old North Road) is a major road in England. Its southern end is at London Bridge in the City of London, and its northern end is the Norfolk port town of King's Lynn. From London to Royston it chiefly follows the line of Roman Ermine Street.

Contents

Route

A10 in the City of London
A10 outside Hertford facing south towards London
A10 Wadesmill Rebuild May 2004.jpg

Within the City of London, the route of the A10 comprises King William Street, Gracechurch Street, Bishopsgate and Norton Folgate. It then becomes Shoreditch High Street, Kingsland Road, Kingsland High Street and Stoke Newington Road. It runs through Stoke Newington as Stoke Newington High Street and then becomes Stamford Hill High Road until Tottenham, where a gyratory system is in place.

North of Tottenham, the A10 leaves its historical route of Tottenham High Road/Hertford Road (now A1010) to join the Great Cambridge Road via Bruce Grove and The Roundway. The Roundway is the southern end of a long dual carriageway section of the A10, which extends to just south of Buntingford. This dual carriageway section passes through the fringes of Enfield before crossing the M25 motorway at junction 25, near Waltham Cross.

Until the late 1970s, the Great Cambridge Road passed through the towns of Broxbourne, Hoddesdon and Ware (along what is now the A1170 road). Since then, an all-purpose road—which diverges off the original dual carriageway at Cheshuntbypasses these towns. The Kingsmead Viaduct takes the A10 over the Lea Valley between Hertford and Ware and the Hertford East Branch Line railway.

North of Ware, a further by-pass scheme was opened in late 2004, taking the A10 around the Hertfordshire villages of Wadesmill, Thundridge, High Cross, and Collier's End. The bypass would have opened sooner, but the lime-stabilised subsoil heaved and cracks opened up in the road surface. A substantial portion of the road surface had to be relaid.

Further north, there is another section of 1970s dual carriageway road between Puckeridge and Buntingford, the contract for which was awarded to Meres Construction Ltd in April 1972.[1] Buntingford was by-passed in the 1980s, however this is only single carriageway.

From Buntingford, the road runs through the villages of Chipping, Buckland, and Reed, before reaching the edge of Hertfordshire in the market town of Royston.

Once in Cambridgeshire, the topography changes from undulating hills to flat agricultural and fenlands, round the villages of Melbourn and Foxton (the road going over a level crossing adjacent to Foxton railway station), through Harston and up to the M11 motorway at junction 11, near Cambridge. A10 traffic is signposted to travel north on the M11, skirting round the top of Cambridge on the A14; however, the former course of the A10 turns into the A1309 and heads for the city centre.

The A10 reappears to the north of Cambridge at the Milton Interchange of the A14 and heads north, bypassing Ely and Downham Market before reaching the coast at King's Lynn in Norfolk. Its northern section runs along the valley of the River Great Ouse.

Abandoned schemes

Where the A10 bisects Cheshunt as an urban dual carriageway, it is prone to traffic congestion, in particular because of the many junctions with local roads. In the early 1990s properties beside the road were compulsorily purchased for a relief scheme that involved sinking the road below ground level through Cheshunt and converting the original alignment to single carriageway for local access. However, in the wake of protests against a similar scheme in Wanstead, this was dropped and the road remains a dual carriageway, with surrounding houses having been sold back to private buyers.

References

  1. ^ "News: By-pass in Hertfordshire". Autocar vol 136 (nbr 3968): page 17. date 4 May 1972.  

External links

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