The Full Wiki

A380: Wikis


Encyclopedia

(Redirected to Airbus A380 article)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Airbus A380
Airbus A380 in Emirates livery (October 2009)
Role Airliner
National origin Multi-national
Manufacturer Airbus
First flight 27 April 2005
Introduced 25 October 2007 with Singapore Airlines
Status In production
Primary users Singapore Airlines
Emirates
Qantas
Air France
Produced 2004 – present
Number built 43 as of February 2010[1]
Unit cost US$ 317.2 - 337.5 million[2]
.The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, a subsidiary of EADS.^ The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, a subsidiary of EADS. The largest passenger airliner in the world.
  • Airplane Airbus A380 | Airbus A380 | Airbus A380 Photo | Airbus A380 Picture | Airbus A380 Images | Airbus A380 Wallpaper | Airbus A380 Pics | Airplane Airbus A380 Photo | Airplane Airbus A380 Picture | Airplane Airbus A380 Images | Airplane Airbus A380 Wallpaper | Airplane Airbus A380 Pics | General News | World of Time Pass 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC worldoftimepass.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, four-engined airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. It first flew on April 27, 2005 from Toulouse in France .

^ The Airbus A380 is the worlds only twin-deck, four-aisle airliner.
  • Airbus A380 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.zap16.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The largest passenger airliner in the world, the A380 made its maiden flight on 27 April 2005 from Toulouse, France, and made its first commercial flight on 25 October 2007 from Singapore to Sydney with Singapore Airlines.^ First passengers flight: .
  • Airbus A380 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.zap16.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Toulouse payed tribute to the A380 for its maiden flight.
  • Airbus A380 - The Tale of a Wing - Google Earth Community 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC bbs.keyhole.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ October 15th 2007 (Singapore Airlines).
  • Airbus A380 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.zap16.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The aircraft was known as the Airbus A3XX during much of its development phase, but the nickname Superjumbo has since become associated with it.^ The A380 was nicknamed "Megaliner" during early development within Airbus.

^ The nickname Superjumbo has become associated with the A380.

^ I worked at Airbus during the development of the A380.
  • A380 at AirVenture 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.avweb.com [Source type: Original source]

.The A380's upper deck extends along the entire length of the fuselage, and its width is equivalent to that of a widebody aircraft.^ Three full decks will run along the entire length of the plane.
  • AIRBUS A380 Finally Revealed - Pictures, Video and Brochure 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.africatower.com [Source type: News]

^ The A380's upper deck extends along the entire length of the fuselage.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380's upper deck extends along almost the entire length of the fuselage, and its width is equivalent to that of a widebody aircraft.
  • Airbus A380 Aircraft Airliner History Information Facts and Interior A380 Pictures Photos 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: General]

.This allows for a cabin with 50% more floor space than the next-largest airliner, the Boeing 747-400, and provides seating for 525 people in a typical three-class configuration or up to 853 people in all-economy class configurations.^ Boeing 747 main deck economy class seating in 3-4-3 layout .

^ Boeing 747-400 Fracht .
  • Flughafen München - Flugzeugtypen 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.munich-airport.de [Source type: Academic]

^ If the plane seats 853 people..
  • Airbus A380: 5-star hotel on wings 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.you.uz [Source type: News]

.The postponed freighter version, the A380-800F, is offered as one of the largest freight aircraft, with a payload capacity exceeded only by the Antonov An-225.^ The other launch model, the A380-800F, will be one of the largest freight aircraft and will have a payload capacity exceeded only by the Antonov An-225.

^ A380-800F Freighter .
  • Airbus A380 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.zap16.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A380-800F freighter version .
  • Airbus A380 Superjumbo Twin-Deck, Twin-Aisle Airliner - Aerospace Technology 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.aerospace-technology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .The A380-800 has a design range of 15,200 km (8,200 nmi), sufficient to fly from New York to Hong Kong for example, and a cruising speed of Mach 0.85 (about 900 km/h or 560 mph at cruising altitude).^ The A380-800F, the freighter model, is offered as one of the largest freight aircraft, with a listed payload capacity exceeded only by the Antonov An-225.The A380-800 has a design range of 15,200 kilometres (8,200 nmi), sufficient to fly from Boston, Massachusetts to Hong Kong for example, and a cruising speed of Mach 0.85 (about 900 km/h or 560 mph at cruising altitude).
  • Airbus A380 Aircraft Airliner History Information Facts and Interior A380 Pictures Photos 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: General]

^ "The A380's maximum operating speed is Mach 0.89 and the range is 15,000km."
  • Airbus A380 Superjumbo Twin-Deck, Twin-Aisle Airliner - Aerospace Technology 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.aerospace-technology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380-800 has a design range of 15,200 kilometres (8,200 nmi), sufficient to fly from New York to Hong Kong for example, and a cruising speed of Mach 0.85 (about 900 km/h or 560 mph at cruise altitude) .

Contents

Development

Background

.In the summer of 1988, a group of Airbus engineers led by Jean Roeder began working in secret on the development of a ultra-high-capacity airliner (UHCA), both to complete its own range of products and to break the dominance that Boeing had enjoyed in this market segment since the early 1970s with its 747.^ Boeing 747: Design and Development since 1969 .

^ In the early 1990s, Airbus began to study the possibility of developing a jet with passenger capacity over 500 to directly compete with the Boeing 747.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first completed A380 at the "A380 Reveal" event in Toulouse Airbus started the development of a very large airliner in the early 1990s, both to complete its own range of products and to break the dominance that Boeing had enjoyed in this market segment since the early 1970s with its 747 .

[4] .McDonnell Douglas unsuccessfully offered its smaller, double-deck MD-12 concept for sale.^ McDonnell Douglas MD-11 .
  • Flughafen München - Flugzeugtypen 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.munich-airport.de [Source type: Academic]

^ The MD-12 was supposed to be McDonnell Douglas's next airplane after the MD-11.
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ McDonnell Douglas MD-11 Fracht .
  • Flughafen München - Flugzeugtypen 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.munich-airport.de [Source type: Academic]

[5][6] .Roeder was given approval for further evaluations of the UHCA after a formal presentation to the President and CEO in June 1990. The megaproject was announced at the 1990 Farnborough Air Show, with the stated goal of 15% lower operating costs than the 747-400.[7] Airbus organized four teams of designers, one from each of its EADS partners (Aérospatiale, DaimlerChrysler Aerospace, British Aerospace, EADS CASA) to propose new technologies for its future aircraft designs.^ British Airways Boeing 747-400 .

^ Farnborough Air Show: Middle East soars to new heights .
  • The Airbus A380: vital statistics - Telegraph 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ British Airways recently boosted the A380 programme by announcing that it would take 12 of the new aircraft, with the first due to arrive in 2012.
  • Airbus A380, world's largest passenger plane, completes historic flight -Times Online 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: News]

.The designs would be presented in 1992 and the most competitive designs would be used.^ Additionally, some of the most advanced high-lift devices used in the industry were included in the new design, in order to allow it to operate from existing airports.

[8]
.In January 1993, Boeing and several companies in the Airbus consortium started a joint feasibility study of an aircraft known as the Very Large Commercial Transport (VLCT), aiming to form a partnership to share the limited market.^ In January 1993, Boeing and several companies in the Airbus consortium started a joint feasibility study of an aircraft known as the Very Large Commercial Transport (VLCT), aiming to form a partnership to share the limited market.

^ These two new superjumbos now set the standards for very large aircraft in the 21st Century.
  • a380 and airbus s.a.s. Resources | BNET 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC resources.bnet.com [Source type: News]

^ Boeing Commercial Airplanes announced on October 13 , 2003 that due to the length of time required by marine shipping, air transport will be the primary method of transporting parts for the 787 (then known as the 7E7).
  • Boston University School of Theology 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: Academic]

[9][10] .This study was abandoned two years later, Boeing's interest having decreased.^ In fact, its previous test couple of years ago caused damages on the runway, with Lufthansa having to pay the maintenance costs later on.
  • Ethiopia: Super Jumbo Airbus A380 to Land in Addis Ababa 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC nazret.com [Source type: General]

^ Boeing NLA http://ebozz.net/photos/6264.jpg Not to be left behind, McDonnell Douglas was also having its own double-deck study.
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Boeing re-opened the 747SP production line to build one last 747SP five years later in 1987 for an order by the United Arab Emirates government.

[11]
.In June 1994, Airbus began developing its own very large airliner, designated the A3XX.[12][13] Airbus considered several designs, including an odd side-by-side combination of two fuselages from the A340, which was Airbus’s largest jet at the time.^ The first completed A380 at the "A380 Reveal" event in Toulouse.In June 1994, Airbus began developing its own very large airliner, designated the A3XX. Airbus considered several designs, including an odd side-by-side combination of two fuselages from the A340, which was Airbus’s largest jet at the time.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In June 1994, Airbus began developing its own very large airliner, designated the A3XX. Airbus considered several designs, including an odd side-by-side combination of two fuselages from the A340, which was Airbus’s largest jet at the time.

^ Airbus expects high demand for superjumbo jets both companies a very different picture of the future civil aviation painted.
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.beepworld.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14] .The A3XX was pitted against the VLCT study and Boeing’s own New Large Aircraft successor to the 747.[15][16] From 1997 to 2000, as the East Asian financial crisis darkened the market outlook, Airbus refined its design, targeting a 15 to 20 percent reduction in operating costs over the existing Boeing 747-400. The A3XX design converged on a double-decker layout that provided more passenger volume than a traditional single-deck design.^ From 1997 to 2000, as the East Asian financial crisis darkened the market outlook, Airbus refined its design, targeting a 15 to 20 percent reduction in operating costs over the existing Boeing 747-400.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since 1969, Boeing has had the market for large aircraft to itself.

^ Boeing 747-400 .
  • Flughafen München - Flugzeugtypen 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.munich-airport.de [Source type: Academic]
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17][18]
The first completed A380 at the "A380 Reveal" event held in Toulouse, France on 18 January 2005.

Design phase

.On 19 December 2000, the supervisory board of newly restructured Airbus voted to launch a 8.8-billion programme to build the A3XX, re-christened as the A380,[19][20] with 50 firm orders from six launch customers.^ Re: Airbus A380 Update v3 .
  • Airbus A380 - The Tale of a Wing - Google Earth Community 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC bbs.keyhole.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fatigue Test Airframe MSN5001 at IMA in Dresden 2005 On 19 December 2000, the supervisory board of newly restructured Airbus voted to launch a €8.8 billion program to build the A3XX, re-christened as the A380, with 55 orders from six launch customers.

^ On December 19, 2000, the supervisory board of newly restructured Airbus voted to launch a € 8.8 billion program to build the A3XX, re-christened as the A380, with 55 orders from six launch customers.

[21][22] .The A380 designation was a break from previous Airbus families, which had progressed sequentially from A300 to A340. It was chosen because the number 8 resembles the double-deck cross section, and is a lucky number in some Asian countries where the aircraft was being marketed.^ Airbus delivers 1000th A330/A340 Family Aircraft .
  • EADS N.V. - The Latest Press Releases 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.eads.com [Source type: News]
  • EADS N.V. - The Latest Press Releases 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.eads.com [Source type: News]

^ It was chosen because the number 8 resembles the double-deck cross section, and is a lucky number in some Asian countries where the aircraft was being marketed.

^ The A380 designation was a break from previous Airbus families, which had progressed sequentially from A300 to A340.

[14] .The aircraft’s configuration was finalised in early 2001, and manufacturing of the first A380 wing box component started on 23 January 2002. The development cost of the A380 had grown to €11 billion when the first aircraft was completed.^ The development cost of the A380 had grown to € 11 billion when the first aircraft was completed.

^ The aircraft’s final configuration was frozen in early 2001, and manufacturing of the first A380 wing box component started on 23 January 2002.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first complete A380 was unveiled on January 18, 2005.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10]

Production

Geographical logistics sequence for the A380, with final assembly in Toulouse
.Major structural sections of the A380 are built in France, Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom.^ Production Major structural sections of the A380 are built in France, Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380 transporter Ville de Bordeaux Major structural sections of the A380 are built in France , Germany , Spain , and the United Kingdom .

^ Major structural sections of the A380 are built in France, Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom.

.Due to their size, they are brought to the assembly hall (the Jean-Luc Lagardère Plant) in Toulouse in France by surface transportation, though some parts are moved by the A300-600ST Beluga aircraft used in the construction of other Airbus models.^ Due to their size, they are brought to the assembly hall in Toulouse in France by surface transportation, rather than by the Beluga aircraft used for other Airbus models.

^ There are a lot of part manufactured in the USA that are used on the Airbus aircrafts.
  • A380 at AirVenture 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.avweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The tail assemblies are the only major part that can be transported by air (using the Airbus Beluga ).
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23] .Components of the A380 are provided by suppliers from around the world; the five largest contributors, by value, are Rolls-Royce, Safran, United Technologies, General Electric and Goodrich.^ Components of the A380 are provided by suppliers from around the world; the five largest contributors, by value, are Rolls-Royce, SAFRAN, United Technologies, General Electric, and Goodrich.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition common planning with Rolls-Royces exists for the Trent 900 and the engine Alliance formed from General Electric and Pratt & Whitney for the GP 7000.
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.beepworld.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ GE sets timescale for conclusion of Security sale General Electric (GE) expects the USD1.82 billion sale of its Security business to US conglomerate United Technologies Corporation (UTC) to conclude during the first ...
  • Jane's Defence Industry - Analysis and news for the global defence industry 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC jdin.janes.com [Source type: News]

[24]
.The front and rear sections of the fuselage are loaded on a Roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ship leased to Airbus, Ville de Bordeaux, in Hamburg in northern Germany, from where they are shipped to the United Kingdom.^ The front and rear sections of the fuselage are loaded on an Airbus RORO ship, Ville de Bordeaux, in Hamburg in northern Germany , whence they are shipped to the United Kingdom .

^ The A380 transporter Ville de Bordeaux Major structural sections of the A380 are built in France , Germany , Spain , and the United Kingdom .

^ A380 transporter ship Ville de BordeauxThe front and rear sections of the fuselage are loaded on an Airbus Roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ship, Ville de Bordeaux, in Hamburg in northern Germany, whence they are shipped to the United Kingdom.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25] .The wings, which are manufactured at Filton in Bristol and Broughton in North Wales, are transported by barge to Mostyn docks, where the ship adds them to its cargo.^ The wings are being manufactured in Broughton, Wales.
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There the huge wings, which are manufactured at Filton in Bristol and Broughton in north Wales, are transported by barge to Mostyn docks, where the ship adds them to its cargo.
  • Airbus A380 Aircraft Airliner History Information Facts and Interior A380 Pictures Photos 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: General]

^ The wings, which are manufactured at Filton in Bristol and Broughton in North Wales, are transported by barge to Mostyn docks, where the ship adds them to its cargo.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .In Saint-Nazaire in western France, the ship trades the fuselage sections from Hamburg for larger, assembled sections, some of which include the nose.^ In Saint-Nazaire, western France, the ship trades the fuselage sections from Hamburg for larger, assembled sections, some of which include the nose.
  • Airbus A380 Aircraft Airliner History Information Facts and Interior A380 Pictures Photos 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: General]

^ In Saint-Nazaire in western France, the ship trades the fuselage sections from Hamburg for larger, assembled sections, some of which include the nose.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Saint-Nazaire in western France , the ship trades the fuselage sections from Hamburg for larger, assembled sections, some of which include the nose.

.The ship unloads in Bordeaux.^ The ship unloads in Bordeaux.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Afterwards, the ship picks up the belly and tail sections by Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA in Cádiz in southern Spain, and delivers them to Bordeaux.^ Afterwards, the ship picks up the belly and tail sections by Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA in Cadiz in southern Spain , and delivers them to Bordeaux.

^ Afterwards, the ship picks up the belly and tail sections by Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA in Cádiz in southern Spain, and delivers them to Bordeaux.

^ The A380 transporter Ville de Bordeaux Major structural sections of the A380 are built in France , Germany , Spain , and the United Kingdom .

.From there, the A380 parts are transported by barge to Langon, and by oversize road convoys to the assembly hall in Toulouse.^ Most of the largest parts are transported by barge.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From there, the A380 parts are transported by barge to Langon, and by oversize road convoys to the assembly hall in Toulouse.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A convoy of huge trucks carries the parts from Langon, France, to Toulouse.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27] .Roads and canals were widened and replaced; and new barges were developed to deliver the A380 parts.^ New wider roads, canal systems and barges were developed to deliver the A380 parts.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Qantas Airbus A380 celebrated the New Year by taking 450 lucky folks to the southern most part of the world.
  • Airbus A380 Goes to Antartica 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC blog.seattlepi.com [Source type: General]

^ This new cabin design ensures that the A380 will deliver unprecedented comfort, space and luxury to Singapore Airlines customers.
  • Scoop: Singapore Airlines A380: Travel In A New Light 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.scoop.co.nz [Source type: News]

.After assembly, the aircraft are flown to Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport (XFW) to be furnished and painted.^ After assembly, the aircraft are flown to Hamburg, XFW to be furnished and painted.

^ After assembly, the aircraft are flown to Hamburg to be furnished and painted.

^ From there, the A380 parts are transported by barge to Langon, and by road to Toulouse, where the A380s are assembled before being flown to Hamburg to be furnished and painted.
  • Airbus A380 Aircraft Airliner History Information Facts and Interior A380 Pictures Photos 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: General]

.It takes 3,600 l (950 US gal) of paint to cover the 3,100 m2 (33,000 sq ft) exterior of an A380.[28] Airbus sized the production facilities and supply chain for a production rate of four A380s per month.^ Airbus sized the production facilities and supply chain for a production rate of four A380s per month.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It takes 3,600 litres (950 gallons) of paint to cover the 3,100 m² (33,000 ft²) exterior of an A380.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Emirates takes delivery of Airbus A380 .
  • gulfnews : Emirates Airbus A380 lands in Dubai 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC gulfnews.com [Source type: News]

[26]

Testing

A380 MSN001 about to land after its maiden flight
.Five A380s were built for testing and demonstration purposes.^ Five A380s have been built for testing and demonstration purposes.

^ Five A380s were built for testing and demonstration purposes.

^ As of December 2007, eleven A380s have flown, and the five A380s in the test programme had logged over 4,565 hours during 1,364 flights, including route proving and demonstration flights.

[29] .The first A380, serial number MSN001 and registration F-WWOW, was unveiled at a ceremony in Toulouse on 18 January 2005.[30] Its maiden flight took place at 8:29 UTC (10:29 a.m.^ The maiden flight of the first A380 with GP7200 engines (F-WWEA) took place on August 25, 2006.

^ The first complete A380 was unveiled on January 18, 2005.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its maiden flight was on April 27, 2005.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

local time) .27 April 2005.[31] This plane, equipped with Trent 900 engines, flew from Toulouse Blagnac International Airport with a flight crew of six headed by chief test pilot Jacques Rosay.^ Its maiden flight was on April 27, 2005.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Flight International January 31, 2009.

^ Trent 900 engine.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After successfully landing three hours and 54 minutes later, Rosay said flying the A380 had been “like handling a bicycle” .^ London will likely be the A380's first European destination when it enters scheduled service later in the year for Singapore Airlines,” AFP writes.
  • Airbus A380 to make U.K. debut - Today In the Sky - USATODAY.com 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC blogs.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

^ So having 525 people fly to Paris on an Airbus A380 is like having 294 people drive there in Honda Fits (assuming you could drive across the ocean).
  • The Blork Blog » Airbus A380: Some Numbers 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.blork.org [Source type: General]

^ Walt Cropper: My wife called to say that she and #4 son drove over to ORD to see the A380 land there about a hour ago.
  • Pajamas Media » AIRBUS A380, YOU ARE CLEAR TO LAND 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: General]

[32]
.On 1 December 2005 the A380 achieved its maximum design speed of Mach 0.96 (versus normal cruising speed of Mach 0.85), in a shallow dive, completing the opening of the flight envelope.^ The aircraft is swift and fuel efficient, with a cruising speed of Mach 0.85.
  • We compare the Boeing B787 Dreamliner vs the Airbus A380, with details on cabins, interiors, fuel economy, humidity, Boeing, Airbus, on the B-787 and the A-380, update on the A380 delay, and delays to the B787, the Chinese ARJ21, Bombardier C130, Embraer small jets, new Singapore Airlines A380, SIA A380 has 471 seats, best planes to fly on, A350, A-350, B757, Boeing 777 series, A380 seat plan, fuel efficient aircraft, ANA, All Nippon order, Emirates A380, superjumbo, cost of A380, Etihad Airbus order, Qantas, British Airways aircraft orders, Boeing machinists on strike, Vijay Verghese, and more from Smart Travel Asia and Dancing Wolf Media. 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.smarttravelasia.com [Source type: News]

^ At the 2005 Paris Air ShowOn 1 December 2005, the A380 achieved its maximum design speed of Mach 0.96, in a shallow dive, completing the opening of the flight envelope.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 1 December 2005, the A380 achieved its maximum design speed of Mach 0.96, in a shallow dive, completing the opening of the flight envelope.

[29] .On 10 January 2006 the A380 made its first transatlantic flight to Medellín in Colombia, to test engine performance at a high altitude airport.^ It successfully completed its first test flight on September 9 , 2006 from this airport.
  • Boston University School of Theology 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Looks like the A380 is almost ready for its first test flight.
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In March 2007, the A380 made its first flight to America.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It arrived in North America on 6 February, landing in Iqaluit, Nunavut in Canada for cold-weather testing.^ Its arrived in North America on February 6, when an A380 landed in Iqaluit, Nunavut in Canada for cold-weather testing.

^ It arrived in North America on 6 February, landing in Iqaluit, Nunavut in Canada for cold-weather testing.

^ It arrived in North America on 6 February, when an A380 landed in Iqaluit, Nunavut in Canada for cold-weather testing.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33]
Flight test engineer's station on the lower deck of A380 F-WWOW.
.On 14 February 2006, during the destructive wing strength certification test on MSN5000, the test wing of the A380 failed at 145% of the limit load, short of the required 150% to meet the certification.^ During the destructive wing strength certification test, the test wing of the A380 failed to meet the certification requirement of 150% of limit load.

^ Wing strength During the destructive wing strength certification test on MSN5000, the test wing of the A380 failed to meet the certification requirement of 150% of limit load.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It arrived in North America on 6 February, when an A380 landed in Iqaluit, Nunavut in Canada for cold-weather testing.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Airbus announced modifications adding 30 kg to the wing to provide the required strength.^ Subsequently, Airbus announced that modifications adding 30 kg to the wing would be made to provide the required strength.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Subsequently, however, Airbus announced that modifications adding 30 kg to the wing would be made to provide the required strength.

^ During the destructive wing strength certification test, the test wing of the A380 failed to meet the certification requirement of 150% of limit load.

[34] .On 26 March 2006 the A380 underwent evacuation certification in Hamburg, Germany.^ On 26 March 2006, the A380 underwent evacuation certification in Hamburg in Germany.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On March 26, 2006, the A380 underwent evacuation certification in Hamburg in Germany .

^ Airbus obtained type certificate for the A380-841 and A380-842 model from the EASA and FAA on 12 December 2006 in a joint ceremony at the company's French headquarters.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With 8 of the 16 exits blocked, 853 passengers and 20 crew left the aircraft in 78 seconds, less than the 90 seconds required by certification standards.^ With 8 of the 16 exits blocked, 853 passengers and 20 crew left the aircraft in 78 seconds, less than the 90 seconds required by certification standards.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The test, performed to meet regulatory requirements, involved evacuating 853 passengers and 20 crew from the aircraft within 90 seconds, with 8 of the 16 exits blocked.

^ Having passed its emergency-evacuation test last weekend, the Airbus A380 is officially certified to haul a staggering 853 passengers—that's how many people safely escaped a darkened test aircraft in less than 80 seconds.
  • airbus a380 | Popular Science 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.popsci.com [Source type: General]

[35] .Three days later, the A380 received European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval to carry up to 853 passengers.^ Three days later, the A380 received European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval to carry up to 853 passengers.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Federal Aviation Administration , March 1998.

^ It is the largest airliner ever made, with a carrying capability of up to 853 passengers.
  • Airbus A380: 5-star hotel on wings 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.you.uz [Source type: News]

[36]
.The maiden flight of the first A380 using GP7200 engines—serial number MSN009 and registration F-WWEA—took place on 25 August 2006.[37][38] On 4 September 2006, the first full passenger-carrying flight test took place.^ First passengers flight: .
  • Airbus A380 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.zap16.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It successfully completed its first test flight on September 9 , 2006 from this airport.
  • Boston University School of Theology 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ "First A380 Flight on 25-26 October."

[39] .The aircraft flew from Toulouse with 474 Airbus employees on board, in the first of a series of flights to test passenger facilities and comfort.^ First passengers flight: .
  • Airbus A380 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.zap16.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The aircraft flew from Toulouse with 474 Airbus employees on board, in the first of a series of flights to test passenger facilities and comfort.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 4 September 2006, the first full passenger-carrying flight test took place.The aircraft flew from Toulouse with 474 Airbus employees on board, in the first of a series of flights to test passenger facilities and comfort.

[39] .In November 2006 a further series of route proving flights took place to demonstrate the aircraft's performance for 150 flight hours under typical airline operating conditions.^ In November 2006, a further series of route proving flights took place to demonstrate the aircraft's performance for 150 flight hours under typical airline operating conditions.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the flight, which took the aircraft around South West France, the six crew members explored the aircrafts flight envelope as expected.
  • Airbus A380 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.zap16.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During flight testing in November, 2006, a Cessna 172 being used for a training flight encountered the 747 LCF's wake turbulence while on approach to Boeing Field.
  • Boston University School of Theology 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: Academic]

[40]
.Airbus obtained type certificate for the A380-841 and A380-842 model from the EASA and FAA on 12 December 2006 in a joint ceremony at the company's French headquarters.^ Airbus obtained type certificate for the A380-841 and A380-842 model from the EASA and FAA on 12 December 2006 in a joint ceremony at the company's French headquarters.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aircraft: Qantas Airbus A380-842 .
  • JetPhotos.Net Aviation Photos: Airbus A380-8 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.jetphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FAA Type Certificate Data Sheet NO.A58NM. FAA (12 December 2007).
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[41][42] The A380-861 model obtained the type certificate 14 December 2007.[42]

Delivery delays

A380 flying a banked turn at the ILA 2006 in Berlin, Germany
.Initial production of the A380 was troubled by delays attributed to the 530 km (330 mi) of wiring in each aircraft.^ Initial production of the A380 was plagued by delays attributed to the 530 km (330 miles) of wiring in each aircraft.

^ Delivery delays Initial production of the A380 was plagued by delays attributed to the 530 km (330 miles) of wiring in each aircraft.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Initial production of the A380 was plagued by a series of delays attributed to the 500 kilometres (300 miles) of wiring in each aircraft.

.Airbus cited as underlying causes the complexity of the cabin wiring (100,000 wires and 40,300 connectors), its concurrent design and production, the high degree of customization for each airline, and failures of configuration management and change control.^ Airbus cited as underlying causes the complexity of the cabin wiring (100,000 wires and 40,300 connectors), its concurrent design and production, the use of two incompatible versions of the CATIA computer-aided design software, the high degree of customisation for each airline, and failures of configuration management and change control.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That's right, there are zero customers for the A380-800F. Airbus always claimed that much of the delay was due to the complexity of the onboard electronics, and specifically the 330 miles of wiring in each plane.
  • My Lamma Forums - View topic - Airbus A380 Fly-by 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.lamma.com.hk [Source type: General]

^ The A380 is an ultra high-capacity airliner, designed by Airbus to compete directly with Boeing's 747 and its successors.
  • A380 || Jaunted 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.jaunted.com [Source type: General]

[43][44] .Specifically, it would appear that German and Spanish Airbus facilities continued to use CATIA version 4, while British and French sites migrated to version 5.[45] This caused overall configuration management problems, at least in part because wiring harnesses manufactured using aluminium rather than copper conductors necessitated special design rules including non-standard dimensions and bend radii; these were not easily transferred between versions of the software.^ Wing flexing is part of the design because if it didn’t flex it would break.
  • A380 at AirVenture 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.avweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are a lot of part manufactured in the USA that are used on the Airbus aircrafts.
  • A380 at AirVenture 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.avweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Airbus cited as underlying causes the complexity of the cabin wiring (100,000 wires and 40,300 connectors), its concurrent design and production, the high degree of customisation for each airline, and failures of configuration management and change control.Deliveries would be pushed back by nearly two years.

[46]
.
A Qantas Airbus A380 taking off from London Heathrow Airport.
^ Emirates takes delivery of first Airbus A380 Skip To Navigation Skip To Content January 13 2010 .
  • gulfnews : Emirates takes delivery of first Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC gulfnews.com [Source type: News]

^ The take-off weight of the A380 of 550 tons will rest on a chassis, which has the weight of an airplane with 50 places with a dead weight of 20 tons.
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.beepworld.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The delivery of subsequent aircraft will allow for the introduction of the A380, also on one of the three daily flights between Singapore and London's Heathrow Airport from the first quarter of 2008.
  • Scoop: Singapore Airlines A380: Travel In A New Light 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.scoop.co.nz [Source type: News]

The undercarriage doors are still closing.
.Airbus announced the first delay in June 2005 and notified airlines that deliveries would be delayed by six months.^ Shanghai Airlines takes delivery of its first Airbus aircraft .
  • EADS N.V. - The Latest Press Releases 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.eads.com [Source type: News]
  • EADS N.V. - The Latest Press Releases 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.eads.com [Source type: News]

^ On 13 June 2006, Airbus announced a second delay, with the delivery schedule undergoing an additional shift of six to seven months.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On June 13, 2006 Airbus announced a second delay, with the delivery schedule undergoing an additional shift of six to seven months.

[45] .This reduced the number of planned deliveries by the end of 2009 from about 120 to 90–100. On 13 June 2006, Airbus announced a second delay, with the delivery schedule undergoing an additional shift of six to seven months.^ This reduced the number of planned deliveries by the end of 2009 from about 120 to 90-100.

^ On 13 June 2006, Airbus announced a second delay, with the delivery schedule undergoing an additional shift of six to seven months.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On June 13, 2006 Airbus announced a second delay, with the delivery schedule undergoing an additional shift of six to seven months.

[47] .Although the first delivery was still planned before the end of 2006, deliveries in 2007 would drop to only 9 aircraft, and deliveries by the end of 2009 would be cut to 70–80 aircraft.^ Although the first delivery was still slated before the end of 2006, deliveries in 2007 would drop to only 9 aircraft, and deliveries by the end of 2009 would be cut to 70-80 aircraft.

^ Although the first delivery was still planned before the end of 2006, deliveries in 2007 would drop to only 9 aircraft, and deliveries by the end of 2009 would be cut to 70–80 aircraft.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The rollout of the plane is now on track, said Charles Champion, Airbus' head of the A380 program, and Airbus is "committed to deliver the first aircraft by the end of 2006" to Singapore Airlines, the first airline to operate the jet.
  • Airbus A380 - The Tale of a Wing - Google Earth Community 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC bbs.keyhole.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The announcement caused a 26% drop in the share price of Airbus's parent, EADS,[48] and led to the departure of EADS CEO Noël Forgeard, Airbus CEO Gustav Humbert, and A380 programme manager Charles Champion.^ The announcement caused a 26% drop in the share price of Airbus's parent, EADS, and led to the departure of EADS CEO Noël Forgeard, Airbus CEO Gustav Humbert, and A380 program manager Charles Champion.

^ Regardless, when a second delay was announced in June 2006, "The announcement caused a 26% drop in the share price of Airbus's parent, EADS, and led to the departure of EADS CEO Noël Forgeard, Airbus CEO Gustav Humbert, and A380 programme manager Charles Champion."
  • My Lamma Forums - View topic - Airbus A380 Fly-by 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.lamma.com.hk [Source type: General]

^ The announcement caused a 26% drop in the share price of Airbus's parent, EADS, and led to the departure of EADS CEO Noël Forgeard, Airbus CEO Gustav Humbert, and A380 programme manager Charles Champion.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[45][49] .On 3 October 2006, upon completion of a review of the A380 program, the CEO of Airbus, Christian Streiff, announced a third delay,[45] pushing the first delivery to October 2007, to be followed by 13 deliveries in 2008, 25 in 2009, and the full production rate of 45 aircraft per year in 2010.[50] The delay also increased the earnings shortfall projected by Airbus through 2010 to €4.8 billion.^ Emirates takes delivery of first Airbus A380 Skip To Navigation Skip To Content January 13 2010 .
  • gulfnews : Emirates takes delivery of first Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC gulfnews.com [Source type: News]

^ "Airbus will lose €4.8bn because of A380 delays", The Times, 3 October 2006.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shanghai Airlines takes delivery of its first Airbus aircraft .
  • EADS N.V. - The Latest Press Releases 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.eads.com [Source type: News]
  • EADS N.V. - The Latest Press Releases 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.eads.com [Source type: News]

[45][51]
.As Airbus prioritized the work on the A380-800 over the A380-800F,[52] freighter orders were cancelled by FedEx[53][54] and UPS,[55] or converted to A380-800 by Emirates and ILFC.[56] Airbus suspended work on the freighter version, but said it remained on offer,[57] albeit without a service entry date.^ They cancelled the celebration for the Emirates A380.
  • Todd Lappin reviews the first class suite of the Emirates A380 Boing Boing 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ UPS to Cancel A380 Freighter Order ^ Airbus says A380F development 'interrupted'.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Emirates to receive first Airbus A380 .
  • gulfnews : Emirates takes delivery of first Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC gulfnews.com [Source type: News]

[58] .For the passenger version Airbus negotiated a revised delivery schedule and compensation with the 13 customers, all of which retained their orders with some placing subsequent orders, including Emirates,[59] Singapore Airlines,[60] Qantas,[61] Air France,[62] Qatar,[63] and Korean Air.^ Airbus orders & deliveries.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among the orderers also as considerable airlines are as Qantas and air France.
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.beepworld.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Deliveries Emirates Airline has placed the most orders so far.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[64]
.The first A380 with redesigned wiring harnesses achieved power-on in April 2008, with a 3½ month delay.^ First A380 delivery again delayed .
  • Airbus A380: News & Videos about Airbus A380 - CNN.com 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC topics.edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Singapore Airlines's first A380 was delivered 18 months late in October, owing to problems at the French-German group that centered on wiring assemblies handled in Hamburg.
  • Airbus reviewing A380 delivery schedule: CEO - News - Travel - smh.com.au 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.smh.com.au [Source type: News]

^ The first Engine Alliance powered A380 MSN011 which is due to enter service with Emirates Airline, had its maiden flight on 4 September 2007.

[65] .On 13 May 2008 Airbus announced reduced deliveries for the years 2008 (12) and 2009 (21).^ May 5th, 2009 at 21:23 .

^ May 7th, 2009 at 08:13 .

^ May 6th, 2009 at 13:56 .

[66] After further manufacturing setbacks, Airbus reduced plans to deliver 14 A380s in 2009, down from the previously revised target of 18.[67] A total of 10 A380s were delivered in 2009.[68]

Entry into service

The first airline to operate the aircraft was Singapore Airlines.
.The first aircraft delivered (MSN003, registered 9V-SKA) was handed over to Singapore Airlines on 15 October 2007 and entered into service on 25 October 2007 with an inaugural flight between Singapore and Sydney (flight number SQ380).^ Delivery Flight 2007 to Singapore Airlines,signed by both pilots...
  • Postage Stamp Chat Board and Stamp Bulletin Board Forum • View topic - Qantas A380 Airbus *IMPERF* Blocks of the mini sheets of 4 16 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.stampboards.com [Source type: General]

^ The first aircraft sold, MSN003, was handed over on 15 October 2007, following a lengthy acceptance test phase, and entered into service on 25 October 2007 with a commercial flight between Singapore and Sydney (flight number SQ380).

^ There has been huge interest in the aircraft since the first A380 was delivered in 2007 to Singapore Airlines.
  • allAfrica.com: South Africa: Air France to Fly A380 Superjumbo to the Country 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC allafrica.com [Source type: News]

[10][69] .Passengers bought seats in a charity online auction paying between $560 and $100,380.[70] Two months later, Singapore Airlines CEO Chew Choong Seng said that the A380 was performing better than both the airline and Airbus had anticipated, burning 20% less fuel per passenger than the airline's existing 747-400 fleet.^ The plane was given the registration number 9V-SKA. Two months later Singapore Airlines CEO Chew Choong Seng said that the A380 was performing better than both the airline and Airbus had anticipated, burning 20% less fuel per passenger than the airline's existing 747-400 fleet.

^ Singapore Airlines Airbus A380 business class seat 17K. ATTENTION! .
  • Aviation Videos - Airbus A380 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.flightlevel350.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Singapore Airlines Airbus A380-841 .
  • Photo Search Results | Airliners.net 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.airliners.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[71] .Emirates was the second airline to take delivery of the A380 on 28 July 2008 and started flights between Dubai and New York[72] on 1 August 2008.[73] Qantas followed on 19 September 2008, starting flights between Melbourne and Los Angeles on 20 October 2008.[74] By the end of 2008, 890,000 passengers had flown on 2,200 A380 flights totaling 21,000 hours.^ Todd Lappin was invited to take a demo flight of the Emirates A380.
  • Todd Lappin reviews the first class suite of the Emirates A380 Boing Boing 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Emirates takes delivery of first Airbus A380 .
  • gulfnews : Emirates Airbus A380 lands in Dubai 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC gulfnews.com [Source type: News]
  • gulfnews : Emirates takes delivery of first Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC gulfnews.com [Source type: News]

^ Take a look inside the Emirates A380 .
  • gulfnews : Airbus A380 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC gulfnews.com [Source type: News]

[75]
.In February 2009 the millionth A380 passenger flying with Singapore Airlines was recorded.^ To make flying more enjoyable for its passengers, Singapore Airlines is.
  • NUS: Statistics on Singapore: Tourism 16 September 2009 21:021 UTC acdhh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Singapore Airlines is set to be the first to fly the double-decker A380,.
  • NUS: Statistics on Singapore: Tourism 16 September 2009 21:021 UTC acdhh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the London Sunday Times has reported that Emirates, an airline with forty-five of the new planes on order, "would pack as many as 649 passengers into the A380."
  • The Mother Load - The Atlantic(November 2005) 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[76] .In May 2009 it was reported that the A380 had carried 1.5 million passengers during 41 thousand flight hours and 4200 flights.^ Airbus A380 first flight with passengers .
  • Airbus A380 Aircraft Airliner History Information Facts and Interior A380 Pictures Photos 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: General]

^ A report Monday had said that the double-decker airplane which can carry up to 853 passengers, and which is already in service with Singapore Airlines, could be hit by more delays.
  • Airbus reviewing A380 delivery schedule: CEO - News - Travel - smh.com.au 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.smh.com.au [Source type: News]

^ Air France's first Airbus A380 yesterday landed at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, the first regularly scheduled transatlantic flight to carry passengers on the double-decker aircraft.
  • SABCNews - Air France flies its first Airbus A380 jumbo jet to New York 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.sabcnews.com [Source type: News]

[77] .Air France received their first A380 on 30 October 2009, arriving at Charles de Gaulle Airport.^ Air France to receive it's first Airbus A380 superjumbo today .
  • Air France to receive it's first Airbus A380 superjumbo today | Bangalore Aviation 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.bangaloreaviation.com [Source type: General]

^ Air France takes First Airbus A380 .
  • A380 Production Updates - JetPhotos.Net Forums - The Friendly Way to Fly 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forums.jetphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Air France Airbus A380-861 .
  • Photo Search Results | Airliners.net 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.airliners.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[78][79]

Design

Overview

The A380 cabin cross section, showing economy class seating
.The new Airbus was initially offered in two models.^ Its manufacturer's serial number is 001, and is registered as F-WWOW. The new Airbus will initially be sold in two versions: the A380-800, carrying 555 passengers in a three-class configuration or up to 800 passengers in a single-class economy configuration.
  • AFS Design - Airbus A380 v2 X - FlightSim Pilot Shop 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.fspilotshop.com [Source type: General]

^ (The stretched upper deck had previously been offered as a retrofit and first appeared on two Japanese 747-100 SR models.

^ A380 cabin cross section, showing economy class seating The new Airbus is sold in two models.

.The A380-800 original configuration carried 555 passengers in a three-class configuration[80] or 853 passengers (538 on the main deck and 315 on the upper deck) in a single-class economy configuration.^ Boeing 747 main deck economy class seating in 3-4-3 layout .

^ The upper deck has a 3-3 seat arrangement in economy class and a 2-2 arrangement in first class.

^ This model can carry up to 238 passengers in a 3-class configuration if cargo is carried on the main deck.

.In May 2007 Airbus began marketing a configuration with 30 fewer passengers, now 525 passengers in three classes, traded for 370 km (200 nmi) more range, to better reflect trends in premium class accommodation.^ In May 2007, Airbus began marketing the same aircraft to customers with 30 fewer passengers (now 525 passengers) traded for 200 nmi more range, to better reflect trends in premium class accommodation.
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The design range for the -800 model is 15,200 km (8,200 nmi).
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Air Austral announced at the Dubai Airshow that they plan to buy two Airbus A380 superjumbo jets and configure them with all economy class, fitting about 840 passengers aboard.
  • Air Austral Plans to Cram 840 Passengers in an Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC blog.seattlepi.com [Source type: General]

[81] .The design range for the -800 model is 15,200 km (8,200 nmi).^ The design range for the -800 model is 15,200 km (8,200 nmi).
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380-800F, the freighter model, is offered as one of the largest freight aircraft, with a listed payload capacity exceeded only by the Antonov An-225.The A380-800 has a design range of 15,200 kilometres (8,200 nmi), sufficient to fly from Boston, Massachusetts to Hong Kong for example, and a cruising speed of Mach 0.85 (about 900 km/h or 560 mph at cruising altitude).
  • Airbus A380 Aircraft Airliner History Information Facts and Interior A380 Pictures Photos 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: General]

^ The 747X aircraft was to carry 430 passengers over ranges of up to 8,700 nmi (10,000 mi, 16,100 km).

[82] .The second model, the A380-800F freighter, would carry 150 tonnes of cargo 10,400 km (5,600 nmi).^ The second model, the A380-800F freighter, will carry 150 tonnes of cargo 10,400 km (5,600 nmi).
  • Airbus A-380 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.aviationearth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The second model, the A380-800F dedicated freighter, will carry 150 tons of cargo 5,600 miles (10,400 km).
  • simMarket: AFS-DESIGN - AIRBUS A380 V2 FSX 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC secure.simmarket.com [Source type: General]

^ The new Airbus will initially be sold in two versions: the A380-800 , a full double-decker configuration, with the ability to carry 555 passengers, in a three-class configuration, or up to 800 passengers in a single economy configuration, for 8,000 nautical miles (14,800 km), and the A380-800F dedicated freighter, to carry 150 tons for 5,600 miles (10,400 km).
  • Airbus A380 Aircraft Airliner History Information Facts and Interior A380 Pictures Photos 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: General]

[83] .The -800F development was put on hold as Airbus prioritized the passenger version and all cargo orders were canceled.^ It said that with the ongoing production difficulties, Airbus suspended the A380 freighter programme in 2007, resulting in the loss of all 20 orders for cargo version.
  • A380 superjumbo expects 2010 to be a better year than 2009 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.zawya.com [Source type: News]

^ Airbus maintains that with its recommended seating configuration the A380 will hold 555 passengers, versus about 412 in a 747-400.
  • The Mother Load - The Atlantic(November 2005) 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Remember: the amount of seats an airline puts on an airplane isn’t directly indicative of the maximum number of passengers that plane can hold.
  • Airbus A380? Pffft. It’s 747 v2.0 | Autopia | Wired.com 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

Future variants may include an A380-900 stretch seating about 656 passengers (or up to 960 passengers in an all economy configuration) and an extended range version with the same passenger capacity as the A380-800.[14]
.The A380's wing is sized for a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) over 650 tonnes in order to accommodate these future versions, albeit with some strengthening required.^ The A380's wing is sized for a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) over 650 metric tonnes in order to accommodate these future versions, albeit with some strengthening required.

^ The A380's wing is sized for a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) over 650 tonnes in order to accommodate these future versions, albeit with some strengthening required.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bob Moon: The double-decker "superjumbo" A380 has been slow to take off with the airline industry.

[14][84] .The stronger wing (and structure) will be used on the A380-800F freighter.^ The stronger wing (and structure) is used on the A380-800F freighter.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This enables the widespread use of laser beam welding manufacturing techniques[45] — eliminating rows of rivets and resulting in a lighter, stronger structure.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380-800F, the freighter model, is offered as one of the largest freight aircraft, with a listed payload capacity exceeded only by the Antonov An-225.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This common design approach sacrifices some fuel efficiency on the A380-800 passenger model, but Airbus estimates that the size of the aircraft, coupled with the advances in technology described below, will provide lower operating costs per passenger than all current variants of Boeing 747. The A380 also features wingtip fences similar to those found on the A310 and A320 to alleviate the effects of induced drag, increasing fuel efficiency and performance.^ A380 vs. Boeing 747-400 .
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The operating cost of an A380 is not substantially greater than that of the Boeing 747 (the closest passenger jet in size and capacity).
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Airbus Industrie Airbus A380-800 .
  • Photo Search Results | Airliners.net 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.airliners.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[85][86]
A380 flight deck

Flight deck

.Airbus used similar cockpit layout, procedures and handling characteristics to those of other Airbus aircraft, to reduce crew training costs.^ Flight deck The plane's flight deckAirbus used similar cockpit layout, procedures and handling characteristics to those of other Airbus aircraft, to reduce crew training costs.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hopefully the onboard european-designed computer that drove those other Airbusses directly into the sea didn’t use the same sort of computations.
  • Yes, the Airbus A380 is Awesome | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ Improvements studied included raked wingtips similar to those used on the 767-400ER and a sawtooth engine nacelle for noise reduction.

.Accordingly, the A380 features an improved glass cockpit, and fly-by-wire flight controls linked to side-sticks.^ Accordingly, the A380 features an improved glass cockpit, and fly-by-wire flight controls linked to side-sticks.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The improved cockpit displays feature eight 15-by-20 cm (6-by-8-inch) liquid crystal displays, all of which are physically identical and interchangeable.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With new technologies, improved features, and specific FSX missions, Wilco Publishing brings today the Airbus A380 to Microsoft Flight Simulator X. Mission description (for FSX) TOULOUSE - April 27, 2005.
  • The FlightSim Store: Download Software - FSX Add-Ons - Aircraft - Airliners & Heavies - Wilco Pub - Airbus A380 v2 (Download) 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.flightsimstore.com [Source type: General]
  • The FlightSim Store: Boxed Software - FSX Add-Ons - Aircraft - Airliners & Heavies - Wilco Pub - Airbus A380 v2 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.flightsimstore.com [Source type: General]

[87][88] .The improved cockpit displays feature eight 15-by-20 cm (5.9-by-7.9 in) liquid crystal displays, all of which are physically identical and interchangeable; comprising two Primary Flight Displays, two navigation displays, one engine parameter display, one system display and two Multi-Function Displays.^ These comprise two Primary Flight Displays, two navigation displays, one engine parameter display, one system display and two Multi-Function Displays.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The improved cockpit displays feature eight 15-by-20 cm (6-by-8-inch) liquid crystal displays, all of which are physically identical and interchangeable.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "They include QWERTY keyboards and trackballs, interfacing with a graphical "point-and-click" display navigation system.
  • My Lamma Forums - View topic - Airbus A380 Fly-by 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.lamma.com.hk [Source type: General]

.These MFDs are new with the A380, and provide an easy-to-use interface to the flight management system—replacing three multifunction control and display units.^ These MFDs are new with the A380, and provide an easy-to-use interface to the flight management system—replacing three multifunction control and display units.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380 has a twin deck configuration with new lighter and even more resistant material is also being used for the first time on a civil airliner after intensive trials.
  • Airbus A380 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.zap16.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "They include QWERTY keyboards and trackballs, interfacing with a graphical "point-and-click" display navigation system.
  • My Lamma Forums - View topic - Airbus A380 Fly-by 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.lamma.com.hk [Source type: General]

[89] .They include QWERTY keyboards and trackballs, interfacing with a graphical "point-and-click" display navigation system.^ They include QWERTY keyboards and trackballs, interfacing with a graphical "point-and-click" display navigation system.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These MFDs are new with the A380, and provide an easy-to-use interface to the flight management system—replacing three multifunction control and display units.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These comprise two Primary Flight Displays, two navigation displays, one engine parameter display, one system display and two Multi-Function Displays.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[90][91]

Engines

A Rolls-Royce Trent 900 engine on the wing of an Airbus A380
.The A380 can be fitted with two types of engines: A380-841, A380-842 and A380-843F with Rolls-Royce Trent 900, and the A380-861 and A380-863F with Engine Alliance GP7000 turbofans.^ Trent 900 engine.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Engines A Rolls-Royce Trent 900 engine on the wing of an Airbus A380The A380 can be fitted with two different types of engines: A380-841, A380-842 and A380-843F with Rolls-Royce Trent 900, and the A380-861 and A380-863F with Engine Alliance GP7000 turbofans.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The FAA disagreed, and Airbus elected to fit only the two inboard engines with them.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Trent 900 is a derivative of the Trent 800, and the GP7000 has roots from the GE90 and PW4000.^ The Trent 900 is a derivative of the Trent 800, and the GP7000 has roots from the GE90 and PW4000.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Trent 900 is the scaled version of the Trent 800, but incorporating the swept-back fan and counter-rotating spools of the stillborn Trent 8107.

^ Both are derived from predecessors ( GE90 and Trent 800) available on the Boeing 777.

.The Trent 900 core is a scaled version of the Trent 500, but incorporates the swept fan technology of the stillborn Trent 8104.[92] The GP7200 has a GE90-derived core and PW4090-derived fan and low-pressure turbo-machinery.^ The Trent 900 core is a scaled version of the Trent 500, but incorporates the swept fan technology of the stillborn Trent 8104.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Trent 900 is a derivative of the Trent 800, and the GP7000 has roots from the GE90 and PW4000.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The GP7200 has a GE90-derived core and PW4090-derived fan and low-pressure turbo-machinery.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[93] .Only two of the four engines are fitted with thrust reversers.^ The FAA disagreed, and Airbus elected to fit only the two inboard engines with them.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Boeing 747 is a large, wide-body (two-aisle) airliner with four wing-mounted engines.

^ Other changes included adding more powerful engines and increasing the number of tires from two to four on the nose landing gear and from 16 to 20 on the main landing gear.

[94]
.Noise reduction was an important requirement in the A380's design, and particularly affects engine design.^ Noise reduction was an important requirement in the A380's design, and particularly affects engine design.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Noise reduction was a driving requirement for the A380, and particularly affects engine design.

^ It's important to remember that a new airplane design will be modified and upgraded for decades -- Airbus has said that it's looking toward 2020 in designing the A380.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[95][96] Both engine types allow the aircraft to achieve QC/2 departure and QC/0.5 arrival noise limits under the Quota Count system set by London Heathrow Airport,[97] which is a key destination for the A380.[14]
.The A380 was used to demonstrate the viability of a synthetic fuel comprising standard jet fuel with a natural-gas-derived component.^ The Airbus A380 also became the first commercial aircraft to fly with a synthetic liquid fuel processed from gas in a three-hour flight between Filton, England, and Toulouse, France.
  • Gigantic Airbus A380 Arrives, at a Diminished J.F.K. - City Room Blog - NYTimes.com 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ To create the various shapes that comprise the A380, engineers use different processes.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, the A380 uses more landing wheels than other large jets, so each wheel actually transmits less weight to the runway than some other aircraft.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Airbus A380 Works" 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 1 February 2008, a three hour test flight operated between Britain and France, with one of the A380's four engines using a mix of 60 percent standard jet kerosene and 40 percent gas to liquids (GTL) fuel supplied by Shell.^ Airbus measured pavement loads using a 540-tonne (595 short tons) ballasted test rig, designed to replicate the landing gear of the A380.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The European Airbus A380, the world's biggest passenger jet, touched down in Britain's Heathrow airport for the first time to test how the congested aviation hub handles the superjumbo.
  • Airbus A380: News & Videos about Airbus A380 - CNN.com 10 September 2009 17:49 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Over the following months, preparations were made for the first flight, which took place on February 9, 1969, with test pilots Jack Waddell and Brien Wygle at the controls [ 45 ] [ 46 ] and Jess Wallick at the flight engineer's station.

[98] .The aircraft needed no modification to use the GTL fuel, which was designed to be mixed with normal jet fuel.^ It's primarily designed to connect virtually any city pair in the world while using up to 20% less fuel than any other airplane of its size.
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The delivery date left 28 months to design the aircraft, which was two-thirds the normal time.

^ Because no partially silvered mirrors are used, the image is fairly bright, though not as sharp as competing designs.
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A380 Digital Camera - Review - The Imaging Resource! 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.imaging-resource.com [Source type: General]

.Sebastien Remy, head of Airbus SAS's alternative fuel program, said the GTL used was no cleaner in CO2 terms than standard fuel but it had local air quality benefits because it contains no sulphur.^ It's primarily designed to connect virtually any city pair in the world while using up to 20% less fuel than any other airplane of its size.
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saves fuel, first airliner completely using composite materials, and better air quality on the flight.
  • Airbus A380? Pffft. It’s 747 v2.0 | Autopia | Wired.com 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ Airbus initially said the program would break even when it sold 270 superjumbos.

[99]

Advanced materials

A380 landing at the Paris Air Show
.While most of the fuselage is aluminium, composite materials comprise more than 20% of the A380's airframe.^ Advanced materials Whilst most of the fuselage is Aluminium.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Composite materials make up 25% of the A380's airframe, by weight.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380 has the potential to carry more people per litre of aviation fuel than either the 747-800 or the new 787.
  • Airbus A380? Pffft. It’s 747 v2.0 | Autopia | Wired.com 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

[100] .Carbon-fibre reinforced plastic, glass-fibre reinforced plastic and quartz-fibre reinforced plastic are used extensively in wings, fuselage sections (such as the undercarriage and rear end of fuselage), tail surfaces, and doors.^ Carbon-fibre reinforced plastic, glass-fibre reinforced plastic and quartz-fibre reinforced plastic are used extensively in wings, fuselage sections (such as the undercarriage and rear end of fuselage), tail surfaces, and doors.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Carbon-fibre reinforced plastic, glass-fibre reinforced plastic and quartz-fibre reinforced plastic are used extensively in wings, fuselage sections, tail surfaces, and doors.

^ This aluminium-glass-fibre laminate is lighter and has better corrosion and impact resistance than conventional aluminium alloys used in aviation.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[101][102][103] .The A380 is the first commercial airliner to have a central wing box made of carbon fibre reinforced plastic.^ The A380 is the first commercial airliner with a central wing box made of carbon fibre reinforced plastic, and it is the first to have a wing cross-section that is smoothly contoured.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some reporters brought their teenage sons along first landing in Los Angeles of the first significantly new commercial aircraft to be made in a long time.
  • Pajamas Media » AIRBUS A380, YOU ARE CLEAR TO LAND 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Remember that the A380 FAILED the first structural wing test, and that rather than re-engineer it, they changed the test targets.
  • Airbus A380? Pffft. It’s 747 v2.0 | Autopia | Wired.com 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

.It is also the first to have a smoothly contoured wing cross section.^ Seating capacity is more than 366 with a 3-4-3 seat arrangement (a cross section of 3 seats, an aisle, 4 seats, another aisle, and 3 seats) in economy class and a 2-3-2 arrangement in first class on the main deck.

^ The A380 is the first commercial airliner with a central wing box made of carbon fibre reinforced plastic, and it is the first to have a wing cross-section that is smoothly contoured.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The wings of other commercial airliners are partitioned span-wise into sections.^ Other commercial airliners have wings that are partitioned span-wise in sections.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other commercial airliners have wings that are partitioned in sections.

^ The A380 is the first commercial airliner with a central wing box made of carbon fibre reinforced plastic, and it is the first to have a wing cross-section that is smoothly contoured.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This flowing, continuous cross section optimises aerodynamic efficiency.^ The flowing, continuous cross-section allows for maximum aerodynamic efficiency.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thermoplastics are used in the leading edges of the slats.^ Thermoplastics are used in the leading edges of the slats.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The new material GLARE (GLAss-REinforced fibre metal laminate) is used in the upper fuselage and on the stabilizers' leading edges.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[104] .The new material GLARE (GLAss-REinforced fibre metal laminate) is used in the upper fuselage and on the stabilizers' leading edges.^ The new material GLARE (GLAss-REinforced fibre metal laminate) is used in the upper fuselage and on the stabilizers' leading edges.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thermoplastics are used in the leading edges of the slats.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Carbon-fibre reinforced plastic, glass-fibre reinforced plastic and quartz-fibre reinforced plastic are used extensively in wings, fuselage sections, tail surfaces, and doors.

[105] .This aluminium-glass-fibre laminate is lighter and has better corrosion and impact resistance than conventional aluminium alloys used in aviation.^ This aluminium-glass-fibre laminate is lighter and has better corrosion and impact resistance than conventional aluminium alloys used in aviation.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Newer weldable aluminium alloys are also used.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The new material GLARE (GLAss-REinforced fibre metal laminate) is used in the upper fuselage and on the stabilizers' leading edges.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[106] .Unlike earlier composite materials, it can be repaired using conventional aluminium repair techniques.^ Unlike earlier composite materials, it can be repaired using conventional aluminium repair techniques.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This aluminium-glass-fibre laminate is lighter and has better corrosion and impact resistance than conventional aluminium alloys used in aviation.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[107] .Newer weldable aluminium alloys are also used.^ Newer weldable aluminium alloys are also used.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This aluminium-glass-fibre laminate is lighter and has better corrosion and impact resistance than conventional aluminium alloys used in aviation.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This enables the widespread use of laser beam welding manufacturing techniques — eliminating rows of rivets and resulting in a lighter, stronger structure.^ This enables the widespread use of laser beam welding manufacturing techniques[45] — eliminating rows of rivets and resulting in a lighter, stronger structure.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The stronger wing (and structure) is used on the A380-800F freighter.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Laser Beam Welding (.pdf).
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[108]

Avionics architecture

Front fuselage view of A380
.The A380 employs an Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) architecture, first used in advanced military aircraft such as the F-22 Raptor, Eurofighter Typhoon, or Dassault Rafale.^ Avionics architecture The A380 employs an Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) architecture, first used in advanced military aircraft such as the F-22 Raptor and the Eurofighter Typhoon.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380 employs an Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) architecture, first used in advanced military aircraft such as the F-22 Raptor and the Eurofighter Typhoon.

^ Singapore Airlines plans to use its first aircraft, in a 485-seat configuration, on its London – Singapore – Sydney (the kangaroo route) service.

[109][110] .It is based on a commercial off-the-shelf approach, using the Integrity-178B Operating System.^ It is based on a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) design.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is the first commercial jet capable of using GTL-based fuel.
  • Airbus A380 Aircraft Airliner History Information Facts and Interior A380 Pictures Photos 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: General]

[111] .Many previous dedicated single-purpose avionics computers are replaced by dedicated software housed in onboard processor modules and servers.^ Many previous dedicated single-purpose avionics computers are replaced by dedicated software housed in onboard processor modules and servers.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This cuts the number of parts, provides increased flexibility without resorting to customised avionics, and reduces costs by using commercially available computing power.^ This cuts the number of parts, provides increased flexibility without resorting to customised avionics, and reduces costs by using commercially available computing power.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other changes included adding more powerful engines and increasing the number of tires from two to four on the nose landing gear and from 16 to 20 on the main landing gear.

^ The use of electronics reduced the number of dials, gauges and knobs from 971 to 365.

[90]
.Together with IMA, the A380 avionics are highly networked.^ Together with IMA, the A380 avionics are very highly networked.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380 employs an Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) architecture, first used in advanced military aircraft such as the F-22 Raptor and the Eurofighter Typhoon.

^ Avionics architecture The A380 employs an Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) architecture, first used in advanced military aircraft such as the F-22 Raptor and the Eurofighter Typhoon.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The data communication networks use Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet, following the ARINC 664 standard.^ The data networks are switched, full-duplexed, star-topology and based on 100baseTX fast-Ethernet.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The data communication networks use Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet, following the ARINC 664 standard.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The language you used does not comply with community standards.
  • Qantas Flaunts Super-Jumbo Perks - WSJ.com 19 September 2009 15:015 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

.The data networks are switched, full-duplex, star-topology and based on 100baseTX fast-Ethernet.^ The data networks are switched, full-duplexed, star-topology and based on 100baseTX fast-Ethernet.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The data networks are switched full-duplexed star-topology and based on 100baseTX fast-Ethernet.

^ The data communication networks use Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet, following the ARINC 664 standard.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[112] .This reduces the amount of wiring required and minimizes latency.^ This reduces the amount of wiring required and minimizes latency.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[113]
.The Network Systems Server (NSS) is the heart of A380 paperless cockpit.^ The Network Systems Server (NSS) is the heart of A380 paperless cockpit.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380's network and server system stores data and offers electronic documentation, providing a required equipment list, navigation charts, performance calculations, and an aircraft logbook.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[114][115] .It eliminates the bulky manuals and charts traditionally carried by pilots; the NSS has enough inbuilt robustness to eliminate onboard backup paper documents.^ The NSS has enough inbuilt robustness to do away with onboard backup paper documents.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It eliminates the bulky manuals and charts traditionally carried by the pilots.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The A380's network and server system stores data and offers electronic documentation, providing a required equipment list, navigation charts, performance calculations, and an aircraft logbook.^ The Network Systems Server (NSS) is the heart of A380 paperless cockpit.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380's network and server system stores data and offers electronic documentation, providing a required equipment list, navigation charts, performance calculations, and an aircraft logbook.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As of 2006, the list price of an A380 is US$ 296 to 316 million, depending on equipment installed.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All are accessible to the pilot from two additional 27 cm (11 in) diagonal LCDs, each controlled by its own keyboard and control cursor device mounted in the foldable table in front of each pilot.^ All are accessible to the pilot from two additional 27 cm (11 inch) diagonal LCDs, each controlled by its own keyboard and control cursor device mounted in the foldable table in front of each pilot.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each seat has it's own wireless control device regulating the backrest angle, lighting level and massage-modes of the chair.
  • Airbus A380: 5-star hotel on wings 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.you.uz [Source type: News]

[113]

Systems

The A380-800 layout with 519 seats displayed
.Power-by-wire flight control actuators are used for the first time in civil service to back up the primary hydraulic flight control actuators.^ Systems The A380-800 layout with 550 seats displayedPower-by-wire flight control actuators are used for the first time in civil service, backing up the primary hydraulic flight control actuators.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To minimize the likelihood of missing the first flight, bidders are strongly urged to make all necessary arrangements needed to ensure that they will be able to be at the point of departure in time for the flight.
  • Count Down To The World's First A380 Commercial Flight 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC auctionwire.ca [Source type: General]

^ The first Engine Alliance powered A380 MSN011 which is due to enter service with Emirates, had its maiden flight on 4 September 2007.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During certain maneuvers, they augment the primary actuators.^ During certain manoeuvres, they augment the primary actuators.

^ During certain maneuvers, they augment the primary actuators.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[116] .They have self-contained hydraulic and electrical power supplies.^ They have self-contained hydraulic and electrical power supplies.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Self-contained electrically powered hydraulic power packs, instead of a secondary hydraulic system, are the backups for the primary systems.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They are used as electro-hydrostatic actuators (EHA) in the aileron and elevator, electric and hydraulic motors to drive the slats as well as electrical backup hydrostatic actuators (EBHA) for the rudder and some spoilers.^ They are used as electro-hydrostatic actuators (EHA) in the aileron and elevator, and as electrical backup hydrostatic actuators (EBHA) for the rudder and some spoilers.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380 features electrically actuated thrust reversers, giving them better reliability than their pneumatic or hydraulic equivalents, in addition to saving weight.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They have self-contained hydraulic and electrical power supplies.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[117]
.The aircraft's 350 bar (35 MPa or 5,000 psi) hydraulic system is an improvement over the typical 210 bar (21 MPa or 3,000 psi) system found in other commercial aircraft since the 1940s.^ The aircraft's 350 bar (35 MPa or 5,000 psi) hydraulic system is an improvement over the typical 210 bar (21 MPa or 3,000 psi) system found in other commercial aircraft since the 1940s.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 350 bar pressure is generated by eight de-clutchable hydraulic pumps.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is expected that the new safety system will cost $100,000 to $450,000 per aircraft and weigh approximately 200 pounds (91 kg).

[118][119] .First used in military aircraft, higher pressure hydraulics reduce the size of pipelines, actuators and other components for overall weight reduction.^ First used in military aircraft, higher pressure hydraulics reduce the size of pipelines, actuators and other components for overall weight reduction.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's primarily designed to connect virtually any city pair in the world while using up to 20% less fuel than any other airplane of its size.
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Flight deck The plane's flight deckAirbus used similar cockpit layout, procedures and handling characteristics to those of other Airbus aircraft, to reduce crew training costs.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The 350 bar pressure is generated by eight de-clutchable hydraulic pumps.^ The 350 bar pressure is generated by eight de-clutchable hydraulic pumps.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The aircraft's 350 bar (35 MPa or 5,000 psi) hydraulic system is an improvement over the typical 210 bar (21 MPa or 3,000 psi) system found in other commercial aircraft since the 1940s.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[119][120] .Pipelines are typically made from titanium and the system features both fuel and air-cooled heat exchangers.^ Pipelines are typically made from titanium and the system features both fuel and air-cooled heat exchangers.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the FBW software (both primary and fall-back system) are both 100% made in Europe (France, AFAIK).
  • A380 at AirVenture 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.avweb.com [Source type: Original source]

.The hydraulics system architecture also differs significantly from other airliners.^ The hydraulics system architecture also differs significantly from other airliners.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The aircraft's 350 bar (35 MPa or 5,000 psi) hydraulic system is an improvement over the typical 210 bar (21 MPa or 3,000 psi) system found in other commercial aircraft since the 1940s.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Self-contained electrically-powered hydraulic power packs serve as backups for the primary systems, instead of a secondary hydraulic system, saving weight and reducing maintenance.^ They have self-contained hydraulic and electrical power supplies.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Self-contained electrically powered hydraulic power packs, instead of a secondary hydraulic system, are the backups for the primary systems.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This saves weight and reduces maintenance.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[121]
.The A380 uses four 150 kVA variable-frequency electrical generators,[122] eliminating constant speed drives and improving reliability.^ The A380 uses four 150 kVA variable-frequency electrical generators eliminating the constant speed drives for better reliability.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A 747-100 owned by General Electric is used as a testbed for their engines [ 84 ] [ 85 ] such as General Electric GEnx .

^ Components of the A380 are provided by suppliers from around the world; the five largest contributors, by value, are Rolls-Royce, SAFRAN, United Technologies, General Electric, and Goodrich.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[123] .The A380 uses aluminium power cables instead of copper for weight reduction.^ The A380 uses aluminium power cables instead of copper for greater weight savings due to the number of cables used for an aircraft of this size and complexity.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First used in military aircraft, higher pressure hydraulics reduce the size of pipelines, actuators and other components for overall weight reduction.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Much of the weight reduction is due to the significantly trimmed grip on the Sony A380, as well as its smaller Lithium-ion battery.
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A380 Digital Camera - Review - The Imaging Resource! 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.imaging-resource.com [Source type: General]

.The electrical power system is fully computerized and many contactors and breakers have been replaced by solid-state devices for better performance and increased reliability.^ The electrical power system is fully computerized and many contactors and breakers have been replaced by solid-state devices for better performance and increased reliability.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380 features electrically actuated thrust reversers, giving them better reliability than their pneumatic or hydraulic equivalents, in addition to saving weight.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Self-contained electrically powered hydraulic power packs, instead of a secondary hydraulic system, are the backups for the primary systems.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[117]
.The A380 features a bulbless illumination system.^ The A380 features a bulbless illumination system.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A new Help system joins the improved DRO brought over from the A900 and the Sony A380 and its new brothers have the SteadyShot Inside feature.
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A380 Digital Camera - Review - The Imaging Resource! 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.imaging-resource.com [Source type: General]

.LEDs are employed in the cabin, cockpit, cargo and other fuselage areas.^ LEDs are employed in the cabin, cockpit, cargo and other fuselage areas.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The cabin lighting features programmable multi-spectral LEDs capable of creating a cabin ambience simulating daylight, night, or levels in between.^ The cabin lighting features programmable multi-spectral LEDs capable of creating a cabin ambience simulating daylight, night or shades in between.

^ The cabin lighting features programmable multi-spectral LEDs[49] capable of creating a cabin ambience simulating daylight, night or shades in between.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[124] .On the outside of the aircraft, HID lighting is used for brighter, whiter illumination.^ On the outside of the aircraft, HID lighting is used to give brighter, whiter and better quality illumination.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The A380 was initially planned without thrust reversers, as Airbus designed the aircraft with ample braking capacity to not require their use.^ The A380 was initially planned without thrust reversers, as Airbus believed it to have ample braking capacity.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From the outset, the Airbus A380 was designed to be the largest passenger aircraft.
  • Abacus - Airbus A380 for FSX - FlightSim Pilot Shop 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.fspilotshop.com [Source type: General]
  • Abacus - Airbus A380 for FSX - FlightSim Pilot Shop 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.fspilotshop.com [Source type: General]

^ The other launch model, the A380-800F, will be one of the largest freight aircraft and will have a payload capacity exceeded only by the Antonov An-225.

[125] .However Airbus elected to fit the two inboard engines with thrust reversers in a late stage of development.^ The FAA disagreed, and Airbus elected to fit only the two inboard engines with them.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380 was initially planned without thrust reversers, as Airbus believed it to have ample braking capacity.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pratt & Whitney was also working on the same principle and, by late 1966, Boeing, Pan-Am and Pratt & Whitney agreed to develop a new engine, designated JT9D , to power the 747.

[94][126] .The two outboard engines do not have reversers, reducing the amount of debris stirred up during landing.^ The two outboard engines do not have reversers, reducing the amount of debris blown up during landing.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The two outboard engines do not go into reverse, to reduce the amount of debris blown up during landing.

^ Also note that outboard engine reverse was not used, because of fear of FOD ingestion, as these engines overhang the turf.
  • A380 at AirVenture 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.avweb.com [Source type: Original source]

.The A380 features electrically actuated thrust reversers, giving them better reliability than their pneumatic or hydraulic equivalents, in addition to saving weight.^ The A380 features electrically actuated thrust reversers, giving them better reliability than their pneumatic or hydraulic equivalents, in addition to saving weight.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The electrical power system is fully computerized and many contactors and breakers have been replaced by solid-state devices for better performance and increased reliability.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380 features an all-new wing design after it was found the A340 wing was too small to be efficient at the sort of gross weights required for a 600 seat aircraft and rather than settle for a 600 tonne wing design instead aimed the wing design at 750 tonnes.
  • Airbus A380 Aircraft Airliner History Information Facts and Interior A380 Pictures Photos 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: General]

[127]

Passenger provisions

.The A380 produces 50% less cabin noise than currently flying 747 models and has greater cabin air pressure, equivalent to an altitude of 1,520 m (5,000 ft) versus 2,440 m (8,000 ft).^ AM 7E7 fly faster than A380?
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2005, the International Civil Aviation Organization recommended that provisional separation criteria for the A380 be substantially greater than for the 747 because preliminary flight test data suggested a stronger wake than the 747.

^ This common design approach sacrifices some fuel efficiency on the A380-800 passenger model, but the sheer size of the aircraft, coupled with the significant advances in technology described below, are still expected to provide lower operating costs per passenger than all current 747 variants.

.Both features are expected to reduce the effects of travel fatigue.^ Passenger provisions Economy class seats on MSN007The A380 produces 50% less cabin noise than a 747 and has higher cabin air pressure (equivalent to an altitude of 1500 metres (5000 feet) versus 2500 metres (8000 feet)); both features are expected to reduce the effects of travel fatigue.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[128][129] .The upper and lower decks are connected by two stairways, fore and aft, wide enough to accommodate two passengers side-by-side.^ The upper and lower decks are connected by two stairways, fore and aft, wide enough to accommodate two passengers side-by-side.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A few early -200s retained the three-window configuration of the -100 on the upper deck, but most were built with a 10-window configuration on each side.

^ On the 747-100 and 747-200, a spiral staircase connected the main and upper decks The 747 enjoyed a fairly smooth introduction into service, overcoming concerns that some airports would not be able to accommodate an aircraft that large.

Business class on the first Singapore Airlines A380
.Compared to a 747, the A380 has larger windows and overhead bins, and 60 cm (2.0 ft) of extra headroom.^ Compared to a 747, the A380 has larger windows and overhead bins, and 60 cm (2 feet) of extra headroom.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on its wingspan, the American FAA classifies the A380 as a Design Group VI aircraft, requiring a width of 60 m (200 ft) for runways and 30 m (100 ft) for taxiways, compared to 45 m (150 ft) and 23 m (75 ft) for Design Group V aircraft such as the Boeing 747.

^ The A380's 20-wheel main landing gearBased on its wingspan, the U.S. FAA classifies the A380 as a Design Group VI aircraft, and originally required a width of 60 m (200 ft) for runways and 30 m (100 ft) for taxiways, compared with 45 m (150 ft) and 23 m (75 ft) for Design Group V aircraft such as the Boeing 747.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The wider cabin allows for up to 48 cm (19 in) wide economy seats at a 10 abreast configuration on the main deck,[130][131] while 10 abreast seating on the 747 has a seat width of only 44.5 cm (17.5 in).^ Boeing 747 main deck economy class seating in 3-4-3 layout .

^ The wider cabin allows for 48 cm (19 inch) wide economy seats instead of 43 cm (17 inch) seats on a 747, although the seat pitch of 81 cm (32 inch) is the same as that on a 747.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A few early -200s retained the three-window configuration of the -100 on the upper deck, but most were built with a 10-window configuration on each side.

[132]
.In a 555-passenger configuration, the A380 has 33% more seats than a 747-400 in a standard three-class configuration but 50% more cabin area and volume,[133] resulting in more space per passenger.^ The A380-800 can carry 555 passengers in a three-class configuration or up to 853 passengers in a single-class economy configuration.

^ This allows for a cabin with 50% more floor space than the next-largest airliner, the Boeing 747-400.
  • Airbus A380 Aircraft Airliner History Information Facts and Interior A380 Pictures Photos 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: General]

^ In a 555-passenger configuration, the A380 has 33% more seats than a 747-400 in a standard three-class configuration but 50% more cabin area and volume, resulting in more space per passenger.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its maximum certified carrying capacity is 853 passengers in an all-economy-class configuration.^ If, however, the plane is ordered in an all-economy-class configuration, it can hold up to 853 passengers, its maximum certified carrying capacity.

^ Its maximum certified carrying capacity is 853 passengers in an all-economy-class configuration.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Japan, 747s on domestic routes are configured to carry close to the maximum passenger capacity.

[35] .The two full-length decks and wide stairways allow multiple seat configurations of the Airbus A380.^ The first class seats that are currently on the 77W would be put on the forward upper deck (like-for-like configuration).

^ In a conventional single-deck widebody configuration (including the 747), you obviously can’t stack sleeper seats at the window seats due to the curvature of the fuselage.

^ The original design included a full-length double-deck fuselage with rows of eight-across seating and two aisles on the lower deck and seven-across seating and two aisles on the upper deck.

.The planned and announced configurations go from 450 passengers, used by Qantas, to 840 passengers, used by Air Austral.^ The 747-200C Convertible is a version that can be converted between a passenger and a freighter or used in mixed configurations.

^ Boeing announced in March 2007 that it had no plans to produce further passenger versions of the -400.

^ The airline plans to use its first several aircraft, in a 471-seat configuration, on its London–Singapore–Sydney service when sufficient aircraft are delivered.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[134][135] .Some operators have configured their airplanes for three-class service and developed special amenities for a number of passengers paying for first class or business class tickets, such as spacious private cabins with separate beds, lounges, and fully reclining seats.^ It leads to the first floor where the economy class passengers and the pilots are seated.
  • Airbus A380: 5-star hotel on wings 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.you.uz [Source type: News]

^ Return business-class ticket costs 2500$ Return first-class - 4000$ .
  • Airbus A380: 5-star hotel on wings 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.you.uz [Source type: News]

^ One A380 customer likely to use innovative amenities is Virgin Atlantic Airways, which has a bar in Business Class on its aircraft, and has announced plans to include casinos, double beds, a gymnasium and showers on its A380s.

.Air France has installed an electronic art gallery exclusively for first class and business class passengers, while Emirates has installed shower spas.^ Emirates A380’s ground-breaking in-flight product also features an Onboard Lounge for First and Business Class passengers which includes a bar with a wide range of beverages and canapés as well as an exclusive space to socialise or simply relax.
  • Emirates Takes Delivery Of Sixth A380 - Dubai City Guide 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.dubaicityguide.com [Source type: News]

^ Unique to the Emirates aircraft are its Shower Spas – two fully-equipped bathrooms in the First Class cabins with shower facilities.
  • Emirates Takes Delivery Of Sixth A380 - Dubai City Guide 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.dubaicityguide.com [Source type: News]

^ Towards the front, First Class passengers can relax in one of 14 flat-bed, massage-equipped Private Suites.
  • Emirates Takes Delivery Of Sixth A380 - Dubai City Guide 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.dubaicityguide.com [Source type: News]

[136]
.Airbus's initial publicity stressed the comfort and space of the A380's cabin,[137] anticipating installations such as relaxation areas, bars, duty-free shops, and beauty salons.^ Airbus' initial publicity stressed the comfort and space of the A380's cabin,[53] anticipating installations such as relaxation areas, bars, duty-free shops, and beauty salons.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Initial publicity stressed the comfort and space of the A380's cabin, which offers room for such installations as relaxation areas, bars, duty-free shops, and beauty salons.

^ Emirates A380’s ground-breaking in-flight product also features an Onboard Lounge for First and Business Class passengers which includes a bar with a wide range of beverages and canapés as well as an exclusive space to socialise or simply relax.
  • Emirates Takes Delivery Of Sixth A380 - Dubai City Guide 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.dubaicityguide.com [Source type: News]

[88] .Virgin Atlantic Airways already offers a bar as part of its "Upper Class" service on its A340 and 747 aircraft, and has announced plans to include casinos, double beds, and gymnasiums on its A380s.^ One A380 customer likely to use innovative amenities is Virgin Atlantic Airways, which has a bar in Business Class on its aircraft, and has announced plans to include casinos, double beds, a gymnasium and showers on its A380s.

^ Virgin Atlantic Airways already offers a bar as part of its "Upper Class" service on its A340 and 747 aircraft, and has announced plans to include casinos, double beds, and gymnasiums on its A380s.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An early-production 747 cockpit, located on the upper deck In April 1966, Pan Am ordered twenty-five 747-100 aircraft for US$525 million.

[138][139] .Singapore Airlines offers twelve partly-enclosed first-class suites on its A380, each featuring one full and one secondary seat, a full-sized bed, desk, and personal storage.^ Singapore Airlines offers twelve fully-enclosed first-class suites on its A380, each with one full and one secondary seat, full-sized bed, desk, personal storage, and 58-cm (23-inch) LCD screen at a 20% to 25% price premium over standard first class seating.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One A380 customer likely to use innovative amenities is Virgin Atlantic Airways, which has a bar in Business Class on its aircraft, and has announced plans to include casinos, double beds, a gymnasium and showers on its A380s.

^ Emirates has not yet revealed their front-end A380 product[59] although Qantas Airways has shown their product which features a long flat-bed that converts from the seat but it does not have privacy doors.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[140] .Four of these suites, C and D on rows 3 and 4, have dividing walls that can be removed to create two double suites with two beds modified into one double bed.^ Four of these suites are in the form of two "double" suites featuring a double bed.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These comprise two Primary Flight Displays, two navigation displays, one engine parameter display, one system display and two Multi-Function Displays.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The original design included a full-length double-deck fuselage with rows of eight-across seating and two aisles on the lower deck and seven-across seating and two aisles on the upper deck.

[141][142] .Qantas Airways has shown their product which features a long flat-bed that converts from the seat but does not have privacy doors.^ Emirates has not yet revealed their front-end A380 product[59] although Qantas Airways has shown their product which features a long flat-bed that converts from the seat but it does not have privacy doors.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The suites feature wood and brass appointments, fresh-cut flowers and leather seats that stretch out into beds.
  • Emirate’s Superluxe Airbus A380 Makes Flying Fun Again. If You’re Loaded | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ The seat can be transformed into a nearly-horizontal 190-cm long bed.
  • Airbus A380: 5-star hotel on wings 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.you.uz [Source type: News]

[143] .Emirates's fourteen first-class private suites have shared access to two "shower spas".[144][145] First and business class passengers have shared access to a snack bar and lounge with two sofas, in addition to a first-class-only private lounge.^ The first two walk into a bar.
  • Airbus A380: 5-star hotel on wings 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.you.uz [Source type: News]

^ Besides the toilets, there are two shower-rooms for first-class passengers.
  • Airbus A380: 5-star hotel on wings 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.you.uz [Source type: News]

^ One A380 customer likely to use innovative amenities is Virgin Atlantic Airways, which has a bar in Business Class on its aircraft, and has announced plans to include casinos, double beds, a gymnasium and showers on its A380s.

[146] It has been suggested that the significantly high levels of customisation of the planes has slowed down production speeds and increased costs.[147]

Integration in the infrastructure

Ground operations

The A380's 20-wheel main landing gear
.In the 1990s, aircraft manufacturers were planning to introduce larger planes than the Boeing 747.^ Boeing says, for example, that Hamburg spent the equivalent of $850 million to fill in part of the River Elbe for docking barges carrying the plane's larger fuselage.
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Airbus plans to hand over 14 double-decker A380s this year, down from the 18 planes it had planned, the Toulouse, France- based manufacturer said today in a statement.

^ Boeing estimated that half of the early 747 sales were to airlines requiring the aircraft's long range rather than its payload capacity.

.In a common effort of the International Civil Aviation Organization, ICAO, with manufacturers, airports and its member agencies, the "80-metre box" was created, the airport gates allowing planes up to 80 m (260 ft) wingspan and length to be accommodated.^ The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is still disputing this issue.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2005, the International Civil Aviation Organization recommended that provisional separation criteria for the A380 be substantially greater than for the 747 because preliminary flight test data suggested a stronger wake than the 747.

^ International flights that bypassed traditional hub airports and landed at smaller cities became more common throughout the 1980s, and this eroded the 747's original market.

[148] .Airbus designed the A380 according to these guidelines,[149][150] and to operate safely on Group V runways and taxiways, and while the U.S. FAA opposed this at an early stage,[151][152] in July 2007, the FAA and EASA agreed to let the A380 operate on 45 m runways without restrictions.^ Airbus claimed from the beginning that the A380 could safely operate on Group V runways and taxiways, without the need for widening.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In July 2007, the FAA and EASA agreed to let the A380 operate on 45 m runways without restrictions.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Airbus A380 approved to operate on 45m runways.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[153] .The A380 can land or take off on any runway that can accommodate a Boeing 747. Runway lighting and signage may need changes to provide clearance to the wings and avoid blast damage from the engines and taxiway shoulders may be required to be stabilized to reduce the likelihood of foreign object damage caused to (or by) the outboard engines, which overhang more than 25 m (82 ft) from the centre line of the aircraft.^ The A380 was designed to fit within an 80 x 80 m airport gate, and can land or take off on any runway that can take a Boeing 747 .

^ Taxiway shoulders may be required to be paved to reduce the likelihood of foreign object damage caused to (or by) the outboard engines, which overhang more than 25 m (80 ft) from the centre line of the aircraft.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Take-off & operating weights were gained, newer aerodynamitics, completely digitally computerized ILS glass cockpit & wing tips & more powerful engines were added over the years, but the one thing that it never received was a stretched body!
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[154]
A380 being serviced by three separate jetways at Frankfurt Airport; two for the main deck and one for the upper deck.
.The pavement of most runways will not need to be reinforced despite the higher weight,[154] as it is distributed on more wheels than in other aircraft with a total of 22 wheels, four more than the rivalling Boeing 747 and eight more than the Boeing 777.[155] Airbus measured pavement loads using a 540-tonne (595 short tons) ballasted test rig, designed to replicate the landing gear of the A380. The rig was towed over a section of pavement at Airbus' facilities that had been instrumented with embedded load sensors.^ The rig was towed over a section of pavement at Airbus' facilities that had been instrumented with embedded load sensors.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, the pressure exerted by its wheels is lower than that of a Boeing 747 or Boeing 777 because the A380 has 22 wheels, four more than the 747, and eight more than the 777.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Airbus measured pavement loads using a 540-tonne (595 short tons) ballasted test rig, designed to replicate the landing gear of the A380.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[156]
.The A380 requires service vehicles with lifts capable of reaching the upper deck,[157] as well as tractors capable of handling the A380's maximum ramp weight.^ A380 being serviced by three separate jetways at Frankfurt Airport; two for the main deck and one for the upper deck.Service vehicles with lifts capable of reaching the upper deck should be obtained,[78] as well as tractors capable of handling the A380's maximum ramp weight.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Service vehicles with lifts capable of reaching the upper deck must be obtained, as well as tractors capable of handling the A380's maximum ramp weight.

^ The A380's wing is sized for a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) over 650 metric tonnes in order to accommodate these future versions, albeit with some strengthening required.

[158] .Using two jetway bridges the boarding time is 45 min, using an extra jetway to the upper deck it is reduced to 34 min.^ (The stretched upper deck had previously been offered as a retrofit and first appeared on two Japanese 747-100 SR models.

^ The terminal gate must be sized such that the A380's wings do not block adjacent gates, and may also provide multiple jetway bridges for simultaneous boarding on both decks.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two 747-100SRs were delivered to Japan Airlines with a stretched upper deck to accommodate more passengers.

[159] .The A380 test aircraft have participated in a campaign of airport compatibility testing to verify the modifications already made at several large airports, visiting a number of airports around the world.^ The A380 test aircraft have participated in a campaign of airport compatibility testing to verify the modifications already made at several large airports, visiting a number of airports around the world.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They have already made some modifications just to make it look cool.
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ChunkyMonkey 07-29-2004, 07:34 PM I think the A380 has a very limited market as airports will have to be made compatible with the aircraft.
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[160]

Takeoff and landing separation

A380 takeoff.ogg
An A380 taxiing
.In 2005, the ICAO recommended that provisional separation criteria for the A380 on takeoff and landing be substantially greater than for the 747 because preliminary flight test data suggested a stronger wake turbulence.^ In 2005, the ICAO recommended that provisional separation criteria for the A380 be substantially greater than for the 747 because preliminary flight test data suggested a stronger wake than the 747.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It arrived in North America on 6 February, when an A380 landed in Iqaluit, Nunavut in Canada for cold-weather testing.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Airbus measured pavement loads using a 540-tonne (595 short tons) ballasted test rig, designed to replicate the landing gear of the A380.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[161][162] .These criteria were in effect while the ICAO's wake vortex steering group, with representatives from the JAA, Eurocontrol, the FAA, and Airbus, refined its 3-year study of the issue with additional flight testing.^ These criteria were in effect while the A380 Wake Vortex Steering Group, with representatives from the JAA, Eurocontrol, the FAA, and Airbus, refined its 3-year study of the issue with additional flight testing.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Airbus A380 wake vortex study completed", Airbus S.A.S., 28 September 2006.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2005, the ICAO recommended that provisional separation criteria for the A380 be substantially greater than for the 747 because preliminary flight test data suggested a stronger wake than the 747.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In September 2006, the working group presented its first conclusions to the ICAO.[163][164]
.In November 2006, the ICAO issued new interim recommendations.^ In September 2006, the working group presented its conclusions to the ICAO, which rendered final guidance on the issue in November 2006.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In September 2006, the working group presented its conclusions to the ICAO, which is expected to issue final guidance on the issue in November 2006.

.Replacing a blanket 10 nautical miles (19 km) separation for aircraft trailing an A380 during approach, the new distances were 6 nmi (11 km), 8 nmi (15 km) and 10 nmi (19 km) respectively for non-A380 "Heavy", "Medium", and "Light" ICAO aircraft categories.^ The working group concluded that an aircraft trailing an A380 during approach needs to maintain a separation of 6 nm, 8 nm and 10 nm respectively for ICAO "Heavy", "Medium" and "Light" aircraft categories, instead of the traditional 4 nm, 5 nm and 6 nm spacing.

^ The working group concluded that an aircraft trailing an A380 during approach needs to maintain a separation of 6 nmi, 8 nmi and 10 nmi respectively for ICAO "Heavy", "Medium", and "Light" aircraft categories, compared with 4 nmi, 5 nmi and 6 nmi spacing for other heavy aircraft.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The minimum distance for an aircraft trailing an A380 is 11 km.
  • Airbus A380: 5-star hotel on wings 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC www.you.uz [Source type: News]

.These compared with the 4 nmi (7.4 km), 5 nmi (9.3 km) and 6 nmi (11 km) spacing applicable to other "Heavy" aircraft.^ The working group concluded that an aircraft trailing an A380 during approach needs to maintain a separation of 6 nmi, 8 nmi and 10 nmi respectively for ICAO "Heavy", "Medium", and "Light" aircraft categories, compared with 4 nmi, 5 nmi and 6 nmi spacing for other heavy aircraft.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 747X aircraft was to carry 430 passengers over ranges of up to 8,700 nmi (10,000 mi, 16,100 km).

^ The -200B aircraft has a full load range of about 6,857 nmi (12,700 km).

.Another A380 following an A380 should maintain a separation of 4 nmi (7.4 km).^ The second model, the A380-800F freighter, will carry 150 tonnes of cargo 10,400 km (5,600 nmi).
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The working group concluded that an aircraft trailing an A380 during approach needs to maintain a separation of 6 nmi, 8 nmi and 10 nmi respectively for ICAO "Heavy", "Medium", and "Light" aircraft categories, compared with 4 nmi, 5 nmi and 6 nmi spacing for other heavy aircraft.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To participate in the auction, the interested bidder should follow the instructions prescribed in www.singaporeair.com/a380 .
  • Count Down To The World's First A380 Commercial Flight 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC auctionwire.ca [Source type: General]

.On departure behind an A380, non-A380 "Heavy" aircraft are required to wait two minutes, and "Medium"/"Light" aircraft three minutes for time based operations.^ On departure behind an A380, the working group concluded that "Heavy" aircraft are required to wait two minutes, and "Medium"/"Light" aircraft three minutes for time based operations.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Airbus A380 19 January 2010 8:47 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The working group concluded that an aircraft trailing an A380 during approach needs to maintain a separation of 6 nmi, 8 nmi and 10 nmi respectively for ICAO "Heavy", "Medium", and "Light" aircraft categories, compared with 4 nmi, 5 nmi and 6 nmi spacing for other heavy aircraft.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shortly after the first historic flight, the Singapore Airlines A380 will enter revenue service as one of the three scheduled flights the Airline currently operates on the Singapore-Sydney route.
  • Count Down To The World's First A380 Commercial Flight 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC auctionwire.ca [Source type: General]

.The ICAO also recommends that pilots append the term "Super" to the aircraft's callsign when initiating communication with air traffic control, in order to distinguish the A380 from "Heavy" aircraft.^ During the A380's maiden trip to the United States in 2007, air traffic control used the callsign suffix "Super" to distinguish the A380 from "Heavy" aircraft.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Tenerife disaster resulted from pilot error, air traffic control (ATC) error and communications failure, while the Japan Airlines Flight 123 and China Airlines Flight 611 crashes stemmed from improper aircraft repair.

^ The working group concluded that an aircraft trailing an A380 during approach needs to maintain a separation of 6 nmi, 8 nmi and 10 nmi respectively for ICAO "Heavy", "Medium", and "Light" aircraft categories, compared with 4 nmi, 5 nmi and 6 nmi spacing for other heavy aircraft.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[165]
.In August 2008, the ICAO issued revised approach separations of 4 nmi (7.4 km) for Super (another A380), 6 nmi (11 km) for Heavy, 7 nmi (13 km) for medium/small, and 8 nmi (15 km) for light.^ The working group concluded that an aircraft trailing an A380 during approach needs to maintain a separation of 6 nmi, 8 nmi and 10 nmi respectively for ICAO "Heavy", "Medium", and "Light" aircraft categories, compared with 4 nmi, 5 nmi and 6 nmi spacing for other heavy aircraft.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the A380's maiden trip to the United States in 2007, air traffic control used the callsign suffix "Super" to distinguish the A380 from "Heavy" aircraft.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The FAA also considered limiting the taxi speed of the A380 to 25 km/h (15 mph) when operating on Group V infrastructure, but issued waivers related to the speed restriction and some of the proposed runway widening requirements.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[166]

Future variants

Improved A380-800

.From 2012, Airbus will offer, as an option, improved maximum take-off weight, thus providing a better payload/range performance.^ Increased maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) can allow an aircraft to carry more fuel and have longer range.

^ The take-off weight of the aircraft was 421 tonnes (464 short tons); although this was only 75 percent of its maximum take-off weight, it was the heaviest take-off weight of any passenger airliner ever flown.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380's wing is sized for a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) over 650 tonnes in order to accommodate these future versions, albeit with some strengthening required.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The option was introduced in order to counter a perceived strength of the 747-8I, the latest revision of the Boeing 747.[167] The precise size of the increase in maximum take-off weight is still unknown.^ A 747-100B version, which has a stronger airframe and undercarriage design as well as an increased maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) of 750,000 lb (340,000 kg) was offered.

^ Several new Boeing 747-8s have been ordered by Boeing Business Jet for conversion to VIP transport for several unidentified customers.

^ The 747-8 has received a total of 105 orders with 78 for the -8F and 27 for the -8I as of June 2009.

British Airways and Emirates will be the first customers to receive this new option.[168]

A380-900

.In November 2007, Airbus top sales executive and chief operating officer John Leahy confirmed plans for an enlarged variant, the A380-900, which would be slightly longer than the A380-800 (79.4–73 m or 260–240 ft).^ Airbus Industrie Airbus A380-800 .
  • Photo Search Results | Airliners.net 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.airliners.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Emirates Airbus A380-800 .
  • Photo Search Results | Airliners.net 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.airliners.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Future versions [edit] Airbus A380-900 Airbus sales executive John Leahy confirmed the plans for an enlarged version, the A380-900.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[169] .This version would have a seating capacity of 650 passengers in standard configuration, and approximately 900 passengers in economy-only configuration.^ This version would have a seat capacity of 650 passengers in standard configuration, and of around 900 passengers in economy-only configuration.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the 777-300ER, Singapore Airlines’ economy class area covers a length of approximately 21m, which would be enough to accomodate 120 JPA (-type) stacked sleeper seats in a (2-2×2-2×2-2)-configuration with three aisles, and a seat pitch of 210 cm which is a whopping 2,5 times the current industry standard The economy class in the present configuration holds 228 seats.

^ Future variants may include an A380-900 stretch seating about 656 passengers (or up to 960 passengers in an all economy configuration) and an extended range version with the same passenger capacity as the A380-800.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The development of the A380-900 is planned to start once production of the A380-800 variant reaches 40 planes per year, expected to be in 2010. Given this timeline, the first A380-900s could be delivered to customers around 2015, about the same time as the A380-800F (freighter variant).^ Given this timeline, first A380-900s could be delivered to costumers around 2015, hence at about the same time as the freighter variant A380-800F. [edit] Specifications Size comparison between four of the largest aircraft.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How many A380’s have been delivered this year?

^ The development of the A380-900 is planned to start once the regular production of the A380-800 variant reaches 40 planes per year.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Airlines that have expressed interest in the model include Emirates,[170] Virgin Atlantic,[171] Cathay Pacific,[172] Air France-KLM, Lufthansa,[173] Kingfisher Airlines,[174] as well as the leasing company ILFC.[175]
.Airbus is also considering a longer version for 1,000 passengers.^ Airbus suspended work on the freighter version in order to concentrate on delivering the passenger version, but said the freighter remained on offer.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[176] .Lufthansa and Air France were interested in the version.^ Air France 747-200 in landing configuration Several versions in addition to the -200 were produced.

^ JMGarcia 08-08-2004, 05:20 PM Air France has 24 and Lufthansa has 30 plus 8 frieghters.
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[177]

Market

A380 at the Paris Air Show 2005
.Parallel to the design of the A380, Airbus conducted the most extensive and thorough market analysis of commercial aviation ever undertaken.^ Airbus measured pavement loads using a 540-tonne (595 short tons) ballasted test rig, designed to replicate the landing gear of the A380.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380 designation was a break from previous Airbus families, which had progressed sequentially from A300 to A340.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first ever A380 commercial flight is a significant milestone in aviation history that will never be repeated.
  • Count Down To The World's First A380 Commercial Flight 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC auctionwire.ca [Source type: General]

[24] .In 2007, Airbus estimated a demand for 1,283 passenger planes in the category VLA (Very Large Aircraft, with more than 400 seats) for the next 20 years if the airport congestion remains at the current level.^ Airbus intends to deliver 20 A380s next year.

^ This common design approach sacrifices some fuel efficiency on the A380-800 passenger model, but Airbus estimates that the size of the aircraft, coupled with the advances in technology described below, will provide lower operating costs per passenger than all current variants of Boeing 747.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In January 1993, Boeing and several companies in the Airbus consortium started a joint feasibility study of an aircraft known as the Very Large Commercial Transport (VLCT), aiming to form a partnership to share the limited market.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

If the congestion increases, the demand could reach up to 1,771 VLAs. .Most of this demand will be due to the urbanization and rapid economic growth in Asia.^ How about China and India that have large cities and a rapid economic growth ?
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[178]
.The A380 will be used on relatively few routes, between the most saturated airports.^ The Sony A380's tilting screen is handy at times, but because I shoot vertically most of the time, I really couldn't use it as often as I'd like.
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A380 Digital Camera - Review - The Imaging Resource! 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC www.imaging-resource.com [Source type: General]

^ Additionally, some of the most advanced high-lift devices used in the industry were included in the new design, in order to allow it to operate from existing airports.

^ Until then, the A380 will be used between Sydney and Singapore.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Airbus also estimates a demand for 415 freighters in the category 120-tonne plus. Boeing, which offers the only competition in that class, the 747-8, estimates the demand for passenger VLAs at 590 and that for freighter VLAs at 370 for the period 2007-2026.[179] In 2006 two industry analysts anticipated 400 and 880 A380 sales respectively by 2025.[24]
.At one time the A380 was considered as a potential replacement for the existing Boeing VC-25 serving as Air Force One,[180][181] but in January 2009 EADS declared that they were not going to bid for the contract, as assembling only three planes in the US would not make financial sense.^ "US considers Airbus A380 as Air Force One and potentially a C-5 replacement", flightglobal.com, 17 October 2007.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They need only to register to bid.
  • Count Down To The World's First A380 Commercial Flight 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC auctionwire.ca [Source type: General]

^ Such a purchase would not only boost Airbus' already impressive A380 orders book, now at 129 firm orders, but would also give it a symbolic and commercial lead over its US rival in the much sought-after market.
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[182]
.As of November 2009, there were 202 orders for the A380-800, while there were 20 for the 747-8 Intercontinental (both not including VIP orders) and 81 for the 747-8F. The break-even for the A380 was initially supposed to be reached at 270 units.^ Airbus expects to sell a total of 750 aircraft, and estimated break-even at 420 units, increased from 270 due to the delays and the falling exchange rate of the US dollar.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Boeing, meanwhile, resurrected the 747X programme several times before finally launching the 747-8 Intercontinental in November 2005 (with entry into service planned for 2009).
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Airbus initially said the program would break even when it sold 270 superjumbos.

.Due to the delays and the falling exchange rate of the US dollar, it increased to 420 units.^ Airbus expects to sell a total of 750 aircraft, and estimated break-even at 420 units, increased from 270 due to the delays and the falling exchange rate of the US dollar.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43] .In April 2007, Airbus CEO Louis Gallois said that break-even had risen further, but declined to give the new figure.^ In April 2007, Airbus CEO Louis Gallois said that break-even had risen further, but declined to give the new figure.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That was the break even figure for the MD11 on about a $7 billion development budget.

^ Airbus initially said the program would break even when it sold 270 superjumbos.

.As of April 2008, the list price of an A380 was US$ 317.2 to 337.5 million, depending on equipment installed.^ As of 2006, the list price of an A380 is US$ 296 to 316 million, depending on equipment installed.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380’s list price is $327 million, though the earliest customers for planes get substantial discounts.

[2]

Orders and deliveries

Airbus A380 firm net orders and deliveries (cumulative by year)
.Seventeen customers have ordered the A380, including an order from aircraft lessor ILFC and one VIP order by Airbus Executive and Private Aviation.^ Three aircraft have been built, and one on order.

^ Orders and deliveries Main article: List of Airbus A380 orders and deliveries A380-800 orders, by year Eigthteen customer have ordered the A380, including an order from aircraft lessor ILFC. Total orders for the A380 stand at 193, of which 165 were firm as of 31 October 2007.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Airbus A380 Features The A380 has a number of features designed to improve customer comfort and reduce travel fatigue.

[183] .Total orders for the A380 stand at 202 as of 20 January 2010.[184][185] A total of 27 orders originally placed for the freighter version, A380-800F, were either cancelled (20) or converted to A380-800 (7), following the production delay and the subsequent suspension of the freighter program.^ The third delay was followed by the first cancellations to hit the A380 programme.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A380 is offered in passenger and freighter versions.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Orders for the freighter model reached 27 but dwindled to zero following the production delays.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In mid-2009, Airbus planned to deliver 20 or more A380s in 2010.[186]
Delivery takes place in Hamburg for customers from Europe and the Middle East and in Toulouse for customers from the rest of the world.[187]
A380 firm net orders, by year[188][189]
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total
Orders A380-800 78 0 34 10 10 24 33 9 4 0 202
A380-800F 7 10 0 0 10 -17 -10 0 0 0 0
Deliveries A380-800 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 12 10 3 [190] 26[190]

Commercial operators

Air France Airbus A380.
.The following table lists airlines whose A380 aircraft have commenced commercial passenger flights.^ The airline runs the only A380 in commercial service to date.The first aircraft sold, MSN003, was handed over on 15 October 2007, following a lengthy acceptance test phase, and entered into service on 25 October 2007, with a commercial flight between Singapore and Sydney (flight number SQ380).
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Andrew Doyle, an aviation expert at Flight International, said: "The A380 programme can't be judged a success without sales to Japanese airlines.
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Singapore Airlines recognizes the level of international interest in the A380 First Flight Charity Auction, and we want to make this an auction accessible to all.
  • Count Down To The World's First A380 Commercial Flight 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC auctionwire.ca [Source type: General]

.It does not include operators that have ordered or taken delivery of or announced details of inaugural flights of A380s, but not yet commenced commercial passenger flights.^ The 747-400D was built for short range operations and does not include winglets, but these can be retrofitted.

^ This charity auction celebrates the world's biggest passenger airliner making its first commercial flight.
  • Count Down To The World's First A380 Commercial Flight 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC auctionwire.ca [Source type: General]

.For further information, including non-commercial operators, see List of Airbus A380 orders and deliveries.^ Airbus orders & deliveries.
  • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such a purchase would not only boost Airbus' already impressive A380 orders book, now at 129 firm orders, but would also give it a symbolic and commercial lead over its US rival in the much sought-after market.
  • A380 [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 10 February 2010 10:37 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Etihad Airways appears to have joined the growing list of operators that has decided to push back deliveries of its Airbus A380’s, less than twelve months after placing one of the biggest orders in history for fleet procurement.

Airline First commercial flight
France Air France  20 November 2009 [191]
United Arab Emirates Emirates  1 August 2008 [73]
Australia Qantas  20 October 2008 [74]
Singapore Singapore Airlines  25 October 2007 [69]

Specifications

Measurement A380-800 A380-800F
Cockpit crew Two
Seating capacity 525 (3-class)[82]
644 (2-class)
853 (1-class)
12 couriers
Length 73 m (240 ft)
Wingspan 79.75 m (261.6 ft)[192]
Height 24.1 m (79 ft)
Wheelbase 30.4 m (100 ft)
Wheel track 14.34 m (47.0 ft)[192]
Outside fuselage width 7.14 m (23.4 ft)
Cabin width 6.58 m (21.6 ft) for Main deck
5.92 m (19.4 ft) for Upper deck
Wing area 845 m2 (9,100 sq ft)
Wing sweep 33.5°
Operating empty weight 276,800 kg (610,000 lb) 252,200 kg (556,000 lb)
Maximum take-off weight 560,000 kg (1,200,000 lb) 590,000 kg (1,300,000 lb)
Maximum payload 90,800 kg (200,000 lb) 152,400 kg (336,000 lb)
Maximum cargo volume 176 m3 (6,200 cu ft)[193] 1,134 m3 (40,000 cu ft)[194]
Maximum operating speed
at cruise altitude
Mach 0.89[82]
(945 km/h, 587 mph, 510 knots)
Maximum speed Mach 0.96[195]
(at cruise altitude: 1020 km/h, 634 mph, 551 knots)
Take off run at MTOW 2,750 m (9,020 ft)[149] 2,900 m (9,500 ft)[149]
Range at design load 15,200 km (8,200 nmi, 9,400 mi) 10,400 km (5,600 nmi, 6,400 mi)
Service ceiling 13,115 m (43,028 ft)[196]
Maximum fuel capacity 310,000 L
(81,890 US gal, 68,200 imp gal)
310,000 L
(81,890 US gal, 68,200 imp gal),
356,000 L
(94,000 US gal, 78,300 imp gal) option
Engines (4 x) GP7270 (A380-861)
Trent 970/B (A380-841)
Trent 972/B (A380-842)
GP7277 (A380-863F)
Trent 977/B (A380-843F)
Thrust (4 x) 311 kN (70,000 lbf) - 355 kN (80,000 lbf)[197][198]
Sources: Airbus A380 specifications[82]

See also

Related development
Comparable aircraft
Related lists

References

  1. ^ "Full production list of A380 aircraft". plane.spottingworld.com. http://plane.spottingworld.com/A380_production_list. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "Airbus includes surcharge in 2008 catalogue prices". Flight International. 22 April 2008. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2008/04/22/223184/airbus-includes-surcharge-in-2008-catalogue-prices.html. Retrieved 22 April 2008. 
  3. ^ "A380 Freighter Specifications". Airbus. http://www.airbus.com/en/aircraftfamilies/a380/a380f/specifications.html. Retrieved 16 September 2006. 
  4. ^ Norris, 2005. p. 7.
  5. ^ "MDC brochures for undeveloped versions of the MD-11 and MD-12". md-eleven.net. http://md-eleven.net/MD11-MD12-undeveloped-models. Retrieved April 14, 2008. 
  6. ^ "McDonnell Douglas Unveils New MD-XX Trijet Design". McDonnell Douglas. September 4, 1996. http://www.boeing.com/news/releases/mdc/96-221.html. 
  7. ^ Norris, 2005. p. 16-17.
  8. ^ Norris, 2005. p. 17-18.
  9. ^ Norris, 2005. p. 31.
  10. ^ a b c Wallace, James (24 October 2007). "Airbus all in on need for jumbo -- but Boeing still doubtful". Seattle PI. http://www.seattlepi.com/business/336611_airbus24.html. 
  11. ^ "Boeing, partners expected to scrap Super-Jet study". Los Angeles Times. 10 July 1995. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/22490883.html?dids=22490883:22490883&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Jul+10%2C+1995&author=&pub=Los+Angeles+Times+(pre-1997+Fulltext)&desc=Boeing%2C+Partners+Expected+to+Scrap+Super-Jet+Study&pqatl=google. 
  12. ^ Bowen, David (4 June 1994). "Airbus will reveal plan for super-jumbo: Aircraft would seat at least 600 people and cost dollars 8bn to develop". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/airbus-will-reveal-plan-for-superjumbo-aircraft-would-seat-at-least-600-people-and-cost-dollars-8bn-to-develop-1420367.html. 
  13. ^ Sweetman, Bill (1 October 1994). "Airbus hits the road with A3XX". Interavia Business & Technology. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-5533225_ITM. 
  14. ^ a b c d e Norris, Guy; Mark Wagner (2005). .Airbus A380: Superjumbo of the 21st Century.^ In fact, the Airbus A380 is so large it's come to be known by the nickname "Superjumbo."

    Zenith Press. .ISBN 978-0-7603-2218-5.^ ISBN 978-0-7603-2218-5.
    • همه چیز درباره ایرباس آ380 10 September 2009 21:16 UTC www.aligold.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    http://www.zenithpress.com/ProductDetails_32796.ncm
    .
     
  15. ^ "Aviation giants have Super-jumbo task". Orlando Sentinel. 27 November 1994. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/orlandosentinel/access/77995305.html?dids=77995305:77995305&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Nov+27%2C+1994&author=Karen+West+Seattle+Post-Intelligencer&pub=Orlando+Sentinel&desc=AVIATION+GIANTS+HAVE+SUPER-JUMBO+TASK+ENORMOUS+COMMERCIAL+JET+JUST+PAPER+AIRPLANE+FOR+NOW&pqatl=google. 
  16. ^ Norris, Guy (10 September 1997). "Boeing looks again at plans for NLA". Flight International. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/1997/09/10/20640/boeing-looks-again-at-plans-for-nla.html. 
  17. ^ "Superjumbo or white elephant?". Flight International. 1 August 1995. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/1995/08/01/16420/superjumbo-or-white-elephant.html. 
  18. ^ Harrison, Michael (23 October 1996). "Lehman puts $18bn price tag on Airbus float". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/lehman-puts-18bn-price-tag-on-airbus-float-1359754.html. 
  19. ^ Pae, Peter (20 December 2000). "Airbus Giant-Jet Gamble OKd in Challenge to Boeing; Aerospace: EU rebuffs Clinton warning that subsidies for project could lead to a trade war". Los Angeles Times. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/65446674.html?dids=65446674:65446674&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Dec+20%2C+2000&author=PETER+PAE&pub=Los+Angeles+Times&desc=Airbus+Giant-Jet+Gamble+OKd+in+Challenge+to+Boeing%3B+Aerospace%3A+EU+rebuffs+Clinton+warning+that+subsidies+for+project+could+lead+to+a+trade+war.&pqatl=google. 
  20. ^ "The Casino in the Sky". Associated Press. 19 December 2000. http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/2000/12/40748. 
  21. ^ "Airbus jumbo on runway". CNN. 19 December 2000. http://money.cnn.com/2000/12/19/europe/airbus/. 
  22. ^ "Virgin orders six A3XX aircraft, allowing Airbus to meet its goal". Wall Street Journal. 15 December 2000. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB976882107200789994.html?mod=googlewsj. 
  23. ^ "Airbus delivers first A380 fuselage section from Spain". Airbus. 6 November 2003. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/11_06_03_A380.html. 
  24. ^ a b c Babka, Scott (5 September 2006). "EADS: the A380 Debate" (PDF). Morgan Stanley. http://www.leeham.net/filelib/A380DEBATEFINAL.pdf. Retrieved 13 September 2006. 
  25. ^ "A380: topping out ceremony in the equipment hall. A380: special transport ship in Hamburg for the first time". Airbus Press Centre. 10 June 2004. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/10_jun_04_topping_out_ceremony.html. Retrieved 19 June 2009. 
  26. ^ a b "Towards Toulouse". Flight International. 20 May 2003. http://www.flightglobal.com/Articles/2003/05/20/165712/Towards+Toulouse.html. Retrieved 18 September 2006. 
  27. ^ "A380 convoys". IGG.FR. 28 October 2007. http://www.igg.fr/. Retrieved 28 October 2007. 
  28. ^ "Airbus starts painting first A380". Airbus. 11 April 2007. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/07_04_11_A380_first_paint.html. Retrieved 29 June 2009. 
  29. ^ a b Kingsley-Jones, Max (20 December 2005). "A380 powers on through flight-test". Flight International. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2005/12/20/203708/a380-powers-on-through-flight-test.html. Retrieved 25 September 2007. 
  30. ^ Madslien, Jorn (18 January 2005). "Giant plane a testimony to 'old Europe'". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/4184987.stm. 
  31. ^ "A380, the 21st century flagship, successfully completes its first flight". Airbus. 27 April 2005. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/27_Apr_05_A380Landing.html. 
  32. ^ "A380 Successfully completes its first flight". Flug Revue. 27 April 2005. http://www.flug-revue.rotor.com/FRtypen/FRErstfl/FR05Erst/PRA380.htm. Retrieved 14 March 2008. 
  33. ^ "Airbus tests A380 jet in extreme cold of Canada". MSNBC. 8 February 2006. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/11236081/. Retrieved 16 September 2006. 
  34. ^ "Airbus to reinforce part of A380 wing after March static test rupture". Flight International. 23 May 2006. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2006/05/23/206797/airbus-to-reinforce-part-of-a380-wing-after-march-static-test.html. Retrieved 7 March 2008. 
  35. ^ a b Daly, Kieran (6 April 2006). "Airbus A380 evacuation trial full report: everyone off in time". Flight International. http://www.flightglobal.com/Articles/2006/04/06/Navigation/177/205793/Airbus+A380+evacuation+trial+full+report+everyone+off+in.html. Retrieved 16 September 2006. 
  36. ^ "Pictures: Airbus A380 clears European and US certification hurdles for evacuation trial". Flight International. 29 March 2006. http://www.flightglobal.com/Articles/2006/03/29/Navigation/177/205739/Pictures+Airbus+A380+clears+European+and+US+certification+hurdles+for+evacuation.html. Retrieved 16 September 2006. 
  37. ^ "GE joint venture engines tested on Airbus A380". Business Courier. 25 August 2006. http://cincinnati.bizjournals.com/cincinnati/stories/2006/08/21/daily47.html. 
  38. ^ "First GP7200-Powered Airbus A380 Takes Its First Flight". PR Newswire. 25 August 2006. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-17395110_ITM. 
  39. ^ a b "Airbus A380 completes test flight". BBC News. 4 September 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/5312020.stm. Retrieved 16 September 2006. 
  40. ^ "Airbus A380 jets off for tests in Asia from the eye of a storm". USA Today. 11 November 2006. http://www.usatoday.com/travel/flights/2006-11-09-airbus-asia-test_x.htm. 
  41. ^ "EASA Type-Certificate Data Sheet TCDS A.110 Is sue 03" (PDF). EASA. 14 December 2007. http://www.easa.europa.eu/ws_prod/c/doc/Design_Appro/Aircrafts/TCDS%20EASA.A.110%20Airbus%20A380%20Iss%203%20(14%20Dec%2007).pdf. Retrieved 19 May 2008. 
  42. ^ a b "FAA Type Certificate Data Sheet NO.A58NM Rev 2" (PDF). FAA. 14 December 2007. http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library%5CrgMakeModel.nsf/0/159B44F68212A2FE862573B70056D374/$FILE/A58NM.pdf. Retrieved 7 January 2008. 
  43. ^ a b Heinen, Mario (19 October 2006). "The A380 programme" (PDF). EADS. http://www.eads.com/xml/content/OF00000000400004/0/74/41485740.pdf. Retrieved 19 October 2006. 
  44. ^ Kingsley-Jones, Max (18 July 2006). "The race to rewire the Airbus A380". Flight International. http://www.flightglobal.com/Articles/2006/07/18/Navigation/252/207894/Farnborough+first+news+The+race+to+rewire+the+Airbus.html. Retrieved 21 September 2006. 
  45. ^ a b c d e Clark, Nicola (6 November 2006). "The Airbus saga: Crossed wires and a multibillion-euro delay". International Herald Tribune. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/11/business/worldbusiness/11iht-airbus.3860198.html?pagewanted=5&_r=1. 
  46. ^ Kenneth Wong (6 December 2006). "What Grounded the Airbus A380?". Cadalyst Manufacturing. http://manufacturing.cadalyst.com/manufacturing/article/articleDetail.jsp?id=390123. 
  47. ^ Crane, Mary (6 June 2006). "Major turbulence for EADS on A380 delay". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/2006/06/14/airbus-eads-boeing-614markets12.html. 
  48. ^ Clark, Nicola (5 June 2006). "Airbus delay on giant jet sends shares plummeting". International Herald Tribune. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A01E5DC1031F936A25755C0A9609C8B63. 
  49. ^ Clark, Nicola (4 September 2006). "Airbus replaces chief of jumbo jet project". International Herald Tribune. http://www.iht.com/articles/2006/09/04/business/airbus.php. Retrieved 16 September 2006. 
  50. ^ "Airbus confirms further A380 delay and launches company restructuring plan". Airbus. 3 October 2006. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/06_10_03_a380_delays_company_restructuring_plan.html. Retrieved 3 October 2006. 
  51. ^ Robertson, David (3 October 2006). "Airbus will lose €4.8bn because of A380 delays". London: The Times. http://business.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,9077-2387999,00.html. 
  52. ^ "A380 Freighter delayed as Emirates switches orders". Flight International. 16 May 2006. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/article-1G1-145831136/a380-freighter-delayed-emirates.html. 
  53. ^ Quentin Wilber, Dell (8 November 2006). "Airbus bust, Boeing boost". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/07/AR2006110701506.html. Retrieved 8 November 2006. 
  54. ^ "Fedex pulls out of superjumbo". Europe Intelligence Wire. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-25129522_ITM. Retrieved 8 November 2008. 
  55. ^ "Back to the drawing board". Flight International. 13 March 2006. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/article-1G1-160427972/back-drawing-board.html. 
  56. ^ "ILFC to defer its Airbus A380 order until at least 2013, ditching freighter variants for passenger configuration". Flight International. 4 December 2006. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2006/12/04/210965/ilfc-to-defer-its-airbus-a380-order-until-at-least-2013-ditching-freighter-variants-for-passenger.html. 
  57. ^ "Airbus says A380F development 'interrupted'". Flight International. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2007/03/05/212437/airbus-says-a380f-development-interrupted-by-ups-cancellation-but-still-on.html. Retrieved 6 March 2007. 
  58. ^ "Airbus has no timeline on the A380 freighter". Flight International. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2008/03/11/222139/airbus-has-no-timeline-on-the-a380-freighter.html. Retrieved 20 March 2008. 
  59. ^ "Emirates Airlines reaffirms commitment to A380 and orders additional four". Airbus. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/07_05_07_Emirates_additional_A380s.html. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  60. ^ "Singapore Airlines boosts Airbus fleet with additional A380 orders". Airbus. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/06_12_20_Singapore_additional_A380s.html. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  61. ^ "Qantas signs firm order for eight additional A380s". Airbus. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/06_12_21_qantas_8_more_a380.html. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  62. ^ "Air France to order two additional A380s and 18 A320 Family aircraft". Airbus. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/07_06_18_air_france_a380_a320fam.html. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  63. ^ "Qatar Airways confirms order for 80 A350 XWBs and adds three A380s". Airbus. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/07_06_18_qatar_A350_A380.html. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  64. ^ "Korean Air expands A380 aircraft order". Airbus. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/08_02_19_a380_korean_air.html. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  65. ^ "Airbus stumbles as it tries to transition from A380 Wave 1 to Wave 2 design". Flight International. 19 May 2008. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2008/05/19/223748/airbus-stumbles-as-it-tries-to-transition-from-a380-wave-1-to-wave-2.html. Retrieved 26 May 2008. 
  66. ^ "A380 production ramp-up revisited". Airbus. 13 May 2008. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/08_05_13_A380_ramp_up_revisited.html. Retrieved 13 May 2008. 
  67. ^ "Airbus Expects Sharp Order Drop In 2009". Aviation Week and Space Technology. 15 January 2009. http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/generic/story_channel.jsp?channel=comm&id=news/LOW011509.xml&headline=Airbus%20Expects%20Sharp%20Order%20Drop%20In%202009. Retrieved 20 January 2009. 
  68. ^ Rothman, Andrea."Airbus Fell Short with 10 A380s in 2009". Business Week, 30 December 2009.
  69. ^ a b "First A380 Flight on 25–26 October". Singapore Airlines. 16 August 2007. http://www.a380.singaporeair.com/content/news/newsrelease/20070816/index.html. Retrieved 16 August 2007. 
  70. ^ "A380 superjumbo lands in Sydney". BBC. 25 October 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7061164.stm. Retrieved 22 October 2008. 
  71. ^ "SIA's Chew: A380 pleases, Virgin Atlantic disappoints". ATW Online. 13 December 2007. http://www.atwonline.com/news/story.html?storyID=11132. Retrieved 13 December 2007. 
  72. ^ "Emirates A380 arrives in New York!". 3 August 2008. http://www.gadling.com/2008/08/03/emirates-a380-arrives-in-new-york/. Retrieved 3 August 2008. 
  73. ^ a b "Emirates A380 Lands At New York's JFK". 1 August 2008. http://news.airwise.com/story/view/1217629915.html. Retrieved 5 August 2008. 
  74. ^ a b "Qantas A380 arrives in LA after maiden flight". The Age. 21 October 2008. http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2008/10/21/1224351190665.html. Retrieved 22 October 2008. 
  75. ^ "Airbus narrowly meets delivery target of 12 A380s in 2008". Flight International. 30 December 2008. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2008/12/30/320564/airbus-narrowly-meets-delivery-target-of-12-a380s-in.html. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  76. ^ "Singapore Airlines celebrates its first millionth A380 passenger". WebWire. 19 February 2009. http://www.webwire.com/ViewPressRel.asp?aId=87805. 
  77. ^ "Airbus A380: Mehr als 1,5 Millionen Passagiere". FlugRevue. 11 May 2009. http://www.flugrevue.de/de/zivilluftfahrt/fluggeraete/airbus-a380-mehr-als-15-millionen-passagiere.10409.htm. 
  78. ^ Michaels, Danial (30 October 2009). "Strong Euro Weighs on Airbus, Suppliers". Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704317704574503291415066898.html?mod=googlenews_wsj. 
  79. ^ "Air France set to get Europe's first A380 superjumbo". MSN News. 30 October 2009. http://news.ph.msn.com/business/article.aspx?cp-documentid=3678311. 
  80. ^ "Airbus A380 Cabin". Airbus. http://www.airbus.com/en/aircraftfamilies/passenger_comfort.html. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  81. ^ Martin, Mike (18 June 2007). "Honey, I shrunk the A380!". Flight International. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2007/06/18/214759/honey-i-shrunk-the-a380.html. Retrieved 17 September 2007. 
  82. ^ a b c d "A380 Specifications". Airbus. http://www.airbus.com/en/aircraftfamilies/a380/a380/specifications/. Retrieved 18 June 2009. 
  83. ^ "The triple-deck cargo hauler". Airbus. http://www.airbus.com/en/aircraftfamilies/a380/freight.html. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  84. ^ Bray, Rob (June 2007). "Supersize Wings". Ingenia. http://www.ingenia.org.uk/ingenia/articles.aspx?Index=436. 
  85. ^ Pang, Damon (4 September 2007). "A380 superjumbo gives thrilling morning air show". The Standard. http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=11&art_id=52746&sid=15211541&con_type=3. 
  86. ^ "Airbus undertakes Blended-Winglet evaluation on A320". Airbus. 17 December 2008. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/08_12_17_a320_blended_winglet.html. 
  87. ^ "Cockpit". Lufthansa. http://a380.lufthansa.com/en/html/technik/piloten/index.php. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  88. ^ a b O’Connell, Dominic. "Flying the Airbus giant of the skies". London: The Times. http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/industry_sectors/engineering/article696340.ece. Retrieved 26 March 2006. 
  89. ^ "Barco extends its success in the civil avionics market with new Airbus deal". Barco. http://www.barco.com/en/pressrelease/1509/. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  90. ^ a b "A380 flight deck". Airbus S.A.S. http://www.airbus.com/en/aircraftfamilies/a380/flight_deck.html. Retrieved 16 September 2006. 
  91. ^ "Flash-based view of A380's cockpit". gillesvidal.com. http://www.gillesvidal.com/blogpano/cockpit1.htm. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  92. ^ "Trent 900 engine". Rolls-Royce. http://www.rolls-royce.com/civil_aerospace/products/airlines/trent900/default.jsp. Retrieved 16 September 2006. 
  93. ^ "GP7200 engine features". Engine Alliance. http://www.enginealliance.com/gpfeat.html. Retrieved 16 September 2006. 
  94. ^ a b "More on A380 Special Conditions". Air Safety Week. 2 June 2005. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0UBT/is_2005_May_2/ai_n13829246?tag=content;col1. 
  95. ^ "Environment". Lufthansa. http://a380.lufthansa.com/en/html/technik/umwelt/index.php. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  96. ^ "A380 Family". Airbus. http://www.airbus.com/en/aircraftfamilies/a380/index2.html. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  97. ^ National Air Traffic Services (2003-02) (PDF). Review of the Quota Count (QC) System used for Administering the Night Noise Quotaa at Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted Airports. Archived from the original on 17 July 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070717034806/http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/aviation/environmentalissues/coll_nightnoisequotasatheathrowg/nightnoisequotasprintversion. Retrieved 15 September 2009. 
  98. ^ Dunn, Graham (1 February 2008). "Airbus conducts A380 alternative-fuel demonstration flight". Flight International. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2008/02/01/221245/pictures-airbus-conducts-a380-alternative-fuel-demonstration-flight.html. Retrieved 1 February 2008. 
  99. ^ Lalor, Dan (1 February 2008). "A380 makes test flight on alternative fuel". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/environmentNews/idUSL0120071420080202?rpc=64. Retrieved 1 February 2008. 
  100. ^ Marks, Paul (29 June 2005). "Aviation – The shape of wings to come". New Scientist. http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn7552-aviation--the-shape-of-wings-to-come.html?full=true. "More than 20% of the A380 is made of lightweight-but-strong composite materials, mainly carbon-fibre-reinforced plastic" 
  101. ^ Roberts, Tony (1 February 2007). "Rapid growth forecast for carbon fibre market". Reinforced Plastics. http://www.reinforcedplastics.com/view/1110/rapid-growth-forecast-for-carbon-fibre-market/. 
  102. ^ Marsh, George (11 October 2002). "Composites strengthen aerospace hold". Science Direct. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VMX-46YVCT4-C&_user=10&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStrId=1066807432&_rerunOrigin=google&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=82ca63a85d7262dd1e028e1a8ba4c244. 
  103. ^ "How to make an elephant fly". Scenta. 31 July 2007. http://www.scenta.co.uk/travel/technology/cit/1700616/how-to-make-an-elephant-fly.htm. 
  104. ^ "Thermoplastic composites gain leading edge on the A380". Composites World. 3 January 2006. http://www.compositesworld.com/articles/thermoplastic-composites-gain-leading-edge-on-the-a380.aspx. 
  105. ^ "Reducing A380 weight: GLARE is key". Airline Business. 20 May 2003. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/article-1G1-102347989/reducing-a380-weight-glare.html. 
  106. ^ Rothman, Andrea (17 July 2004). "Airbus' 'big baby' is too big". Seattle PI. http://www.seattlepi.com/business/182471_airbusproblem17.html. 
  107. ^ "Airbus A380 Superjumbo". Aerospace-Technology.com. http://www.aerospace-technology.com/projects/a380/. Retrieved 26 September 2006. 
  108. ^ Rötzer, Isolde (1 January 2005). "Laser Beam Welding" (PDF). Fraunhofer Society Material and Beam Technology — IWS, Dresden, Germany. http://www.fraunhofer.de/fhg/Images/magazine1-2005-36f_tcm6-14041.pdf. Retrieved 14 May 2007. 
  109. ^ "Integrated Modular Avionics: Less is More". Aviation Today. 1 February 2007. http://www.aviationtoday.com/av/categories/commercial/8420.html. "Some believe the IMA concept originated in the United States with the new F-22 and F-35 fighters and then migrated to the commercial jetliner arena. Others say the modular avionics concept, with less integration, has been used in business jets and regional airliners since the late 1980s or early 90s" 
  110. ^ "Rafale". Dassault Aviation. 12 June 2005. http://www.dassault-aviation.com/fileadmin/user_upload/redacteur/presse/Backgrounders/RAFALE_EN.doc. 
  111. ^ "Secure OS gets highest NSA Rating, goes commercial". DarkReading. http://www.darkreading.com/security/app-security/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=212100421. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  112. ^ "Networking". Lufthansa. http://a380.lufthansa.com/en/html/technik/rechenzentrum/index.php. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  113. ^ a b Adams, Charlotte (1 July 2002). "Test cards for the Airbus A380". Aviation Today. http://www.aviationtoday.com/av/categories/commercial/12760.html. Retrieved 16 October 2007. 
  114. ^ "A350 cockpit borrows A380 innovations". Air Transport Briefing. 6 March 2006. http://www.alacrastore.com/storecontent/Business-and-Industry/144565420. 
  115. ^ "Lufthansa Systems database plots route to the paperless cockpit". Flight International. 5 October 2004. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/article-1G1-123126205/air-transport-david-learmount.html. 
  116. ^ "Advances in more-electric aircraft technologies". Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology (Emerald Group) 73 (3). 2001. 
  117. ^ a b Adams, Charlotte (1 October 2001). "A380: ‘more electric’ aircraft". Aviation Today. http://www.aviationtoday.com/cgi/av/show_mag.cgi?pub=av&mon=1001&file=1001a380.htm. Retrieved 26 September 2006. 
  118. ^ Henry, P.J.. "A380 pushes 5000 psi into realm of the common man". Hydraulics & Pneumatics Magazine. http://www.fpweb.com/200/Issue/Article/False/6497/Issue. Retrieved 27 October 2009. 
  119. ^ a b Wiebusch, Bruce (8 September 2002). "High pressure, low weight". Design News. http://www.designnews.com/article/65-High_pressure_low_weight.php. 
  120. ^ "Eaton wins hydraulic system contract for A380, $200 million potential for U.S. company". Business Wire. 10 October 2001. http://www.allbusiness.com/defense-aerospace/aerospace-industry-aerospace/6129649-1.html. 
  121. ^ "Hydraulic services contract for Airbus A380 wing jigs". Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology (Emerald Group) 76 (2). 2004. 
  122. ^ "Innovative Variable Frequency Power". Goodrich. http://www.goodrich.com/portal/site/grcom?GUID=19187d816707b110VgnVCM10000068f57eaaRCRD. Retrieved 27 October 2009. 
  123. ^ Adams, Charlotte (1 October 2001). "A380: 'More Electric' Aircraft". Avionics Magazine. http://www.aviationtoday.com/av/issue/feature/A380-More-Electric-Aircraft_12874.html. 
  124. ^ "Cabin Interior, Mood Lightning". Diehl Aerospace, Germany. http://www.diehl-aerospace.de/index.php?id=1402&L=1. Retrieved 14 May 2007. 
  125. ^ "Designed for increased operational performance". Honeywell. http://www51.honeywell.com/aero/common/documents/myaerospacecatalog-documents/ATR_Brochures-documents/A380_Carbenix_A4.pdf. Retrieved 28 October 2009. "Stopping performance eliminates requirements for 2 thrust reversers" 
  126. ^ "Airbus ponders A380 thrust reverser options". Flight International. 3 April 2001. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/article-1G1-73860742/airbus-ponders-a380-thrust.html. 
  127. ^ "Innovative Honeywell helps to curb A380 weight". Flight International. 15 June 2005. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2005/06/15/199552/innovative-honeywell-helps-to-curb-a380-weight.html. "Some systems, like the electromagnetic thrust reversers are a first for a commercial aircraft" 
  128. ^ "Inside the A380". ArabianBusiness.com. http://www.arabianbusiness.com/498380-billion-dollar-baby. Retrieved 28 October 2007. 
  129. ^ "Global Aircraft - Airbus A380". http://www.globalaircraft.org/planes/airbus_a380.pl. Retrieved 19 June 2009. 
  130. ^ "Onboard the Airbus A380". Fodors. http://www.fodors.com/news/story_2432.html. Retrieved 28 October 2007. 
  131. ^ "Singapore Airlines A380 - Comfort, space and luxury". Singapore Airlines. http://www.a380.singaporeair.com/content/news/newsrelease/20071015_cabin/index.html. Retrieved 28 October 2007. 
  132. ^ "747-400 Cross Sections". Boeing. http://www.boeing.com/commercial/747family/pf/pf_cross_section.html. Retrieved 19 June 2008. 
  133. ^ "Fascinating figures about the A380". Airbus. http://events.airbus.com/a380/seeing/learnandplay/figures1.asp. Retrieved 1 August 2008. 
  134. ^ "Emirates A380s to Establish New Airliner Seat Record". Aviation. 7 June 2008. http://www.aviation.com/business/070608_recordseatsa380.html. 
  135. ^ Buckland, Rob (23 October 2009). "Recession causes turbulence for Airbus A380 sales". Bristol 24-7. http://www.bristol247.com/2009/10/23/recession-causes-turbulence-for-airbus-a380-sales/. 
  136. ^ "Comparing Airlines' Airbus A380s". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/travel/la-tr-a380-pg,0,4538781.photogallery. Retrieved November 30, 2009. 
  137. ^ "Airbus Cabin Showroom". Airbus. http://www.airbus.com/cabin-showroom/preview/index.jsp?article=0. Retrieved 14 May 2007. 
  138. ^ "Virgin eyes gyms, casino, double beds on A380 jet". China Daily. 18 January 2005. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2005-01/18/content_410113.htm. 
  139. ^ James, Barry (2 March 2001). "Could the A380 Become Tomorrow's 'Cruise Ship of the Sky'?: A Peek at the Airbus Giant". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/02/style/02iht-trair.2.t.html. 
  140. ^ "Singapore Airlines Suites Seat Features". Singapore Airlines. http://www.singaporeair.com/saa/en_UK/content/exp/new/suite/seatfeatures.jsp. Retrieved 19 February 2009. 
  141. ^ "Seat Map Singapore Airlines Airbus A380". Seat Guru. http://www.seatguru.com/airlines/Singapore_Air/Singapore_Air_Airbus_A380.php. Retrieved 19 February 2009. 
  142. ^ "Singapore Airlines A380". Singapore Airlines. Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071017050628/http://a380.singaporeair.com/content/news/newsrelease/20071015_suite/index.html. Retrieved 28 October 2007. 
  143. ^ "Qantas and the A380". Qantas. http://www.qantas.com.au/info/about/company/A380. Retrieved 15 December 2007. 
  144. ^ Warburton, Simon (30 July 2009). "A first look inside Emirates' A380s". London: The Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/travel/business/article4430701.ece. 
  145. ^ "The Emirates A380: First Class". Emirates. http://www.emirates.com/us/english/flying/our_fleet/emirates_a380/first_class/private_suites.aspx. Retrieved 23 October 2009. 
  146. ^ "Showers, Bars, Lounge - the Emirates Airbus A380 has them all". Asia Travel Tips. 30 July 2008. http://www.asiatraveltips.com/news08/307-EmiratesAirbusA380.shtml. 
  147. ^ Rothman, Andrea (30 October 2009). "Airbus A380’s bar, flatbeds, showers irk Engineers". Bloomberg. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601102&sid=aSbA8LrQ5ndU. 
  148. ^ Milstein, Michael. "Superduperjumbo Double the size of an Airbus A380? No problem, aerodynamicists say.". Air & Space Magazine. http://www.airspacemag.com/flight-today/Superduperjumbo.html?c=y&page=2. Retrieved 25 October 2008. 
  149. ^ a b c "A380 Airplane Characteristics Rev: 2008-01-31" (PDF). Airbus. 3 January 2008. http://www.content.airbusworld.com/SITES/Technical_Data/docs/AC/DATA_CONSULT/AC_A380.pdf. Retrieved 30 April 2007. 
  150. ^ Harrison, Michael (24 June 2000). "Airbus opens its books for the world's biggest jumbo. But is it a plane too far?". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/analysis-and-features/airbus-opens-its-books-for-the-worlds-biggest-jumbo-but-is-it-a-plane-too-far-713236.html. 
  151. ^ "Minimum Requirements to Widen Existing 150-Foot Wide Runways for Airbus A380 Operations" (PDF). FAA. 13 February 2004. http://www.faa.gov/airports/engineering/engineering_briefs/media/EB_65a.pdf. Retrieved 18 September 2009. 
  152. ^ "Use of non-standard 75-foot-wide straight taxiway sections for Airbus 380 taxiing operations" (PDF). FAA. April 2006. http://www.faa.gov/airports/engineering/engineering_briefs/media/EB_63a.pdf. Retrieved 24 September 2006. 
  153. ^ "Airbus A380 approved to operate on 45 m runways". Airbus. 31 July 2007. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/07_07_31_a380_approved_45m_runways.html. Retrieved 1 October 2007. 
  154. ^ a b Arnoult, Sandra. "Airports Prepare for the A380". Airport Equipment & Technology. http://www.atwonline.com/channels/routesAirports/article.html?articleID=1187. Retrieved 25 October 2008. 
  155. ^ "777 Family". Boeing. http://www.boeing.com/commercial/777family/pf/pf_background.html. Retrieved 2 September 2007. 
  156. ^ Dupont, Willy-Pierre. "A380 - A solution for airports" (PDF). Airbus. http://www.content.airbusworld.com/SITES/Customer_services/html/acrobat/fast_33_p7_16solution.pdf. Retrieved 19 May 2007. 
  157. ^ "Catering". Lufthansa. http://a380.lufthansa.com/en/html/logistik/catering/index.php. Retrieved 25 October 2008. 
  158. ^ "Aircraft movements". Lufthansa. http://a380.lufthansa.com/en/html/logistik/pushback/index.php. Retrieved 25 October 2008. 
  159. ^ Helms, Ina. "Boarding please – aber ein bisschen flott!". Innovate!. http://www.innovate-magazin.de/beitrag_2052431.html. Retrieved 25 October 2008. 
  160. ^ "Successful landing – the A380 in Frankfurt". Lufthansa. 29 October 2005. http://a380.lufthansa.com/en/html/presse/n051029/index.php. 
  161. ^ "Airbus A380 wake turbulence may double safe distance between planes". Forbes. 22 November 2005. http://www.forbes.com/feeds/afx/2005/11/22/afx2349760.html. 
  162. ^ "A380 wake tests prompt call to reassess all large aircraft". Flight International. 29 November 2005. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/article-1G1-140059608/a380-wake-tests-prompt.html. 
  163. ^ "Airbus A380 wake vortex study completed". Airbus S.A.S.. 28 September 2006. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/06_09_28_vortex_study.html. Retrieved 30 September 2006. 
  164. ^ "A380 wake vortex study provides some good news for Airbus". ATW. 29 September 2006. http://atwonline.com/news/story.html?storyID=6600. 
  165. ^ "Airbus A380 vortex-revised guidance material" (PDF). ICAO. 16 January 2007. http://www.icao.int/icao/en/ro/apac/2007/FIT_SEA5/ip05.pdf. Retrieved 9 November 2007. 
  166. ^ "New guidelines show shorter A380 separation distances". Flight International. 22 August 2008. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2008/08/22/315062/new-guidelines-show-shorter-a380-separation-distances.html. Retrieved 6 September 2008. 
  167. ^ "Boeing Launches New 747-8 Family". Boeing. November 14, 2005. http://www.boeing.com/news/releases/2005/q4/nr_051114h.html. 
  168. ^ "British Airways and Emirates will be first for new longer-range A380". Flight International. 14 May 2009. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2009/05/14/326544/british-airways-and-emirates-will-be-first-for-new-longer-range.html. 
  169. ^ "Der Riesenvogel wird noch größer". sueddeutsche.de. 16 November 2007. http://www.sueddeutsche.de/,ra3l1/wirtschaft/artikel/585/143267/.  (German)
  170. ^ Rothman, Andrea (15 November 2007). "Europe - Airbus plans 900-Seat Superjumbo; Emirates would buy". Bloomberg. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601085&sid=aFDn7WN3Sybc&refer=europe. 
  171. ^ "Branson favors planned Airbus 900-seat A380". Seattle Times. 21 February 2004. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/businesstechnology/2004022126_airbus19.html. 
  172. ^ Rigby, Bill (30 October 2007). "Interview-Cathay Pacific to wait on next-generation planes". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/tnBasicIndustries-SP/idUSN3022007420071030?sp=true. 
  173. ^ "Airbus to extend A380 to accommodate 1,000 passengers". India Times. 29 August 2008. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Airbus_to_extend_A380_to_seat_1000_passengers/articleshow/3419071.cms. 
  174. ^ "Kingfisher defers delivery to wait for A380-900". ATW Daily News. 6 February 2009. http://atwonline.com/news/other.html?issueDate=2%2F6%2F2009. 
  175. ^ "A stretch version of the A380? It's in the plans". Seattle PI. 25 October 2007. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/business/336610_a380bigger24.html. 
  176. ^ "Airbus A380 - 3rd part". Airways.cz. 5 February 2003. http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=cs&u=http://www.airways.cz/clanek/2003-02-05/airbus-a380-3-dil&ei=V_egS4KFKYeN_Ab9jYTEDQ&sa=X&oi=translate&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CAsQ7gEwAA&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dhttp://www.airways.cz/clanek/2003-02-05/airbus-a380-3-dil%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DG. 
  177. ^ "Airbus to extend A380 to accommodate 1,000 passengers". India Times. 29 August 2008. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Airbus_to_extend_A380_to_seat_1000_passengers/articleshow/3419071.cms. 
  178. ^ "Flying by Nature Airbus Global Market Forecast 2007-2026" (PDF). Airbus S.A.S.. 31 January 2008. http://www.airbus.com/fileadmin/documents/gmf/PDF_dl/00-all-gmf_2007.pdf. Retrieved 14 March 2008. 
  179. ^ "Boeing Current Market Outlook 2007" (PDF). Boeing Commercial Airplanes. 20 November 2007. http://www.boeing.com/commercial/cmo/pdf/Boeing_Current_Market_Outlook_2007.pdf. Retrieved 14 March 2008. 
  180. ^ Pae, Peter (18 January 2009). "Airbus could build next Air Force One; 747 due to be replaced". Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/boeingaerospace/2008641936_airforceone18.html. 
  181. ^ "US considers Airbus A380 as Air Force One and potentially a C-5 replacement". Flight International. 17 October 2007. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2007/10/17/218681/exclusive-us-considers-airbus-a380-as-air-force-one-and-potentially-a-c-5-replacement.html. 
  182. ^ "EADS waves off bid for Air Force One replacement". Flight International. January 28, 2009. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2009/01/28/321709/eads-waves-off-bid-for-air-force-one-replacement.html. 
  183. ^ Snodgrass, James (6 January 2009). "Luxury living at 35,000 ft". CNN. http://edition.cnn.com/2007/TECH/07/06/luxury.a380/. 
  184. ^ "Orders and deliveries download table". Airbus. 15 January 2009. http://www.airbus.com/en/corporate/orders_and_deliveries. Retrieved 9 December 2008. 
  185. ^ "Korean Air orders two more A380s". Airbus. 3 February 2009. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/09_02_03_a380_korean_air.html. 
  186. ^ "Airbus cuts A380 production rates again". Flight International. 6 May 2009. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2009/05/06/326096/airbus-cuts-a380-production-rates-again.html. Retrieved 7 May 2009. 
  187. ^ "Airbus names A380 delivery centre in Hamburg after Jürgen Thomas". Airbus. 4 July 2008. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/08_07_04_a380_delivery_centre_hamburg.html. Retrieved 13 October 2009. 
  188. ^ "Airbus O&D 1974-2007". Airbus S.A.S. 4 March 2008. http://www.airbus.com/store/mm_repository/pdf/att00011494/media_object_file_Historical_OD_74_07.xls. 
  189. ^ "A380 production list - Airbus". 18 January 2010. http://plane.spottingworld.com/A380_production_list. 
  190. ^ a b "Emirates Airline takes delivery of Airbus' 6,000th aircraft". Airbus. 18 January 2010. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/10_01_18_6000th_delivery.html. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  191. ^ "Air France gets Europe's first A380 superjumbo". AFP. 30 October 2009. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gWhgSgTkXkGtutmcjLCIxdKwfDow. 
  192. ^ a b "Interim Aerodrome requirements for the A380" (PDF). Civil Aviation Authority. 4 November 2004. http://www.caa.govt.nz/aerodromes/A380paper.pdf. 
  193. ^ "Airbus specifications" (PDF). http://www.content.airbusworld.com/SITES/Technical_Data/docs/AC/DATA_CONSULT/AC_A380.pdf. 
  194. ^ "Airbus A380-800F Wide-Bodied Freighter". http://www.aerospace-technology.com/projects/airbus_a380/. 
  195. ^ "A380 powers on through flight-test". Flight International. 20 December 2005. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2005/12/20/203708/a380-powers-on-through-flight-test.html. 
  196. ^ "Exemption No. 8695". Renton, Washington: Federal Aviation Authority. 24 March 2006. http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgEX.nsf/0/9929ce16709cad0f8625713f00551e74/$FILE/8695.doc. 
  197. ^ "GP7200 series specification". Engine Alliance. http://www.enginealliance.com/gpspec.html. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 
  198. ^ "Trent 900 fact sheet". Rolls-Royce. http://www.rolls-royce.com/Images/brochure_Trent900_tcm92-11346.pdf. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 

Bibliography

External links


Simple English

Redirecting to Airbus A380


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 11, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Airbus A380, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message