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AGM-12 Bullpup: Wikis


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AGM-12 Bullpup
AGM-12D Bullpup B Missile at the Air Force Armament Museum
Type Air to ground command guided missile
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service ASM-N-7 1959 - 1970s

ASM-N-7A/AGM-12B 1965 - 1970s

Used by United States, Australia, Denmark, Greece, Israel, Norway, China, Turkey, United Kingdom
Wars Korean War, Vietnam War
Production history
Manufacturer Lockheed Martin, W.L. Maxson
Produced 1959 - 1970
Number built 22,100 (total)

4,600 (AGM-12C)
840 (AGM-12E)

Variants ASM-N-7, ASM-N-7A/AGM-12B, AGM-12C, GAM-83B/AGM-12D, AGM-12E
Weight 1,785 pounds (810 kg) (AGM-12C)
Length 13.6 feet (4.1 m)
Diameter 18 inches (460 mm)

Warhead Conventional high-explosive (ASM-N-7, ASM-N-7A/AGM-12B)

Semi armor piercing (AGM-12C)
Nuclear (GAM-83B/AGM-12D)
Cluster munition (AGM-12E)

Warhead weight 250 pounds (110 kg) (ASM-N-7A/AGM-12B)

970 pounds (440 kg) (AGM-12C)

Engine Rocket
30,000 pounds-force (130 kN)
Wingspan 48 inches (1.2 m)
Propellant Storable, liquid-fuel
10 nautical miles (12 mi; 19 km)
Speed approx. Mach 1.8
Line-of-sight radio command
FJ-4B, A-4D, F-4, F-105, Draken

The AGM-12 Bullpup is an air-to-ground missile which was used on the A-4 Skyhawk, A-6 Intruder and F-4 Phantom among others. It has been superseded by more advanced armaments, notably the AGM-62 Walleye and AGM-65 Maverick.



The Bullpup was the first mass-produced air-surface command guided missile, first deployed by the United States Navy in 1959 as the ASM-N-7 until it was redesignated AGM-12B in 1962. It was developed as a result of experiences in the Korean War where US airpower had great difficulty in destroying targets which required precise aiming and were often heavily defended, such as bridges.


The Bullpup was roll-stabilized and visually guided by the pilot or weapons operator using a flare on the back of the missile to track the weapon in flight while using a control joystick to steer it toward the target using radio signals. It was initially powered by a solid fuel rocket motor, and carried a 250 lb (110 kg) warhead.


Later versions of the missile included upgrades such as a larger 1000 lb (450 kg) warhead, improved rocket motors, and improved guidance, and in one late version, the ability to carry a nuclear warhead.

The weapon was phased out of US service in the 1970s but was still used by other countries much later. Some militaries currently still use some as inert practice weapons.



Below is a list of museums which have a Bullpup missile in their collection:

See also

  • Kh-23 (AS-7 'Kerry') - a Soviet command-guided missile inspired by the Bullpup
  • AS-20 - similar French missile developed in the late 1950s
  • AJ 168 Martel missile - contemporary Anglo-French missile with TV guidance
  • Martin Pescador MP-1000 - an Argentinian guided missile with similar guidance system

Related lists


External links



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