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AGM-142 Have Nap
Popey missile.jpg
The AGM-142 Have Nap "Popeye"
Type Air-to-surface missile
Place of origin United States


Service history
In service 1985- present
Used by See Users
Production history
Manufacturer Rafael & Lockheed Martin & Turkish Aerospace Industries
Weight 1,360 kg (3,000 lb)
Length 4.82 m (15 ft 10 in)
Diameter 533 mm (21 in)

Warhead 340 kg (750 lb) blast fragmentation or 360 kg (800 lb) I-800 penetrating

Engine Single stage Solid-fuel rocket
Wingspan 152 cm (60 in)
78 km (48 miles)
Inertial plus IIR or TV
Fixed-wing platforms

The AGM-142 Have Nap is an air to ground missile developed in Israel, with further adaptations made by the United States.



The AGM-142 Have Nap is a development of the Israeli Popeye missile, it is a joint project between Lockheed Martin and the Israeli company Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. The weapon is designed for precision attack against large targets from stand off ranges. The missile is powered by a single stage solid rocket. An inertial guidance system pilots the missile towards the target; for terminal homing the pilot can control the missile directly via an INS and data link, aiming via either a television or imaging infrared seeker depending on the missile model. It is not necessary for the launching aircraft to direct the missile - control can be passed to another platform whilst the firing aircraft escapes the area. There are two choices of warhead, a 340 kg (750 lb) blast/fragmentation or 360 kg (800 lb) penetrator.


The AGM-142 is compatible with a variety of aircraft. In US use, the AGM-142 is intended primarily to equip the B-52H, allowing it to attack fixed targets of high value at sufficient range to provide protection from defences. The missile represented the first precision guided munition to be carried by the B-52H.

Have Nap was available during the Operation Desert Storm, but was not used. There was some speculation that the political considerations of using an Israeli-designed missile against an Arab country prevented the deployment of the missile.

Since their inception, the missiles have gone through a variety of improvement programs designed to increase reliability and reduce costs. These efforts have included changes in the materials and manufacturing processes of the wings, fins and rocket motor, new components in the inertial guidance unit, an upgraded processor, and an improved imaging infrared seeker.


In addition to its use by the Israeli Air Force since 1985, the United States Air Force first bought a batch of 154 missiles in 1989 followed by a second batch of 54 missiles in 1996.

The Royal Australian Air Force has also purchased a number of AGM-142 missiles in the late 1990s for use by the RAAF's F-111 bombers. Due to the greater-than-expected difficulty of integrating the missile with the F-111, it is not expected to attain Initial Operation Capability (IOC) with the RAAF prior to 2006.[1]

Currently, the Turkish Air Force's F-4 2020 Terminator aircraft (which were extensively upgraded by IAI) and the TuAF F-16 CCIP are armed with a Turkish Licence production version of the AGM-142 Popeye/Have Nap.

Rafael and Turkey Co-production

In May 1997, Israel and Turkey signed an agreement valued in excess of US $500 million for the establishment of a joint-venture between Israel's Rafael and Turkey's Turkish Aerospace Industries for the co-production of Popeye I and Popeye II missiles in Turkey[2] [3].



A USAF B-52H loaded with the AGM-142.
  • Weight : 1,360 kg (3,000 lb)
  • Length : 4.82 m (15 ft 10 in)
  • Diameter : 533 mm (21 in)
  • Wing Span : 1.98 m (78 in)
  • Guidance : Inertial plus IIR or TV
  • Engine : Single stage solid rocket
  • Range : 78 km (48 miles)
  • Warhead : 340 kg (750 lb) blast fragmentation or 360 kg (800 lb) I-800 penetrating


  • Have Lite (also known as Popeye II or Popeye Lite) - this is a reduced size (shortened to 424 cm/167 in) and weight version (weight is now 1125 kg/2500 lb) of the AGM-142 to give light aircraft such as the F-16 Fighting Falcons a precision standoff strike capability.
  • Popeye Turbo - a stretched version developed for use as a submarine launched cruise missile (SLCM), it is approx 6.25 m (20.5 ft) long and is reported to have a range of more than 320 km (200 miles).


External links

See also

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