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AM-4030
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(6S,6aR,9R,10aR)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6-((E)-3-

hydroxyprop-1-enyl)-6-methyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)- 6a,7,8,9,10,10a-hexahydrobenzo[c]chromen-1-ol

Identifiers
CAS number  ?
ATC code  ?
PubChem 10550598
Chemical data
Formula C 27H42O4  
Mol. mass 430.618 g/mol
SMILES eMolecules & PubChem
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability  ?
Metabolism  ?
Half life  ?
Excretion  ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.  ?
Legal status
Routes  ?

AM-4030 is an analgesic drug which is a cannabinoid agonist. It is a derivative of HU-210 which has been substituted with a 6β-((E)-3-hydroxyprop-1-enyl) group. This adds a "southern" aliphatic hydroxyl group to the molecule as seen in the CP- series of nonclassical cannabinoid drugs, and so AM-4030 represents a hybrid structure between the classical and nonclassical cannabinoid families,[1] with the 6-hydroxyalkyl chain rigidified with a double bond with defined stereochemistry. This gives AM-4030 a greater degree of selectivity, so while it is still a potent agonist at both CB1 and CB2, it is reasonably selective for CB1, with a Ki of 0.7nM at CB1 vs 8.6nM at CB2, a selectivity of around 12x.[2][3] Resolution of the enantiomers of AM-4030 yields an even more potent compound, although with less selectivity, with the (-) enantiomer AM-4030a having a Ki of 0.6nM at CB1 and 1.1nM at CB2.[4]

References

  1. ^ Roger Pertwee. Cannabinoids. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology Volume 168, p 269. Springer. ISBN 3-540-22565-X
  2. ^ Tius MA, Hill WA, Zou XL, Busch-Petersen J, Kawakami JK, Fernandez-Garcia MC, Drake DJ, Abadji V, Makriyannis A. Classical/non-classical cannabinoid hybrids; stereochemical requirements for the southern hydroxyalkyl chain. Life Sciences. 1995;56(23-24):2007-12. PMID 7776825
  3. ^ Drake DJ, Jensen RS, Busch-Petersen J, Kawakami JK, Concepcion Fernandez-Garcia M, Fan P, Makriyannis A, Tius MA. Classical/nonclassical hybrid cannabinoids: southern aliphatic chain-functionalized C-6beta methyl, ethyl, and propyl analogues. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 1998 Sep 10;41(19):3596-608. PMID 9733485
  4. ^ Thakur GA, Palmer SL, Harrington PE, Stergiades IA, Tius MA, Makriyannis A. Enantiomeric resolution of a novel chiral cannabinoid receptor ligand. Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods. 2002 Dec 31;54(1-3):415-22. PMID 12543516
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