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The Associated Press (AP) Poll typically refers to a weekly ranking of the top 25 NCAA Division I college football and Division I college basketball teams, though other AP polls exist as well. The rankings are compiled by polling sportswriters across the nation. Each voter provides his own ranking of the top 25 teams, and the individual rankings are then combined to produce the national ranking by giving a team 25 points for a first place vote, 24 for a second place vote, and so on down to 1 point for a twenty-fifth place vote. Ballots of the voting members in the AP Poll are made public.

Contents

College football

The college football team who finishes #1 in the final AP Poll of the season receives the AP National Championship Trophy.

The AP college football poll has a long history. The news media began running their own polls of sports writers to determine who was, by popular opinion, the best football team in the country at the end of the season. One of the earliest such polls was the AP College Football Poll, first run in 1934[1] (compiled and organized by Charles Woodroof, former SEC Assistant Director of Media Relations) and then continuously from 1936.[2] Due to the long-standing historical ties between individual college football conferences and high-paying bowl games like the Rose Bowl and Orange Bowl, the NCAA has never held a tournament or championship game to determine the champion of what is now the highest division, NCAA Division I, Football Bowl Subdivision (the Division I, Football Championship Subdivision and lower divisions do hold championship tournaments). As a result, the public and the media began to take the leading vote-getter in the final AP Poll as the national champion for that season.

While the AP Poll currently lists the Top 25 teams in the nation, from 1936 to 1961 the wire service only ranked 20 teams. And from 1962 to 1967 only 10 teams were recognized. From 1968 to 1988, the AP again resumed its Top 20 before expanding to 25 teams in 1989.

Until 1968 college football season, the final AP poll of the season was released following the end of the regular season, with the exception of the 1965 season. In 1964, Alabama was named the national champion in the final AP Poll following the completion of the regular season, but lost in the Orange Bowl to Texas, leaving Arkansas as the only undefeated, untied team after the Razorbacks defeated Nebraska in the Cotton Bowl Classic. In 1965, the AP's decision to wait to crown its champion paid handsomely, as top-ranked Michigan State lost to UCLA in the Rose Bowl, number two Arkansas lost to LSU in the Cotton Bowl Classic, and fourth-ranked Alabama defeated third-ranked Nebraska in the Orange Bowl, vaulting the Crimson Tide to the top of the AP's final poll (Michigan State was named national champion in the final United Press International poll of coaches, which did not conduct a post-bowl poll).

At the end of the 1947 season when the AP released an unofficial post-bowl poll which differed from the regular season final poll.[3] The AP national championship was awarded before bowl games were played.

Beginning in the 1968 season, a post bowl game poll was released and the AP championship reflected the bowl game results. The UPI did not follow suit with the coaches' poll until the 1974 season.

In 2007, the AP Top 25 poll witnessed the largest single drop of a ranked team. #5 ranked Michigan lost to Appalachian St. 34-32 on Sept. 4, 2007, dropping 21 spots and out of the Top 25. The Wolverines became the first ranked team from the Football Bowl Subdivision, previously known as Division I-A, to lose to a team from the Football Championship Subdivision, previously known as Division I-AA. As an additional result of this game, the AP poll decided to open up its poll and allow voters to vote for Division I-FCS in the poll if that team has played a Division I-FBS team.[4]

Before Michigan's fall, Notre Dame held the record for largest drop in the rankings in the Top 25-era. The Fighting Irish dropped 16 spots, from #9 to #25, after losing to Northwestern 17-15 on Sept. 3, 1995. The highest ranked team to fall from the poll after one loss was #2 Oklahoma in 1959, when the AP was ranking the top 20 teams. Later that season Army went from #4 to unranked. In 1950, Tennessee went from #4 to unranked in October and in 1960 Illinois fell out of the ranking from #4.

#1 vs. #2

As of the completion of the 2009 college football season, the number one ranked team has faced the number two ranked team 44 times since the inception of the AP Poll in 1936.[5] The number one team is 25-17-2 against the number two team.[5]

List of #1 vs #2 games:

Other media football polls

The AP Poll is not the only college football poll. The other major poll is the Coaches Poll, which has been sponsored by several organizations: the United Press (1950-1957), the United Press International (1958-1990), USA Today (1991-present), CNN (1991-1996), and ESPN (1997-2005). Having two major polls has led to numerous "split" national titles, where the two polls disagreed on the #1 team. This has occurred on eleven different occasions (1954, 1957, 1965, 1970, 1973, 1974, 1978, 1990, 1991, 1997, 2003).

ESPN also publishes a weekly Bottom 10 during the regular season, showcasing whom they believe to be the worst ten teams in college football.

AP Poll inclusion in the BCS

In 1997, the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was developed to try to unify the poll results by picking two teams for a "real" national championship game. For the first several years the AP Poll factored in the determination of the BCS rankings, along with other factors including the Coaches Poll and computer-based polls. Because of a series of controversies surrounding the BCS, the AP demanded in December, 2004, that its poll no longer be used in the BCS rankings[6], and so the 2004-2005 season was the last season that the AP Poll was used for this purpose.

In the 2003 season the BCS system broke down when the next-to-final BCS poll ranked the University of Southern California (USC) at #3 while the two human polls in the system had ranked USC at #1. As a result, USC did not play in the BCS' designated national championship game. After defeating another highly ranked team, Michigan, in its final game, the AP Poll kept USC at #1 while the Coaches Poll was contractually obligated to select the winner of the BCS game, Louisiana State University (LSU), as the #1 team. The resulting split national title was the very problem that the BCS was created to solve, and has been widely considered an embarrassment[7].

In 2004, a new controversy erupted at the end of the season when Auburn University and University of Utah, who both finished the regular season 12-0, were left out of the BCS title game in favor of Oklahoma who also was 12-0 and had won decisively over Colorado in the Big 12 Championship game. USC went on to a win easily over Oklahoma in the Orange Bowl while Auburn and Utah both won their bowl games, leaving three undefeated teams at the end of the season. Also, in that same year, Texas made up late ground on University of California, Berkeley (Cal) in the BCS standings and as a result grabbed a high-payout, at-large spot in the Rose Bowl. Previous to that poll, Cal had been ranked ahead of Texas in both human polls and the BCS poll. Going into their final game, the Golden Bears were made aware that while margin of victory did not affect computer rankings, it did affect human polls and just eight voters changing their vote could affect the final standings.[8] Both teams won their game that week, but the Texas Coach, Mack Brown, had made a public effort to lobby for his team to be moved higher in the ranking. When the human polls were released, Texas remained behind Cal, but it had closed the gap enough so that the BCS poll (which determines placement) placed Texas above Cal, angering both Cal and its conference, the Pac-10.[9] The final poll positions had been unchanged with Cal at #4 AP, #4 coaches, and #6 computers polls and Texas at #6 AP, #5 coaches, and #4 computer polls.[9] The AP Poll voters were caught in the middle because their vote changes were automatically made public, while the votes of the Coaches poll were kept confidential. Although there had been a more substantial shift in the votes of the Coaches Poll, the only clear targets for the ire of fanatical fans were the voters in the AP Poll. While officials from both Cal and the Pac-10 called for the coaches' votes to be made public, the overtures were turned down and did little to solve the problem of AP voters. Cal went on to lose to Texas Tech in the Holiday Bowl. Texas defeated Michigan in the Rose Bowl.

Many members of the press who voted in the AP Poll were upset by the fiasco and, at the behest of its members, the AP asked that its poll no longer be used in the BCS rankings. The 2004 season was the last season that the AP Poll was used in the BCS rankings, it was replaced in the BCS equation by the newly created Harris Interactive College Football Poll.[10]

Final AP football polls

College basketball

The AP began compiling a ranking of the top 20 college men's basketball teams during the 1948-1949 season. It has issued this poll continuously since the 1950-1951 season. The women's basketball poll began during the 1976-1977 season, and was initially published by the The Philadelphia Inquirer.

In Division I men's and women's college basketball, the AP Poll is largely just a tool to compare schools throughout the season and spark debate, as it has no bearing on postseason play. Generally, all top 25 teams in the poll are invited to the men's and women's NCAA basketball tournament, also known as March Madness. The poll is released every Monday.

List of voters

College football

2005-2006 season

The following lists the 65 members who voted in the 2005-2006 college football season AP Poll.[11]

2006-2007 season

The following 65 sportswriters and broadcasters vote in the AP Poll for college football for the 2006-2007 season. Their affiliate is listed after their name.[12]

2007-2008 season

The following 65 sportswriters and broadcasters vote in the AP Poll for college football for the 2007-2008 season. Their affiliate is listed after their name.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.appollarchive.com/football/ap/research/1934-11-15_poll.cfm
  2. ^ http://www.appollarchive.com/football/ap/seasons.cfm?seasonid=1936
  3. ^ The official final AP poll, taken before the bowls, had Notre Dame #1 (107 first place votes) and Michigan #2 (25 first place votes). Michigan won the Rose Bowl 49-0 over USC while Notre Dame did not play in a bowl game. Detroit Free Press sports editor Lyall Smith arranged a post-bowl AP poll with only Michigan or Notre Dame as choices. Michigan won that poll 266-119.Kyrk, John. Natural Enemies. pp. 142–7. ISBN 1589790901.  
  4. ^ D'Angelo, Tom (2007-09-07). "Upset opens up AP poll". PalmBeachPost.com. http://www.palmbeachpost.com/sports/content/sports/epaper/2007/09/07/a1c_poll_0907.html. Retrieved 2007-09-07.  
  5. ^ a b AP No. 1 vs. No. 2 games. Associated Press, August 13, 2008
  6. ^ AP Removes Its Poll From BCS, ncaasports.com, Dec. 22, 2004, Accessed June 6, 2006.
  7. ^ Tim Layden, Embarrassing moments in College Football (#10), SportsIllustrated.com, Aug. 2, 2006 , Accessed Aug. 2, 2006.
  8. ^ Kelly Whiteside = California bears burden of making point that it's BCS-worthy. USA TODAY, November 29, 2004
  9. ^ a b *"2004 BCS Standings, BCS Rankings" (.pdf). The National Football Foundation and College Hall of Fame, Inc.. http://www.collegefootballpoll.com/pdf/bcs_2004.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-14.  
  10. ^ BCS Replaces AP Poll, ncaasports.com, July 12, 2005, Accessed June 6, 2006.
  11. ^ Kevin Donahue (2005-08-20). "Who votes in the 2005 AP College Football Poll?". Fanblogs.com. http://www.fanblogs.com/ap_poll/005512.php. Retrieved 2006-11-15.  
  12. ^ AP College Poll Voters, AP.org, Accessed November 15, 2006.
  13. ^ AP (2006-11-15). "AP poll voter booted for mistaking Sooners win for loss". ESPN.com. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncf/news/story?id=2663882. Retrieved 2006-11-15.  
  14. ^ AP College Poll Voters, AP.org, Accessed September 4, 2007.

External links


The Associated Press (AP) Poll typically refers to a weekly ranking of the top 25 NCAA Division I college football and Division I college basketball teams, though other AP polls exist as well. The rankings are compiled by polling sportswriters across the nation. Each voter provides his own ranking of the top 25 teams, and the individual rankings are then combined to produce the national ranking by giving a team 25 points for a first place vote, 24 for a second place vote, and so on down to 1 point for a twenty-fifth place vote. Ballots of the voting members in the AP Poll are made public.

Contents

College football

team who finishes #1 in the final AP Poll of the season receives the AP National Championship Trophy.]]

The AP college football poll has a long history. The news media began running their own polls of sports writers to determine who was, by popular opinion, the best football team in the country at the end of the season. One of the earliest such polls was the AP College Football Poll, first run in 1934[1] (compiled and organized by Charles Woodroof, former SEC Assistant Director of Media Relations) and then continuously from 1936.[2] Due to the long-standing historical ties between individual college football conferences and high-paying bowl games like the Rose Bowl and Orange Bowl, the NCAA has never held a tournament or championship game to determine the champion of what is now the highest division, NCAA Division I, Football Bowl Subdivision (the Division I, Football Championship Subdivision and lower divisions do hold championship tournaments). As a result, the public and the media began to take the leading vote-getter in the final AP Poll as the national champion for that season.

While the AP Poll currently lists the Top 25 teams in the nation, from 1936 to 1961 the wire service only ranked 20 teams. And from 1962 to 1967 only 10 teams were recognized. From 1968 to 1988, the AP again resumed its Top 20 before expanding to 25 teams in 1989.

Until 1968 college football season, the final AP poll of the season was released following the end of the regular season, with the exception of the 1965 season. In 1964, Alabama was named the national champion in the final AP Poll following the completion of the regular season, but lost in the Orange Bowl to Texas, leaving Arkansas as the only undefeated, untied team after the Razorbacks defeated Nebraska in the Cotton Bowl Classic. In 1965, the AP's decision to wait to crown its champion paid handsomely, as top-ranked Michigan State lost to UCLA in the Rose Bowl, number two Arkansas lost to LSU in the Cotton Bowl Classic, and fourth-ranked Alabama defeated third-ranked Nebraska in the Orange Bowl, vaulting the Crimson Tide to the top of the AP's final poll (Michigan State was named national champion in the final United Press International poll of coaches, which did not conduct a post-bowl poll).

The AP national championship was awarded before bowl games were played. At the end of the 1947 season when the AP released an unofficial post-bowl poll which differed from the regular season final poll.[3] The AP conducted its first full post bowl game poll in 1965.

Beginning in the 1968 season, the post bowl game poll became permanent and the AP championship reflected the bowl game results. The UPI did not follow suit with the coaches' poll until the 1974 season.

In 2007, the AP Top 25 poll witnessed the largest single drop of a ranked team. #5 ranked Michigan lost to Appalachian St. 34-32 on Sept. 4, 2007, dropping 21 spots and out of the Top 25. The Wolverines became the first ranked team from the Football Bowl Subdivision, previously known as Division I-A, to lose to a team from the Football Championship Subdivision, previously known as Division I-AA. As an additional result of this game, the AP poll decided to open up its poll and allow voters to vote for Division I-FCS in the poll if that team has played a Division I-FBS team.[4]

Before Michigan's fall, Notre Dame held the record for largest drop in the rankings in the Top 25-era. The Fighting Irish dropped 16 spots, from #9 to #25, after losing to Northwestern 17-15 on Sept. 3, 1995. The highest ranked team to fall from the poll after one loss was #2 Oklahoma in 1959, when the AP was ranking the top 20 teams. Later that season Army went from #4 to unranked. In 1950, Tennessee went from #4 to unranked in October and in 1960 Illinois fell out of the ranking from #4.

#1 vs. #2

As of the completion of the 2009 college football season, the number one ranked team has faced the number two ranked team 44 times since the inception of the AP Poll in 1936.[5] The number one team is 25-17-2 against the number two team.[5]

List of #1 vs #2 games:

Other media football polls

The AP Poll is not the only college football poll. The other major poll is the Coaches Poll, which has been sponsored by several organizations: the United Press (1950–1957), the United Press International (1958–1990), USA Today (1991–present), CNN (1991–1996), and ESPN (1997–2005). Having two major polls has led to numerous "split" national titles, where the two polls disagreed on the #1 team. This has occurred on eleven different occasions (1954, 1957, 1965, 1970, 1973, 1974, 1978, 1990, 1991, 1997, 2003).

AP Poll inclusion in the BCS

In 1997, the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was developed to try to unify the poll results by picking two teams for a "real" national championship game. For the first several years the AP Poll factored in the determination of the BCS rankings, along with other factors including the Coaches Poll and computer-based polls. Because of a series of controversies surrounding the BCS, the AP demanded in December, 2004, that its poll no longer be used in the BCS rankings[6], and so the 2004-2005 season was the last season that the AP Poll was used for this purpose.

In the 2003 season the BCS system broke down when the next-to-final BCS poll ranked the University of Southern California (USC) at #3 while the two human polls in the system had ranked USC at #1. As a result, USC did not play in the BCS' designated national championship game. After defeating another highly ranked team, Michigan, in its final game, the AP Poll kept USC at #1 while the Coaches Poll was contractually obligated to select the winner of the BCS game, Louisiana State University (LSU), as the #1 team. The resulting split national title was the very problem that the BCS was created to solve, and has been widely considered an embarrassment[7].

In 2004, a new controversy erupted at the end of the season when Auburn University and University of Utah, who both finished the regular season 12-0, were left out of the BCS title game in favor of Oklahoma who also was 12-0 and had won decisively over Colorado in the Big 12 Championship game. USC went on to a win easily over Oklahoma in the Orange Bowl while Auburn and Utah both won their bowl games, leaving three undefeated teams at the end of the season. Also, in that same year, Texas made up late ground on University of California, Berkeley (Cal) in the BCS standings and as a result grabbed a high-payout, at-large spot in the Rose Bowl. Previous to that poll, Cal had been ranked ahead of Texas in both human polls and the BCS poll. Going into their final game, the Golden Bears were made aware that while margin of victory did not affect computer rankings, it did affect human polls and just eight voters changing their vote could affect the final standings.[8] Both teams won their game that week, but the Texas Coach, Mack Brown, had made a public effort to lobby for his team to be moved higher in the ranking. When the human polls were released, Texas remained behind Cal, but it had closed the gap enough so that the BCS poll (which determines placement) placed Texas above Cal, angering both Cal and its conference, the Pac-10.[9] The final poll positions had been unchanged with Cal at #4 AP, #4 coaches, and #6 computers polls and Texas at #6 AP, #5 coaches, and #4 computer polls.[9] The AP Poll voters were caught in the middle because their vote changes were automatically made public, while the votes of the Coaches poll were kept confidential. Although there had been a more substantial shift in the votes of the Coaches Poll, the only clear targets for the ire of fanatical fans were the voters in the AP Poll. While officials from both Cal and the Pac-10 called for the coaches' votes to be made public, the overtures were turned down and did little to solve the problem of AP voters. Cal went on to lose to Texas Tech in the Holiday Bowl. Texas defeated Michigan in the Rose Bowl.

Many members of the press who voted in the AP Poll were upset by the fiasco and, at the behest of its members, the AP asked that its poll no longer be used in the BCS rankings. The 2004 season was the last season that the AP Poll was used in the BCS rankings, it was replaced in the BCS equation by the newly created Harris Interactive College Football Poll.[10]

Final AP football polls

College basketball

The AP began compiling a ranking of the top 20 college men's basketball teams during the 1948-1949 season. It has issued this poll continuously since the 1950-1951 season. The women's basketball poll began during the 1976-1977 season, and was initially published by The Philadelphia Inquirer.

In Division I men's and women's college basketball, the AP Poll is largely just a tool to compare schools throughout the season and spark debate, as it has no bearing on postseason play. Generally, all top 25 teams in the poll are invited to the men's and women's NCAA basketball tournament, also known as March Madness. The poll is released every Monday.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.appollarchive.com/football/ap/research/1934-11-15_poll.cfm
  2. ^ http://www.appollarchive.com/football/ap/seasons.cfm?seasonid=1936
  3. ^ The official final AP poll, taken before the bowls, had Notre Dame #1 (107 first place votes) and Michigan #2 (25 first place votes). Michigan won the Rose Bowl 49-0 over USC while Notre Dame did not play in a bowl game. Detroit Free Press sports editor Lyall Smith arranged a post-bowl AP poll with only Michigan or Notre Dame as choices. Michigan won that poll 266-119.Kyrk, John. Natural Enemies. pp. 142–7. ISBN 1589790901. 
  4. ^ D'Angelo, Tom (2007-09-07). "Upset opens up AP poll". PalmBeachPost.com. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. http://web.archive.org/web/20070929111042/http://www.palmbeachpost.com/sports/content/sports/epaper/2007/09/07/a1c_poll_0907.html. Retrieved 2007-09-07. 
  5. ^ a b AP No. 1 vs. No. 2 games. Associated Press, August 13, 2008
  6. ^ AP Removes Its Poll From BCS, ncaasports.com, Dec. 22, 2004, Accessed June 6, 2006.
  7. ^ Tim Layden, Embarrassing moments in College Football (#10), SportsIllustrated.com, Aug. 2, 2006 , Accessed Aug. 2, 2006.
  8. ^ Kelly Whiteside = California bears burden of making point that it's BCS-worthy. USA TODAY, November 29, 2004
  9. ^ a b *"2004 BCS Standings, BCS Rankings" (.pdf). The National Football Foundation and College Hall of Fame, Inc.. http://www.collegefootballpoll.com/pdf/bcs_2004.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-14. 
  10. ^ BCS Replaces AP Poll, ncaasports.com, July 12, 2005, Accessed June 6, 2006.

External links








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