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Monaco
Logo
Full name Association Sportive de
Monaco Football Club
Nickname(s) Les Rouge et Blanc
(The Red and Whites)
Founded 23 August 1924
Ground Stade Louis II
(Capacity: 18,500)
Chairman France Etienne Franzi
Manager France Guy Lacombe
League Ligue 1
2008–09 Ligue 1, 11th
Home colours
Away colours
Third colours

Association Sportive de Monaco Football Club (often simply known as AS Monaco or Monaco) are a Monégasque football club based in the Principality of Monaco. They play in the Ligue 1 (formerly known as the French Première Division) and are one of the most successful clubs in French football, having won seven league titles and five Coupe de France trophies. They have also regularly competed in European football, being runners-up in both the UEFA Cup Winner's Cup and UEFA Champions League in 1992 and 2004 respectively.

The club is the only team within the French football system not based in France itself, being based in the sovereign principality of Monaco. It enjoyed numerous successes in the 1970s and late 1980s during the managerial tenures of Lucien Leduc and Arsène Wenger, during which they were amongst the leading lights of European football. Their traditional colours are red and white, and they are affectionately known as Les Rouge et Blanc (The Red and Whites). Monaco currently play at the Stade Louis II in Fontvieille, their home since 1985, and are members of the European Club Association.

Contents

History

Monaco were founded on 23 August 1912 as an unification of numerous local clubs based in the principality. The club's early years were spent in the amateur regional divisions of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, rising rapidly between the leagues in the 1990s. In 1933, Monaco were invited by the French Football Federation to turn professional. The Monégasques' first year of second division football ended in failure however, as they were relegated to the amateur leagues the following year. By 1948, Monaco re-acquired its professional status and returned to the French second division; they subsequently consistently finished in its upper echelons, with this sustained effort resulting in promotion to the French first division for the first time in 1953.

In 1960, Monaco's first iconic coach, Lucien Leduc, led the club to its first professional trophy, the Coupe de France, beating Saint-Étienne 4–2 in extra time. This initial success was bettered in the following year with the club winning the French Championship for the first time in its history, qualifying for the European Cup. Leduc subsequently led the club to its first League and Cup Double in 1963. Upon Leduc's departure in 1963, Monaco endured a barren run, entrenched in the middle half of the league for the best part of the next decade and alternating between the first and second divisions after 1963. In 1975, Jean-Louis Campora, son of former president Charles Campora, became chairman of the club. In his second season, he brought back Leduc, who immediately won the club promotion to the first division and won them the championship the following year in 1978. Leduc subsequently left the club again in 1979, to be succeeded by Lucien Müller and Gérard Banide, both of whom were unable to halt the club's decline.

The early 1980s saw a steady stream of successes in national competitions. Monaco won a title almost every other year; the Coupe de France in 1980 and 1985, the French Championship in 1982, was Coupe de France finalist in 1984. In the 1985–86 season, Monaco hammered Bordeaux 9–0, one of the biggest wins in club history. [1]

Disappointingly for Monaco fans, the club could not translate its domestic leadership into European success. Up to this point, Monaco had never past the first round of any European competition. Monaco lost to Dundee United (1981) CSKA Sofia twice (1982 and 1984) and Universitatea Craiova.[2]

In 1986, famed Ajax manager István Kovács, who succeeded Rinus Michels and honed his total football ideals with the Dutch champions, came out of a three-year "retirement" to manage Monaco, but even he could not bring them success. With the club facing a second barren spell, they signed legendary future Arsenal manager Arsène Wenger, who had hitherto been relatively unknown, managing Nancy without much success. Wenger's reign saw the club enjoy one of its most successful periods, with several inspired signings, including future legends George Weah, Glenn Hoddle, Jürgen Klinsmann, and Youri Djorkaeff, and youth team policies which produced future World Cup winners Emmanuel Petit, Lilian Thuram, and Thierry Henry. Under Wenger, they won the league in his first season in charge (1988) and the Coupe de France in 1989 and 1991, with the club consistently competing in the latter stages of the European Cup and regularly challenging for the league title.[3] The club could have had even greater success in this period, as it emerged in 1993 that bitter rivals Marseille had indulged in match fixing and numerous improprieties, a view that Wenger had long held.[3] In 1995, after being blocked by the Monaco board from opening discussions with German powerhouse Bayern Munich for their vacant managerial post after being shortlisted for the role, Wenger was released from the club, several weeks after the post had already been filled.[3][4]

After Wenger's departure, the club endured a relatively poor run, only winning the league twice afterwards (1997 and 2000), amidst rumours that the club was facing numerous financial difficulties. Wenger's successor, Campora, left the club in 2003, with Monaco facing relegation into the second division due to a huge deficit and a dearth of investors. His replacement, Pierre Svara, took charge on a temporary basis in 2003, with the club enjoying a remarkable run towards the final of the UEFA Champions League, led by former French national team captain Didier Deschamps and with the team featuring stalwarts such as Fernando Morientes, Ludovic Giuly, Jérôme Rothen, and Dado Pršo, beating Real Madrid and Chelsea along the way. Even with this successful run, Svara was soon replaced by Michel Pastor. One of Pastor's first tasks was to hold onto the players who had turned the club into one of the best in Europe, but he failed to convince them to stay, and their replacements were unable to replicate previous successes. After four years, six coaches and only mid-table finishes, Pastor left the club amid severe criticism of his management skills.

In 2008, Jérôme de Bontin, a leading shareholder of the club since 2003, took charge of the club, promising a complete shake-up at the club. Under his reign, the club brought in players such as Park Chu-Young and Freddy Adu, but they did not find much success on the pitch, going through a torrid season and only managing a mid-table finish. De Bontin resigned at the end of the season, replaced by banker Etienne Franzi and a new board of directors.[5] In July 2009, Brazilian manager Ricardo Gomes was replaced by former Cannes and Rennes coach Guy Lacombe, inheriting a youthful squad featuring numerous highly lauded youth team prospects, including Cédric Mongongu, Serge Gakpé, Vincent Muratori, Frédéric Nimani, Nicolas N'Koulou, Yohan Mollo, and Yohann Thuram-Ulien.[6]

Stadiums

Stade Louis II's iconic nine arches.

Monaco have played at the original Stade Louis II stadium since its beginnings in 1939; in 1985, the stadium was replaced with the current iteration, built on a nearby site consisting of land reclaimed from the Mediterranean Sea, a recurring feature of its seaside Fontvieille surrounds. Housing a total of 18,500 supporters and noted for its iconic nine arches, it has hosted numerous athletic events and European cup finals, including each instance of the annual UEFA Super Cup. The ground's pitch has been changed numerous times of late, and at the beginning of the 2008–09 season underwent numerous renovations, including the installation of two large screens. The club train in nearby La Turbie at a newly-built training facility featuring state-of-the-art gyms, pools and conference centres.

Players

First-team squad

As of 9 September 2009.[7] Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 France GK Yohann Thuram-Ulien
2 Democratic Republic of the Congo DF Cédric Mongongu
3 Cameroon DF Nicolas N'Koulou
4 France DF François Modesto (vice-captain)
5 Uruguay MF Diego Pérez
6 Brazil MF Eduardo Costa
7 Côte d'Ivoire MF Jean-Jacques Gosso
8 Argentina MF Alejandro Alonso (captain)
10 South Korea FW Park Chu-Young
11 Brazil MF Nenê
12 Brazil DF Adriano Pereira
13 France DF Vincent Muratori
14 Croatia DF Dario Šimić
15 France MF Thomas Mangani
16 France GK Stéphane Ruffier
18 Mali DF Djimi Traoré
No. Position Player
19 Switzerland DF Patrick Müller
20 Colombia FW Juan Pablo Pino
21 France MF Malaury Martin
22 France MF Mathieu Coutadeur
23 Croatia MF Jerko Leko
24 France FW Yannick Sagbo
25 Nigeria MF Lukman Haruna
26 France MF Yohan Mollo
28 France DF Sébastien Puygrenier (on loan from Zenit)
29 France MF Distel Zola
31 Niger FW Moussa Maazou (on loan from CSKA Moscow)
32 Côte d'Ivoire DF Igor Lolo
34 France MF Frédéric Bulot
37 Norway DF Vegard Landaas

Players out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
9 Iceland FW Eidur Gudjohnsen (on loan to Tottenham Hotspur until June 2010)
17 Togo MF Serge Gakpé (on loan to Tours until June 2010)
27 France FW Frédéric Nimani (on loan to Burnley until June 2010)
Senegal DF Massamba Sambou (on loan to Nantes until the end of the 2009–10 season)
France MF Loïc Dufau (on loan to Cassis Carnoux)

Notable players

Goalkeepers :

Defenders :

Defensive midfielders :

Attacking Midfielders :

Forwards :

Managers

Honours

Domestic

European

Records

Name Games
France Jean-Luc Ettori 755 games
France Claude Puel 602
France Jean Petit 428
France Manuel Amoros 349
France Christian Dalger 334
France Marcel Dib 326
France François Ludo 319
France Luc Sonor 315
France Michel Hidalgo 304
Monaco Armand Forcherio 303
Name Goals
Argentina Delio Onnis 223 goals
France Lucien Cossou 115
France Christian Dalger 89
Nigeria Victor Ikpeba 77
France Jean Petit 76
France Yvon Douis 74
France Youri Djorkaeff 68
Democratic Republic of the Congo Shabani Nonda 67
BrazilFrance Sonny Anderson 67
Liberia George Weah 66

References

External links


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