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RENFE Class 100
Renfe clase 100.JPG
Series 100 train in Cordoba station
In service 1992 – present
Manufacturer Alstom
Family name TGV
Formation 2 driving cars and 8 passenger cars per train set
Capacity 329
Operator RENFE
Line(s) served Madrid – Seville
Specifications
Train length 200.15 m (656 ft 8 in)
Width 2.9 m (9 ft 6 in)
Height 4.28 m (14 ft 1 in)
Maximum speed 300 km/h (190 mph)
Weight 392 tonnes (432 tons)
Power output 8,800 kW (11,800 hp)
Electric system(s) Dual: 3 kV DC,
25 kV 50 Hz AC,
Current collection method Overhead
Safety system(s) LZB, ASFA 200, ERTMS
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)

The AVE Class 100 is the first series of AVE high speed trains for the Spanish state-run railway company RENFE.

The Class 100 is manufactured by Alstom and is directly derived from the French TGV. It is made up of two 4,400 kW power cars with two motorised bogies each and eight passenger cars with shared bogies. Unlike the French model, the Class 100 has both the Spanish ASFA and German LZB signalling systems. Furthermore, since 2004 nine of the Class 100 have the ERTMS system installed, as well as two extra coaches and cooling systems specially adapted to Spanish temperatures.

This class lived through all the changes involved in the creation of the Spanish high speed network; originally the plan was to build the high speed route to Andalusia on an Iberian gauge track (1,668 mm). At the last minute, it was decided that it should be standard gauge, meaning RENFE changed its original order for 24 Iberian gauge units to sixteen standard gauge ones, which were delivered between 1991 and 1993.

After various changes in the contract with Alstom and compensation for delays the final eight were delivered; two standard gauge sets and 6 Iberian gauge sets. The Iberian sets became the RENFE Class 101 which operate the Euromed services along the Mediterranean corridor.

The Class 100, namely train 100015, set one of the most important Spanish speed records, reaching 356.8 kilometres per hour (221.7 mph) on a test run. Its previous record had been 330 kilometres per hour (210 mph) on an earlier test run. The Class 100 was also involved in speed tests using Talgo carriages.

This class has almost exclusively served the Madrid-Seville line. They were used on the Madrid-Barcelona line for a short period until introduction of the RENFE Class 102. The units used on the Barcelona line had to have their pantographs changed as well as installation of the ERTMS system.

In 2007, after fifteen years of service—half of the trains' expected working life—the entire Class 100 fleet was refurbished.

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